Integrated Justice: The Big PictureArizona Digital Government Summit Karl Heckart AZ Supreme Court May 2005
Sessions • Integrated Justice : The Big Picture • Integrated Justice: Evolutionary Steps • Integrated Justice: Operational Realities
The Goal • Provide complete, accurate, and timely information to justice system decision-makers, when, where, and how they need it • Identity • Location • Legal status • Background • Policy information
SEX OFFENDER: YES WEAPONS PROHIBITED NAME: DOB: Jon Lee Beasley 12/8/52 WARRANTS Dakota County Felony 1/1/99 Hennepin County Misdemeanor 2/5/99 Carver County Gross Msdr 5/5/99 MISDEMEANORS Domestic Assault 3/3/97 Assault 2/15/94 DWI 7/4/93 DWI 9/15/92 PRE-TRIAL RELEASE Ramsey 11/99 Hennepin 6/99 Dakota 5/99 FELONY CONVICTION RECORD Crim Sex Conduct 1 12/98 Assault with Weapon 3/96 Burglary Occupied 6/94 JUVENILE FELONY RECORD YES PROBATION Hennepin Scott Dakota DomesticRestraining Orders: Y
Why? • Our justice system was designed in a time when people and information could move no faster than the speed of a horse. • The volume and complexity of the work were much lower. • A county-based justice system was good enough.
AZ Criminal Info • Though based on positive AFIS identification, the individual’s AFIS record may be based on false information, such as incorrect names, dates of birth and social security numbers. • As much as 65% of the charges made against individuals may not get into the ACCH repository at all. • It is possible that an individual can commit a homicide, be charged, found guilty and sentenced, and never have it appear on their Criminal History Record Information. • A person can be arrested and detained for a crime he/she did not commit, be completely exonerated, and yet still have a criminal history record for the crime. • An individual can be arrested using anyone else’s name and demographic information, and cause an AZ AFIS record to be created and establish an unsuspecting and innocent person as a criminal.
AZ Criminal Info • Of the charges that do get into the ACCH, only 60% or fewer of these charges are ultimately completed with a disposition, rendering the other 40% incomplete, thus unusable. • The lack of charges with dispositions results in the release of repeat offenders who would have otherwise remained in custody or received enhanced charges. • Of the charges that do get into the ACCH, many may be duplicated due to the manual processing of the information, resulting in falsely inflated records for individuals. • Because the Disposition Reporting process is manual, and coupled to paper forms, the process has an indefinite time line to completion making it all but impossible to track or account for as cases can take from hours to years to complete.
Modern Factors • Criminal activity is no longer confined to a single county or state. • Criminals today can move much faster than the speed of a horse, while information moves much slower than the speed of a horse. • Information is needed statewide and nationwide not just countywide. • Paper cannot move information far enough or fast enough to meet justice system needs
Conclusions • Justice system officials do not have the information they need to make informed decisions • Justice and public safety is an information dependent enterprise that operates (at a cost of billions $$) with little or noinformation!!! • The information that we do have often does not arrive in time to make a difference
Consequences? • Treat career criminals as first-time offenders • Release people who should not be released • Sell handguns to people who are barred from purchasing handguns • Inappropriate charging, plea agreement, disposition, sentencing, classification, treatment, placement, and other decisions
Kerry Dean StevensonDate of Birth: 04/29/58 AKA Kerry Dean Geller Keith Allen Brummer Bob Stevenson Robert Mark Geller James Heidelberg Richard Lee Olson Bob Geller Robert James Stevenson Eric Allen Johnson Alias Dates of Birth: 03/29/55, 05/11/58, 01/24/61, 05/05/55, 04/29/55, 03/27/48, 04/24/54
Year Convicted of: County Status: Crt file # 1983 Indecent Conduct Hennepin CCH CAG# 83080022 1984 DWI Hennepin CCH 1535155 1985 Indecent Conduct Anoka Not in CCH K1-85-1172 1986 Indecent Conduct Hennepin CCH CAG# 86109522 1986 Indecent Conduct Ramsey Suspense Pre-TCIS? 1986 DWI Hennepin Suspense CAG# 86121271 1987 Indecent conduct Anoka Suspense KX-87-7525 1987 Indecent conduct Anoka Suspense K9-87-7967 1988 Indecent Exposure Hennepin CCH CAG# 87151375 1989 Indecent Exposure Hennepin CCH 89056658 1989 Gross Misd DWI Pine Suspense K8-89-534 1991 Agg Viol – DL Susp Hennepin CCH 91040704 1992 Indecent Conduct Anoka Suspense K8-92-8512 1993 Indecent Conduct Ramsey Suspense KX-93-759 1993 Indecent Conduct Ramsey Suspense K6-93-757 1993 Indecent Exposure Hennepin Suspense CAG # 93022196 1993 Escape from custody Hennepin Suspense CAG# 93511838 1994 Theft by check Ramsey Not in CCH K7-94-82 1997 Crim Sex Conduct 5th Ramsey Suspense K2-97-2658 1998 Crim Sex Conduct 5th Hennepin Suspense CAG# 97208852 2000 Crim Sex Conduct 5th Anoka Found Guilty – Sentencing scheduled KX-00-6209 Total Offenses: 21 On State Criminal History Data Base: 6
The Problem of Autonomy • Over 500 criminal justice organizations in Arizona • Over 55,000 criminal justice organizations in US • Each makes independent decisions about work processes and data structure • Every time we move information between two of these organizations, it is like lifting the train body off the wheel sets
The Problem of Autonomy • Independent organizations • Constitution • Political • Organization • Budget • Interdependent organizations • Operations
Consequences? • Decisions about business processes and information are made independently in silos • Decisions made in one justice organization often hurt other organizations • There is no enterprise strategy for delivering information to justice system officials • Automation may improve internal efficiency while impeding the overall performance of the justice system
The Real Problem • 1000 felonies • 500 not reported • 400 not solved • 100 suspects arrested (35 juvenile, 65 adult) • 30 juveniles dismissed or probation • 5 juveniles incarcerated • 23 adults plead guilty, 4 convicted • 18 adults incarcerated
Solution? Integrated Justice Information!
Law Enforcement Jail Booking Prosecutor Security AZ AFIS Justice Info Portal Pre-Booking System Interagency Case Index Info Repository Internet Published Data Disposition Report Mgmnt ACCH Corrections Trial Court Public Defender ACJC Integration Vision
Benefits • Improved operational efficiency. • Increased accuracy and completeness of disposition reporting. • Improved decision making through complete/accurate criminal history information. • Increased accuracy and consistency of information being delivered throughout the criminal justice process. • Increased accountability for actions, accuracy and timeliness.
Impediments • Cost • $30 + million to build • $??? Operate • Legacy Systems • Aging, Inflexible State Systems • So many Local Systems • Coordinated Business Process • Sustaining Political Commitment
Milestones • Initiation and Governance • Planning • Performance Measures • Analyze Information Exchange • Standards • Architecture • Infrastructure • Applications • Interfaces • Evaluate Success
Steps to Success • Find Champions • Needed at all levels • Get Stakeholders Committed • Find & Utilize Leveragable Resources • Map the Process & Data Flow • Gain Momentum - Identify a significant problem that’s easy to fix & fix it. • Evolution not Revolution • Emphasize Flexibility - Design for Change • Focus on Interdependence
Resources:Az Criminal Justice Comm.www.acjc.state.az.usCheng, Eddy ECheng@acjc.state.az.usSEARCHwww.search.org