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BE-1401. Poverty in Brunei. Introduction. What is poverty? Is there poverty in Brunei? Yes. Absolute or relative? Is there a poverty threshold? No official threshold but many studies had been done to calculate it Who is poor? Different categories of poor. Problems of Poverty. Health

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be 1401

BE-1401

Poverty in Brunei

introduction
Introduction
  • What is poverty?
  • Is there poverty in Brunei?
    • Yes. Absolute or relative?
  • Is there a poverty threshold?
    • No official threshold but many studies had been done to calculate it
  • Who is poor?
    • Different categories of poor
problems of poverty
Problems of Poverty
  • Health
  • Mental
  • Social Issues
  • Effects on the economy
common causes of poverty
Common Causes of Poverty
  • Lack of education, skills and knowledge
  • Unemployment
  • Large dependency ratio in a household
  • ‘New Poor’?
social security system in brunei
Social Security System in Brunei
  • Old Age Pensions
  • Monthly Financial Assistance from various agencies
  • Physically Challenged Allowance
  • TAP
the system of zakat in brunei
The system of Zakat in Brunei
  • Aim: To bring the poor out of poverty by raising their standard of living
  • The administration and organization of zakat is handled by the Brunei Islamic Council (MUIB)
  • Zakat law first introduced on 1st january 1969
  • MUIB has appointed the Zakat Distribution Committee to steer policies and running of zakat collection and redistribution in Brunei.
recipients of zakat in brunei
Recipients of zakat in Brunei
  • Poor
  • Needy or fakir
  • Amils or tithe collectors
  • Muallaf or converts
  • Debtors or Al-gharimin
  • Ibnus Sabil; travellers or migrants
problems
Problems
  • Increasing number of zakat recipients year by year
  • Identification of eligible recipients; selection criteria
  • Payment of zakat by individuals on their wealth
  • Coming up with strategies to get the recipients out of poverty
causes of poverty in brunei
Causes of poverty in Brunei
  • Per capita net income
  • Percentage of non-working adults in the household (HH)
  • High no of dependents in the HH
  • Overcrowding in the HH
  • No/Lack of Education
challenges
Challenges
  • There is an immediate need of calculating the poverty threshold for Brunei
  • Policies and Strategies need to be carefully developed and implemented in order for the poverty eradication strategy to be successful
  • Give training to develop skills
  • Educate the poor and the public
  • Networking/Sharing information between agencies when identifying prospective recipients