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Leading Group Discussions. David M. Irby, PhD University of California San Francisco. Preview. Total Group Discussion (30 min) Introduction PICS Model P review, I nvolvement of all, C ontent covered, and S ummary Small Group Jigsaw (90 min) Lesson planning in chapter groups (30 min)

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leading group discussions
Leading Group Discussions

David M. Irby, PhD

University of California

San Francisco

  • Total Group Discussion (30 min)
    • Introduction
    • PICS Model
      • Preview, Involvement of all, Content covered, and Summary
  • Small Group Jigsaw (90 min)
    • Lesson planning in chapter groups (30 min)
    • Discussion of each chapter in small groups (60 min)
  • Total group discussion (30 min)
most common pitfalls
Most Common Pitfalls
  • Leader talks too much
  • Fails to involve everyone
  • Fails to introduce self or preview session
  • Doesn’t make progress through content
  • No summary or conclusion
  • Doesn’t share self and think aloud
why use discussion
Why use Discussion?
  • Increases motivation and persistence in learning
  • Improves learning outcomes because learners must
    • Articulate what they know and don’t know
    • Challenge their own assumptions
    • Connect and consolidate ideas
  • Increases communication skills
  • More likely to change values
pics model
PICS Model





Teacher enthusiasm, support and challenge

  • Introduce self and topic
  • Provide rationale and capture attention
  • Preview session, state objectives and set expectations for participation
  • Establish positive learning climate
  • Promote active participation and stimulate thinking
    • Ask questions, pose problems, ask for questions
    • Give in-class assignments, questionnaires, tasks, problems to solve
    • Divide students into groups to do assignments
  • Exhibit enthusiasm
  • Focus and progress through main ideas
    • Direct and pace discussion
      • Plan each each section of the discussion and estimate time
      • Put each section and timeframe on board
    • Use visuals to capture ideas (scribe)
    • Summarize periodically
  • Summarize key points and provide closure
  • Bridge to larger course and/or next session
  • Review learning issues and make assignments
  • Share feedback on session
review of pics model
Review of PICS Model
  • Preview: Introduce self and preview session
  • Involvement: Actively involveall learners
  • Content: Ensure timely progress through content
  • Summary: Summarize key ideas
jigsaw process
Jigsaw Process
  • Advanced preparation - divided individual responsibility
  • Three-part classroom process
    • Chapter specific small group discussion – (share and revise lesson plans)
    • Cross chapter small group discussion – (teach your chapter to others and get feedback)
    • Total group discussion – (what did we learn?)
part i chapter groups
Part I (chapter groups)
  • Share lesson plans and ensure that you follow the PICS format (no lecturing):
    • Preview and set expectations
    • Involve everyone
    • Cover content and manage time
    • Summarize key points
  • Revise your lesson plan
part ii cross chapter groups
Part II (cross-chapter groups)
  • Lead a discussion on each chapter for 12 minutes each
  • Give feedback on experience (specific strengths and recommendations) for 3 minutes
    • Preview?
    • Involvement of all?
    • Content covered?
    • Summary?
part iii total group discussion
Part III (total group discussion)
  • What did you learn from this experience?
  • What surprised you?
  • What questions do you have?
  • What specific techniques will you use in your teaching?
  • Careful organization (preview, organized content, summary) and active involvement enhances learning
  • Your enthusiasm will inspire learning and increase persistence in learning
  • Have fun.
pics discussion model
PICS Discussion Model
  • Preview
  • Involvement of all
  • Content covered
  • Summary
  • Facilitator: enthusiastic, supportive and challenging?