SUGGESTOPEDIA. The outline.
I/ Historical Background to the Method* Whatissuggestopedia? * Whyisitcalledso?* Somes of its objectivesII/ Principlesuponwhich the MethodisBasedIII/ Teacher’sRole vs. Learner’sRoleIV/ The Process of Suggestopedic Courses *Classroom set-up *SyllabusV/ Strengths vs. Weaknesses of SuggestopediaVI/ Comparison with Previous Methods
“Once upon a time a Bulgarian psychiatrist and educator named GeorgiLozanov was desperate to find an efficient way to teach his students, he used to sit in a café and think all the time, but in vain. One day, while he was in the bathroom shaving, he had this brilliant idea…Suggestopedia.
New focus on the learner on the teaching experience: a humanistic approach
What do you think of the following statement?
“Learning is a matter of attitude, not aptitude.”GeorgiLozanov
Suggestopedia is a portmanteau of the words “suggestion” and “pedagogy".
Suggestopedia or as it was later called desuggestopaedia is a method of (FL) teaching developed in the 1970s by the Bulgarian medical doctor, hypnotist, and psychology professor Dr. GeorgiLozanov .
It is used in different fields, but mostly in the field of foreign language learning.
GeorgiLozanov, the originator of this method, has claimed that by using this method students can learn a language at a much faster rate, approximately three to five times as quickly as through conventional teaching methods.
Advocates of this method believe that the human brain could process great quantities of material given the right conditions of learning like relaxation.
Not so much aptitude as attitude
“The reason for our inefficiency, Lozanov asserts, is that we set up psychological barriers to learning: We fear that we will be unable to perform , that we will be limited in our ability to learn , that we will fail. One result is that we do not use the full mental powers that we have.”
“According to Lozanov and others, we may be using only five to ten percent of our mental capacity. In order to make better use of our reserved capacity, the limitations we think we have need to be 'desuggested‘. Desuggesropedia; ' the application of the study of suggestion to pedagogy, has been developed to help students eliminate the feeling that they cannot be successful or the negative association they may have toward studying and, thus, to help them overcome the barriers to learning.”
Desuggest (overcome) the psychological barriers to learn a foreign language (in particular learning vocabulary and conversation) so asto accelerate the process by which students learn to use a foreign language for everyday communication.
This is known as Lowering the affective filter of learners.
In brief, the main objective is to accelerate the process by which student learn a F language.
What are some characteristics of the teaching/learning process?
Material / equipment
A Relaxing andrichsensorylearning environment:
A Cheerful environment facilitates the learning process
This avant-garde method is sub conscious and uses melodic and artistic background. In particular, it makes use of music, visual images and relaxation exercises to make learning more comfortable and effective.
The classroom is bright and cheerful
Armchairs , decorations,
There are pillows and cushions on the floor.
Colorful posters on the wall, displaying natural scenes as well as grammatical information about the target language in order to take advantage of students' peripheral learning.
Students learn easily and effectively from what is presented to them in their environment.
Music is an important part of the classroom ambiance. During the learning process, soft baroque music is played. Baroque music has a specific rhythm& a pattern of sixty beats per minute.
It creates a level of relaxed concentration that facilitates the intake of huge quantities of material.
The teacher should give students the impression that learning is easy and enjoyable
Infantilisation: the teacher and students exist in a parent-children relationship where, to remove barriers to learning. Learners are encouraged to behave as “childlike” as possible.
Students feel more secure when adopting new identity. It allows them to feel less inhibited.
The teacher integrates direct and indirect suggestions into the learning situation.
According to Lozanov ideal teacher’s behavior should be one of:
Pros & Cons
Advantages with using Suggestopedia
Suggestopedia suggests unusual learning techniques which are quite different from those in a usual class
˙ Comfortable learning environment (bright & colorful classrooms, lively and playful interaction)
Increased oral proficiency
˙ Lower classroom anxiety
Anaffective-humanistic approach, an approach in which there is respect for students' feelings.
“if students are relaxed and confident, they will not need to try hard to learn the language as learning the language will just come easily and naturally” (Larsen and Freeman: 1985)
Desuggest limitations: teach lengthy dialogues through musical accompaniment, playful practice, and the arts.
Easy and natural
The use of student’s native language if he/she did not understand
Speaking & listening communicatively
- Teacher makes direct suggestion to appeal to student conscious learning, and indirect suggestion to appeal to students' feeling to be secured.
- Students become more willing to communicate as teachers will not try to correct errors.
*Odd or illogical ( the exaggeration of intonation or rhythm)
* The longer the more boring it becomes.
The techniques may not work well for all the learners and in cultures.
Suggestopedia ignores mechanical activities in internalizing the grammar rules or the vocabulary items
˙The classroom needs to have a minimum of equipments such as posters, music facilities, etc. since suggestopedia is a method where the materials play a big role in order to achieve the objective of the lesson.
The conditions are not always possible˙
Even if it’s for beginners, suggstopedia means that many childen will be excluded
Discuss the adaptability of suggestopedia to the Moroccan context ( public education)
Baroque (Relating to or denoting a style of European architecture, music, and art of the 17th and 18th centuries that followed mannerism and is characterized by ornate detail. Major composers include Vivaldi, Bach, and Handel; Caravaggio and Rubens are important baroque artists)
(Adapted from: Richards & Rodgers 2001 Approaches & Methods in Language Teaching Cambridge)