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Oklahoma City Community College. Bloodborne Pathogen Training. WHY ARE WE HERE?. OSHA BB Pathogen standard anyone whose job requires exposure to BB pathogens is required to complete training employees who are trained in CPR and first aid

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oklahoma city community college
Oklahoma City Community College

Bloodborne Pathogen

Training

why are we here
WHY ARE WE HERE?
  • OSHA BB Pathogen standard
    • anyone whose job requires exposure to BB pathogens is required to complete training
    • employees who are trained in CPR and first aid
  • The more you know, the better you will perform in real situations!
what is a bb pathogen

What is a BB Pathogen?

Microorganisms that are carried in the blood that can cause disease in humans

common bb pathogen diseases
Common BB Pathogen Diseases
  • Malaria
  • Brucellosis
  • Syphilis
  • Hepatitis B(HBV)
  • Hepatitis C(HCV)
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
human immunodeficiency virus hiv
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • HIV is the virus that leads to AIDS
  • HIV depletes the immune system
  • HIV does not survive well outside the body
  • No threat on contracting HIV through casual contact
hepatitis b hbv
1—1.25 million Americans are chronically infected

Symptoms include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea , vomiting

May lead to chronic liver disease, liver cancer, and death

Vaccination available since 1982

HBV can survive for at least one week in dried blood

Symptoms can occur 1-9 months after exposure

Hepatitis B (HBV)
hepatitis c hcv
Hepatitis C (HCV)
  • Hepatitis C is the most common chronic bloodborne infection in the United States
  • Symptoms include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomiting
  • May lead to chronic liver disease and death
potentially infectious bodily fluids
Blood

Saliva

Vomit

Urine

Semen or vaginal secretions

Skin tissue, cell cultures

Any other bodily fluid

Potentially Infectious Bodily Fluids
transmission potential
Transmission Potential
  • Contact with another person’s blood or bodily fluid that may contain blood
  • Mucous membranes: eyes, mouth, nose
  • Non-intact skin
  • Contaminated sharps/needles
your exposure potential
Your Exposure Potential
  • Industrial accident
  • Administering first aid
  • Post-accident cleanup
  • Handling of returned product
  • Janitorial or maintenance work
  • Handling of any waste products
universal precautions
Universal Precautions
  • Use of proper PPE
  • Treat all blood and bodily fluids as if they are contaminated
  • Proper cleanup and decontamination
  • Disposal of all contaminated material in the proper manner
personal protective equipment ppe
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Anything that is used to protect a person from exposure
  • Latex or Nitrile gloves, goggles, CPR mouth barriers, aprons, respirators
ppe rules to remember
PPE Rules to Remember
  • Always check PPE for defects or tears before using
  • If PPE becomes torn or defective remove and get new
  • Remove PPE before leaving a contaminated area
  • Do not reuse disposable equipment
decontamination
Decontamination
  • Always wear PPE.
  • Cover fluid with absorbent powder allow to congeal. Pick up with cardboard scoops and put in plastic bag along with scoops.
  • Use disinfectant solution evenly over spill area. Use absorbent towel to wipe up and discard in plastic bag.
  • Place gloves in plastic bag. Wash hands with antiseptic towelettes and place in plastic bag.
  • Spray area with disinfectant for hepatitis B or a 10% solution of bleach and water; allow to air dry.
  • Twist tie around bag place in biomedical waste bag
  • Wash hands with antibacterial soap and running water.
hand washing
Hand Washing
  • Wash hands immediately after removing PPE
  • Use a soft antibacterial soap
  • A hand sanitizer can be used but wash with soap and water as soon as possible.
regulated medical waste
Regulated Medical Waste
  • Liquid or semi-liquid blood or other potentially infectious material(OPIM)
  • Contaminated items that would release blood or OPIM when compressed
  • Contaminated sharps
  • Pathological and microbiological waste containing blood or OPIM
signs labels
Signs & Labels
  • Labels must include the universal biohazard symbol, and the term “Biohazard” must be attached to:
    • containers of regulated biohazard waste
    • refrigerators or freezers containing blood or OPIM
    • containers used to store, transport, or ship blood or OPIM
exposure incident
Exposure Incident
  • A specific incident of contact with potentially infectious bodily fluid
  • If there are no infiltrations of mucous membranes or open skin surfaces, it is not considered an occupational exposure
  • Report all accidents involving blood or bodily fluids
  • Post-exposure medical evaluations are offered
post exposure evaluation
Post-exposure Evaluation
  • Confidential medical evaluation
  • Document route of exposure
  • Identify source individual
  • Test source individuals blood (with individuals consent)
  • Provide results to exposed employee
hepatitis b vaccination
Hepatitis B Vaccination
  • Strongly endorsed by medical communities
  • Offered to all potentially exposed employees
  • Provided at no cost to employees
  • Declination form
recordkeeping
Recordkeeping

Medical records include:

  • Hepatitis B vaccination status
  • Post-exposure evaluation and follow-up results

Training records include:

  • Training dates
  • Contents of the training
  • Signature of trainer and trainee
in conclusion

In Conclusion

BB pathogen rules are in place for your health and safety

Failure to follow them is a risk that does not need to be taken

important links
Important Links
  • U. S. Department of Labor OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard: http://osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=STANDARDS&p_id=10051
  • OCCC Bloodborne Pathogens Exposure Control Plan: http://employee.occc.edu/EHS/Health_Documents.html
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Questions?

OCCC Environmental Health and Safety at

682-7587 or

lvaughan@occc.edu