Bibles, Holy Books and Myths. The word bible comes from Greek bibila meaning 'little books' The Bible is a particular, but sometimes variable, collection of books Jewish (Old Testament) Christian (New Testament). Need to be acquainted with some of the stories, some of the language
The Bible is a particular, but sometimes variable, collection of books
Jewish (Old Testament)
Christian (New Testament)
Adam and Eve, Cain and Abel, Abraham and Isaac, Noah's flood...
phrases, 'let there be light...' 'in the beginning was...', plus style and basic oppositions
Authorised King James version – Church of England from 1604-1611
many other holy books and oral traditions
Greek, Roman, Celtic, Germanic, Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist, African , Aboriginal...
Qur'an, 4 Vedas, Post-Vedic Samhitas, Brāhmaṇas,
Old Testament, written in Hebrew
range of genres representing the historic mission of the Jews
mythic and epic narratives: Genesis to Exodus
laws, moral codes and proverbs: Leviticus, Ecclesiastics, Proverbs
prayers and love songs, sacred and erotic: Psalms, Song of Solomon
lives of heroes and prophets: Job, Jonah, Ruth
New Testament, written in Greek
many narratives of the life of Christ: four gospels
extended letters: epistles of St Paul to the early churches
5. Thy two breasts are like two young roes that are twins, which feed among the lilies.
6. Until the day break, and the shadows flee away, I will get me to the mountain of myrrh, and to the hill of frankincense.
7. Thou art all fair, my love; there is no spot in thee.
counted in and out of various canons of holy books
Gospel of Nicodemus
Christ's harrowing of hell in Middle Ages, later dropped
Roman Catholics accept more books than Protestants
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints has Book of Mormon (1830)
Vico – poetic, heroric/noble, vulgar
Frye – hieroglyphic, hieratic, demonic
metaphor, metonymy, debate
allegorical, analogical, dialectical
the word, continuous prose, scientific
spirit, soul, mind
gods, God, no god
In this period there is relatively little emphasis on a clear separation of subject and object: the emphasis falls rather on the feeling that subject and object are linked by a common power or energy. ... Thus knowing the name of a god or elemental spirit mayb give the knower some control over it...
In this second phase language is more individualized, and words become primarily the outward expression of inner thoughts or ideas. Subject and object are becoming more consitently separated, and “reflection,” with its overtones of looking into a mirror, moves into the verbal foreground...from the metaphorical to the metonymic...words are “put for” thoughts
Here we start with a clear separation of subject and object, in which teh subject exposes itself, in sense experience, to the impact of an objective world....it is the primary function of literature, more particularly of poetry, to keep re-creating the first or metaphorical phase of language during the domination of the later phases, to keep presenting it to us as a mode of language that we must never be allowed to underestimate, much less lose sight of.
Thus oratorical rhetoric, as we have it in the history of literature, represents a kind of transitional stage of language betwen first-phase metaphor and second-phase argument...(Kerygma) is the vehicle of what is traditionally called revelation,...(meaning) the conveying of information drom an objective divine source to a subjective human receoptor...
7 And Noah and his SONS and his wife and his SONS' wives entered the ark to escape the waters of the flood. 8 PAIRS of clean and unclean animals, of birds and of all creatures that move along the ground, 9 male and female, came to Noah and entered the ark, as GOD had commanded Noah.
7:1 The LORD then said to Noah, Go into the ark, you and your whole family, because I have found you righteous in this generation. 2 Take with you SEVEN of every kind of clean animal, a male and its mate, and two of every kind of unclean animal, a male and its mate, 3 and also SEVEN of every kind of bird, male and female, to keep their various kinds alive throughout the earth. 4 SEVEN days from now I will send rain on the earth for forty days and forty nights, and I will wipe from the face of the earth every living creature I have made. 5 And Noah did all that the LORD commanded him. 6 Noah was SIX HUNDRED years old when the floodwaters came on the earth.
7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. 8 And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.
15 And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. 16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.
18 And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a help meet for him. 19 And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.
Christian God: http://alicebot.org/images/god2.jpg