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AP Psychology. 12/20/13. The Grinch’s personality. Today, we are analyzing the Grinch’s personality from three perspectives: Sigmund Freud, Carl Rogers, & Alfred Adler. Sigmund Freud. Psychodynamic approach: focuses on the past and the subconscious. Carl Rogers.

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Ap psychology

AP Psychology


The grinch s personality
The Grinch’s personality

  • Today, we are analyzing the Grinch’s personality from three perspectives: Sigmund Freud, Carl Rogers, & Alfred Adler.

Sigmund freud
Sigmund Freud

  • Psychodynamic approach: focuses on the past and the subconscious.

Carl rogers
Carl Rogers

  • Humanistic approach: focuses on relationships.

Alfred adler
Alfred Adler

  • Psychodynamic/humanistic: the power of the past, but in social relationships.


  • Three parts of the human mind:

  • Ego: mostly conscious, operates on “reality principle.” Mediator.

  • Superego: your “conscience.” Both conscious and unconscious. Fights the id.

  • Id: unconscious psychic energy that operates on “pleasure principle”—wants to fulfill basic biological drives.

Freud s psychosexual stages fixation
Freud’s psychosexual stages & fixation

  • Oral stage: focus on mouth—sucking, biting, chewing as infant. Nail biting, alcoholism, smoking as adult. Sarcastic and manipulative personality.

  • Anal stage: focus on control (from toilet training). Anal-retentive personalities are neat and orderly. Anal-expulsive personalities are rebellious and disorganized.

  • Phallic stage: Obsession with genitals—Oedipus complex & Electra complex. Adult personality is marked by vanity and domination.

  • Fixation: unresolved conflicts from a stage lead to an emphasis (fixation) in adulthood.

Freudian defense mechanisms
Freudian defense mechanisms

  • Repression: sends anxiety-inducing thoughts to the unconscious. Freudian slips and dreams are these thoughts reaching consciousness.

    • Regression: reverting to an older behavior to find comfort in anxiety.

    • Reaction formation: adopting an opposite thought in the face of an anxiety-inducing one.

    • Projection: insecurity about self that is then seen in other people.

    • Rationalization: justifying dangerous behavior with a new explanation to ignore reality.

    • Displacement: inappropriate sexual or aggressive impulses are transferred to a new target.


  • Self-actualization: all people have the ability to reach their full potential.

    • In order to do so, however, a positive environment is needed (genuineness, acceptance, and empathy).

Rogers environmental f actors
Rogers’ environmental factors

  • Genuineness: people must be open and honest.

  • Acceptance: people value you for who you are—called positive regard. Unconditional positive regard is displayed in spite of any events.

  • Empathy: recognition of how others are feeling.

  • These factors nurture growth.

Rogers personality ideas
Rogers’ personality ideas

  • Self-concept: human environment leads to your idea of who you are. This includes your morals, idea of self-worth, etc. It is positive or negative, depending on if you have met your “ideal self.”

  • Incongruence: gap between real self and ideal self.

  • Living a congruent life makes you a fully functioning person.

Fully functioning person
Fully-functioning person

  • Someone in touch with who they want to be. Called the “good life” by Rogers.

  • Open to experiences

  • Living each moment fully

  • Trust in judgment

  • Responsible for own actions

  • Enhanced creativity

  • Reliable and productive

  • “Good life”—experiences are

    more intense


  • Like Freud, believes that childhood influences personality. Unlike Freud, social over sexual influence.

  • Holistic approach: cannot divide personality (id, ego, superego), but most look at entire individual.

Adler goals
Adler: goals

  • Goal-oriented behavior: all of human behavior is driven toward some sort of goal. For most of us, it is to belong (we are social creatures).

  • Another primary struggle: to overcome inferiority by reaching superiority.

Adler personality
Adler: personality

  • According to Adler, showing social interest is a mark of a healthy personality. It is innate but needs to be nurtured by family/environment.

  • Style of life: whatever beliefs, thoughts, and behaviors you adopt to reach your goals. Typically you choose a style to overcome inferiority.

Superiority inferiority

  • Primary feelings of inferiority: as a child, you are small, weak, and dependent.

  • Secondary feelings of inferiority: any physiological/environmental handicap or negative parenting.

  • Inferiority complex: belief that you are not as good as others. Marked by feeling inadequate, inferior, and anxious.

  • Superiority complex: belief that you are better than others. Typically masks another inferiority. Marked by arrogance, egotism, and flamboyance.

How the grinch stole christmas
How the Grinch Stole Christmas!

  • http://www.amazon.com/Grinch-Stole-Christmas-Horton-Hears/dp/B001M6KTM0/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1387555861&sr=8-1&keywords=how+the+grinch+stole+christmas

  • Analyze the Grinch according to your perspective.


  • Discuss in groups for 10 minutes. Present findings to class and then discuss.