BIRD CLASSIFICATION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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BIRD CLASSIFICATION

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  1. BIRD CLASSIFICATION

  2. BIRDS • Birds are classified as members of Class Aves. • The major characteristics of this class are: • Adaptations for flight • Appendages modified as wings • Feathers • Endothermy • High metabolic rate • Vertebral column modified for flight • Bones lightened by air spaces • Bill • No teeth

  3. ORDER SPHENISCIFORMES • Heavy body • Flightless • Flipperlike wings for swimming • Well-insulated with fat • Example: penguins

  4. ORDER STRUTHIONIFORMES • Large and flightless • Wings have many fluffy plumes • Example: ostrich

  5. ORDER GAVIIFORMES • Strong, straight bill • Adapted for diving (legs far back on body, webbed feet, heavy bones). • Example: Loons

  6. ORDER PODICIPEDIFORMES • Short wings • Soft and dense feathers • Webbed feet with flattened nails • Example: Grebes

  7. ORDER PROCELLARIIFORMES • Tubular nostrils • Large nasal glands • Long and narrow wings • Example: Albatross

  8. ORDER PELECANIFORMES • 4 toes joined in common web • Nostrils usually absent • Large gular sac • Examples: Pelicans, Boobies

  9. ORDER CICONIIFORMES • Long neck, often folded in flight • Long-legged waders • Examples: Storks, Flamingos

  10. ORDER ANSERIFORMES • Wide, flat bill • Undercoat of dense down • Webbed feet • Examples: Ducks, Geese, Swans

  11. ORDER FALCONIFORMES • Strong, hooked beak • Large wings • Raptor-like feet • Examples: Falcons, Vultures, Hawks, Eagles

  12. ORDER GALLIFORMES • Short beak • Short, concave wings • Strong feet and claws • Examples: Quail, pheasants, turkeys

  13. ORDER GRUIFORMES • Many different characteristics. • Example: Crane

  14. ORDER CHARADRIIFORMES • Many different characteristics. • Examples: Shorebirds, Gulls

  15. ORDER COLUMBIFORMES • Dense feathers loosely set in skin • Well-developed crop • Examples: Pigeons, Doves

  16. ORDER PSITTACIFORMES • Jaw hinged to skull • Thick tongue • Reversible 4th toe • Usually brightly colored • Examples: Parrots, Lories, Macaws

  17. ORDER CUCULIFORMES • Reversible 4th toe • Soft, tender skin • Examples: Roadrunners, Cuckoos

  18. ORDER STRIGIFORMES • Large head with eyes directed forward • Raptor-like foot • Examples: Owls

  19. ORDER CAPRIMULGIFORMES • Owl-like head and plumage • Weak bill and feet • Beak with wide gape • Insectivore • Examples: Whipporwills

  20. ORDER APODIFORMES • Long wings • Weak feet • Examples: Hummingbirds

  21. ORDER CORACIIFORMES • Large head • Large beak • Metallic plumage • Examples: Kingfishers, Bee eaters

  22. ORDER PICIFORMES • Usually long strong beak • Strong legs and feet with fourth toe permanently reversed in woodpeckers • Examples: Woodpeckers, Toucans