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Integrated Justice: The Big Picture Arizona Digital Government Summit. Karl Heckart AZ Supreme Court May 2005. Sessions. Integrated Justice : The Big Picture Integrated Justice: Evolutionary Steps Integrated Justice: Operational Realities. The Goal.

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integrated justice the big picture arizona digital government summit

Integrated Justice: The Big PictureArizona Digital Government Summit

Karl Heckart

AZ Supreme Court

May 2005

sessions
Sessions
  • Integrated Justice : The Big Picture
  • Integrated Justice: Evolutionary Steps
  • Integrated Justice: Operational Realities
the goal
The Goal
  • Provide complete, accurate, and timely information to justice system decision-makers, when, where, and how they need it
    • Identity
    • Location
    • Legal status
    • Background
    • Policy information
slide4

SEX

OFFENDER:

YES

WEAPONS

PROHIBITED

NAME:

DOB:

Jon Lee Beasley

12/8/52

WARRANTS

Dakota County Felony 1/1/99

Hennepin County Misdemeanor 2/5/99

Carver County Gross Msdr 5/5/99

MISDEMEANORS

Domestic Assault 3/3/97

Assault 2/15/94

DWI 7/4/93

DWI 9/15/92

PRE-TRIAL

RELEASE

Ramsey 11/99

Hennepin 6/99

Dakota 5/99

FELONY

CONVICTION RECORD

Crim Sex Conduct 1 12/98

Assault with Weapon 3/96

Burglary Occupied 6/94

JUVENILE

FELONY

RECORD

YES

PROBATION

Hennepin

Scott

Dakota

DomesticRestraining Orders: Y

slide5
Why?
  • Our justice system was designed in a time when people and information could move no faster than the speed of a horse.
  • The volume and complexity of the work were much lower.
  • A county-based justice system was good enough.
az criminal info
AZ Criminal Info
  • Though based on positive AFIS identification, the individual’s AFIS record may be based on false information, such as incorrect names, dates of birth and social security numbers.
  • As much as 65% of the charges made against individuals may not get into the ACCH repository at all.
  • It is possible that an individual can commit a homicide, be charged, found guilty and sentenced, and never have it appear on their Criminal History Record Information.
  • A person can be arrested and detained for a crime he/she did not commit, be completely exonerated, and yet still have a criminal history record for the crime.
  • An individual can be arrested using anyone else’s name and demographic information, and cause an AZ AFIS record to be created and establish an unsuspecting and innocent person as a criminal.
az criminal info1
AZ Criminal Info
  • Of the charges that do get into the ACCH, only 60% or fewer of these charges are ultimately completed with a disposition, rendering the other 40% incomplete, thus unusable.
  • The lack of charges with dispositions results in the release of repeat offenders who would have otherwise remained in custody or received enhanced charges.
  • Of the charges that do get into the ACCH, many may be duplicated due to the manual processing of the information, resulting in falsely inflated records for individuals.
  • Because the Disposition Reporting process is manual, and coupled to paper forms, the process has an indefinite time line to completion making it all but impossible to track or account for as cases can take from hours to years to complete.
modern factors
Modern Factors
  • Criminal activity is no longer confined to a single county or state.
  • Criminals today can move much faster than the speed of a horse, while information moves much slower than the speed of a horse.
  • Information is needed statewide and nationwide not just countywide.
  • Paper cannot move information far enough or fast enough to meet justice system needs
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Justice system officials do not have the information they need to make informed decisions
  • Justice and public safety is an information dependent enterprise that operates (at a cost of billions $$) with little or noinformation!!!
  • The information that we do have often does not arrive in time to make a difference
consequences
Consequences?
  • Treat career criminals as first-time offenders
  • Release people who should not be released
  • Sell handguns to people who are barred from purchasing handguns
  • Inappropriate charging, plea agreement, disposition, sentencing, classification, treatment, placement, and other decisions
kerry dean stevenson date of birth 04 29 58
Kerry Dean StevensonDate of Birth: 04/29/58

AKA

Kerry Dean Geller

Keith Allen Brummer

Bob Stevenson

Robert Mark Geller

James Heidelberg

Richard Lee Olson

Bob Geller

Robert James Stevenson

Eric Allen Johnson

Alias Dates of Birth:

03/29/55, 05/11/58, 01/24/61,

05/05/55, 04/29/55, 03/27/48, 04/24/54

slide12

Year

Convicted of:

County

Status:

Crt file #

1983

Indecent Conduct

Hennepin

CCH

CAG# 83080022

1984

DWI

Hennepin

CCH

1535155

1985

Indecent Conduct

Anoka

Not in CCH

K1-85-1172

1986

Indecent Conduct

Hennepin

CCH

CAG# 86109522

1986

Indecent Conduct

Ramsey

Suspense

Pre-TCIS?

1986

DWI

Hennepin

Suspense

CAG#

86121271

1987

Indecent conduct

Anoka

Suspense

KX-87-7525

1987

Indecent conduct

Anoka

Suspense

K9-87-7967

1988

Indecent Exposure

Hennepin

CCH

CAG#

87151375

1989

Indecent Exposure

Hennepin

CCH

89056658

1989

Gross Misd DWI

Pine

Suspense

K8-89-534

1991

Agg Viol – DL Susp

Hennepin

CCH

91040704

1992

Indecent Conduct

Anoka

Suspense

K8-92-8512

1993

Indecent Conduct

Ramsey

Suspense

KX-93-759

1993

Indecent Conduct

Ramsey

Suspense

K6-93-757

1993

Indecent Exposure

Hennepin

Suspense

CAG # 93022196

1993

Escape from custody

Hennepin

Suspense

CAG#

93511838

1994

Theft by check

Ramsey

Not in CCH

K7-94-82

1997

Crim Sex Conduct 5th

Ramsey

Suspense

K2-97-2658

1998

Crim Sex Conduct 5th

Hennepin

Suspense

CAG#

97208852

2000

Crim Sex Conduct 5th

Anoka

Found Guilty – Sentencing scheduled

KX-00-6209

Total Offenses: 21

On State Criminal History Data Base: 6

the problem of autonomy
The Problem of Autonomy
  • Over 500 criminal justice organizations in Arizona
  • Over 55,000 criminal justice organizations in US
  • Each makes independent decisions about work processes and data structure
  • Every time we move information between two of these organizations, it is like lifting the train body off the wheel sets
the problem of autonomy1
The Problem of Autonomy
  • Independent organizations
    • Constitution
    • Political
    • Organization
    • Budget
  • Interdependent organizations
    • Operations
consequences1
Consequences?
  • Decisions about business processes and information are made independently in silos
  • Decisions made in one justice organization often hurt other organizations
  • There is no enterprise strategy for delivering information to justice system officials
  • Automation may improve internal efficiency while impeding the overall performance of the justice system
the real problem
The Real Problem
  • 1000 felonies
  • 500 not reported
  • 400 not solved
  • 100 suspects arrested (35 juvenile, 65 adult)
  • 30 juveniles dismissed or probation
  • 5 juveniles incarcerated
  • 23 adults plead guilty, 4 convicted
  • 18 adults incarcerated
solution
Solution?

Integrated Justice Information!

acjc integration vision

Law

Enforcement

Jail

Booking

Prosecutor

Security

AZ

AFIS

Justice Info Portal

Pre-Booking

System

Interagency Case Index

Info

Repository

Internet

Published Data

Disposition Report Mgmnt

ACCH

Corrections

Trial Court

Public

Defender

ACJC Integration Vision
benefits
Benefits
  • Improved operational efficiency.
  • Increased accuracy and completeness of disposition reporting.
  • Improved decision making through complete/accurate criminal history information.
  • Increased accuracy and consistency of information being delivered throughout the criminal justice process.
  • Increased accountability for actions, accuracy and timeliness.
impediments
Impediments
  • Cost
    • $30 + million to build
    • $??? Operate
  • Legacy Systems
    • Aging, Inflexible State Systems
    • So many Local Systems
  • Coordinated Business Process
  • Sustaining Political Commitment
milestones
Milestones
  • Initiation and Governance
  • Planning
  • Performance Measures
  • Analyze Information Exchange
  • Standards
  • Architecture
  • Infrastructure
  • Applications
  • Interfaces
  • Evaluate Success
steps to success
Steps to Success
  • Find Champions
    • Needed at all levels
  • Get Stakeholders Committed
  • Find & Utilize Leveragable Resources
  • Map the Process & Data Flow
  • Gain Momentum - Identify a significant problem that’s easy to fix & fix it.
  • Evolution not Revolution
  • Emphasize Flexibility - Design for Change
  • Focus on Interdependence
slide23

Resources:Az Criminal Justice Comm.www.acjc.state.az.usCheng, Eddy ECheng@acjc.state.az.usSEARCHwww.search.org