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Global Food Consumption. Starter. Match key words to the correct definitions. Learning objectives. Interpret patterns of global consumption. Categorise factors contributing to global hunger and obesity. The world produces enough food to feed everyone, yet …. Obesity. Hunger.

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Match key words to the correct definitions.


Learning objectives

  • Interpret patterns of global consumption.
  • Categorise factors contributing to global hunger and obesity.

The world produces enough food to feed everyone, yet…



There is unevenness in the distribution of food supply.


Global food consumption and hunger

In 2012, 870 million people (one in eight) were undernourished.

Of these people, 852 million were in developing countries.

That is more than the combined populations of the United States, Canada and the European Union!

Source: FAO, 2013


Global food consumption and hunger

Global hunger has improved since 1990, falling by one-third. Despite the progress made, the level of hunger in the world remains “serious” according to the FAO.

Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 1 is to halve the proportion of people who suffer from hunger by 2015 – not yet met!


Global food consumption and obesity

There are more obese people in the world than undernourished – over 1.5 billion.

Which regions have seen the greatest increase?

The number of obese adults in the developing world has almost quadrupled to around one billion since 1980.

In developed countries the figure is 557 million.


Activity: data interpretation

Study figure 6.5 (Average calorie consumption per person per day) and figure 6.6 (The percentage of people suffering from hunger) on the handout.

Identify the regions with highest and lowest daily calorie intakes (quote countries and figures in your answer).

Is there a perfect match between patterns of hunger and daily calorie intake? Explain your answer (consider population sizes).


Activity: information sort

What are the main contributing factors to global hunger and obesity? What drives the global pattern of consumption?

  • Draw a table in your book, two columns (obesity and hunger).
  • Read the statements and decide if they are a contributing factor of global hunger or obesity.
  • Cut out and glue them in the correct column.

Contributing factors: summary

  • Hunger
  • Poverty
  • Vulnerable to natural disasters
  • Political instability
  • High proportion of income spent on food
  • Obesity
  • Higher income
  • Urbanisation
  • Changing dietary patterns
  • Less active lifestyles


Read the information sheet on the paradox of hunger and obesity in developed countries, and make notes on how they are linked.

Answer the exam question.


True or false?

  • 1 in 5 people are undernourished.
    • False! 1 in 8 people.
  • MDG 1 is to halve the number of hungry people by 2015.
    • True!
  • Developing countries have more obese people than developed nations?
    • True!
  • South America has the highest percentage of people suffering from hunger.
    • False! Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Nutrition-transition is a contributing factor of obesity.
    • True!