The Crisis in Funding for Public Education. A Washington State PTA Presentation March 30, 2007. Your child’s opportunities are limited because the state does not fully fund basic education. PTA’s Main Message. Overview. Underfunding basic education affects all children.
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A Washington State PTA Presentation
March 30, 2007
PTA’s Main Message
Wanna buy a candy bar for my school?
Washington State’s per-pupil funding has lagged behind the national average at least since 1995.
Source: U.S. Dept. of Education, Digest of Education Statistics 2005, Table 167.
The State’s per-pupil funding has not kept up with inflation since 1992.
Source: OSPI’s Five Year Strategic Plan 2002-07
Three different expert studies on the cost of a quality education all say
the state’s per-pupil funding is less than what’s needed.
Expert Source: See the notes for this slide.
In the Seattle area, most private high schools’ tuition is greater
than the state’s per-pupil funding of $7,876.
Private High School Tuition in School Year 2005-06
Source: The Seattle Times School Guide (2006) OSPI per-pupil funding for 2004-05.
More Students with Greater Needs
Source: U.S. Census 2004. Cited by Edfund. Learn and Earn Chart 2005
“It is the paramount duty of the state to make ample provision for the education of all children residing within its borders…”
But The Legislature has not revised the funding formulas for basic education since 1978!
Rank of the 65 Districts* that Were Below the Average Per-Pupil Funding
Source: LEAP Document 12E Salary Allocations for the 2006-07 School Year
The Actual Cost of Student Needs
Programs for students in poverty cost at
least twice as much as regular education.
Programs for students in poverty only provide
an additional 7% to 17%.
to protect instructional programs by initially
targeting administrative and support
services, particularly maintenance.
However, if these programs have already
been the subject of cuts in previous years
and are already at low levels, it may become necessary to reduce expenditures for instructional programs as well.”1
Limited revenues and increasing costs have forced some districts to make hard decisions:
Follow the trail of likely budget cuts
Textbooks and Student Materials
Career and Technical Education
Core Classroom Teachers
Math and Science Teachers
Special Ed Teachers
Source: OSPI for current staffing. Picus et al for recommended staffing. See notes.
Nonemployee-Related Costs (NERC) include instructional costs for textbooks and computers and facility costs for electricity, heating, and water/sewage.
Basic Education Programs
Currently six programs fall within the legislative definition of basic education, and therefore must be funded by the state:
1. General apportionment;
2. Special education for students with disabilities;
3. Some pupil transportation;
4. Learning Assistance Program;
5. Transitional Bilingual Education;
6. Educational programs in juvenile detention centers and state institutions.
Proposals on Basic Education