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Balancing Steel and Herbicides to Reduce Resistance: Farmer Perspective. Craig Fleishman Cardinal Farms Minburn , IA. Why Ridge-tillage helps accomplish……. Soil Health Weed Control Erosion Control. Conventional Planter with Ridge Cleaners. The Steel Versus Herbicide Balance

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Balancing Steel and Herbicides to Reduce Resistance: Farmer Perspective


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    1. Balancing Steel and Herbicides to Reduce Resistance:Farmer Perspective Craig Fleishman Cardinal Farms Minburn, IA

    2. Why Ridge-tillage helps accomplish…… • Soil Health • Weed Control • Erosion Control

    3. Conventional Planter with Ridge Cleaners The Steel Versus HerbicideBalance in Ridge-Tillage Craig Fleishman 50%-Herbicide/ 50%-Steel Craig’s Goal • Band P&K into • the Ridges • Conventional Planter with Ridge Cleaners • Band Spray (10”) • with Planter • Rotary Hoe to Dry-out Ridges; Sometimes • to break crust • Early Post-Glyphosate/24DE Burndown • 1st Cultivation with Disk Hillers and • Side-Dress NH3 • or UAN (Corn Only) Band P&K into the Ridges • Corn-Corn-Soybean Rotation • Corn-Corn Pre-Clean for Blacker Strips • Corn-Soybean • Strip-Cropping • Cover Crops • in Bean Stubble • Seed Down Headlands to Oats • Maintain Grassed • Hay Headlands • RR-Corn and Soybeans Treated Like Non-RR • RTK Makes It Work Better • Cultivation = • Oxygen in Soil = Mineralization = • Synergistic Affect • 2nd Cultivation with Ridging Wings; • Narrow Sweeps; • No Hillers • 6” - 8” Ridges • Every 1 - 2 Years • Spot Spray Weed Control for Escapes • Fence-Row Management 1st Cultivation Corn and Soybean Strip-Cropping Corn-Corn Pre-Clean for Blacker Strips • MINNESOTA STYLE • Higher Rainfall • Econ-O-Till System (Developed by • Jim Johnson HinikerComp. Mankato, MN) • Conventional Planter with Row-Cleaners • 0 - 1 Cultivations without Disk Hillers • Broadcast Herbicide • Roundup Ready or Liberty-Link Compatible • Rotary Hoe to Dry-out Ridges • Make 3” - 4” Ridges Every 2 - 3 Years • Chemical Cultivation with Drops • Irrigation Not Needed • Need Good Drainage • Some Potholes “Return to Nature” • Narrow Rows 22” - 30” • NEBRASKA STYLE • Lower Rainfall • Buffalo-Till System (Developed by • Fleischer Mfg. Columbus, NE) • Buffalo Planter with Sweeps and Guards • Cultivator with Disk Hillers • Two Cultivations • No or Little Herbicide • Non-GMO or Organic Seeds • Rotary Hoe for Weed Control • Make 6” - 8” Ridges Every Year • Furrow or Pivot Irrigation • Very Adaptable to Organic, Longer Rotations • or Integrated-Crop and Livestock Systems • Wider Rows Needed 30” - 38” The Balance All Depends on the Weather! 0% Herbicide 100% Herbicide 50% Herbicide 100% Steel 0% Steel 50% Steel

    4. Nebraska Style • Lower Rain Fall • Buffalo-till System (Developed by Fleischer Mfg. Columbus, NE) • Buffalo Planter with Sweeps & Guards • Cultivator with Disk Hillers • Two Cultivations • No or little herbicide • Non-GMO or Organic Seeds • Rotary Hoe for Weed Control • 6”-8” Ridges every year • Furrow or Pivot Irrigation • Very Adaptable to Organic, Longer Rotations or Integrated with Livestock • Wider Rows Needed 30”-38”

    5. Minnesota Style • Higher Rain Fall • Econ-O-Till System (Developed by Jim Johnson Hiniker Comp Mankato, MN) • Conventional Planter with Row-Cleaners • 0-1 Cultivations without Disk Hillers • Broadcast Herbicide • Roundup Ready or Liberty-Link • Rotary Hoe to Dry Out Ridges • 3”-4” Ridges Every 2-3 Years • Chemical Cultivation with Drops • Irrigation Not Needed • Need Good Drainage • Some Potholes “Return to Nature” • Narrow Rows 22”-30”

    6. “50/50” My Goal • Band P&K into the Ridges • Conventional Planter with Ridge Cleaners • Band Spray (10”) with Planter • Rotary Hoe to Dry out Ridges; Sometimes to break crust • Early Post-Glyphosate/24DE Burndown • 1st Cultivation with Disk Hillers & Side-Dress NH3 or UAN in Corn Only • Cultivation=Oxygen in Soil=Mineralization=Synergistic Affect • 2nd Cultivation with Ridging Wings; Narrow Sweeps; No Hillers • 6”-8” Ridges Every 1-2 Years • Spot Spray Weed Control for Escapes • Fence-row Management • Corn-Corn-Soybean Rotation • Corn-Corn Pre-Clean for Blacker Strips • Corn-Soybean Strip-Cropping • Cover Crops in Bean Stubble • Seed Down Headlands to Oats • Maintain Grassed Hay Headlands • RR-Corn & Soybeans treated like non-RR • RTK Makes It Work Better

    7. Early Post-Glyphosate/24DE Burndown

    8. Spot Spraying for “Weed Escapes”