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Slide1 l.jpg

HTML (Hyper Tax Markup Language

AND

CSS(Cascading Style Sheet)

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Command Innovative Technologies


Introduction of html l.jpg
Introduction of HTML

  • Short for Hyper Text Markup Language, the authoring language used to create documents on the World Wide Web. 

  • Hyper Text is the method by which you move around on the web — by clicking on special text called hyperlinks which bring you to the next page. The fact that it is hyper just means it is not linear — i.e. you can go to any place on the Internet whenever you want by clicking on links — there is no set order to do things in.

  • Markup is what HTML tags do to the text inside them. They mark it as a certain type of text (italicised text, bold text for example).

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What is html tags l.jpg
What is HTML Tags ?

  • HTML markup tags are usually called HTML tags

  • HTML tags are keywords surrounded by angle brackets like <html>

  • HTML tags normally come in pairs like <b> and </b>

  • The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is the end tag

  • Start and end tags are also called opening tags and closing tags

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Attribute Example

  • HTML links are defined with the <a> tag. The link address is specified in the href attribute:

  • <a href="http://www.google.com">This is a link</a>

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Your first html example l.jpg
Your First HTML Example

<html>

<head>

<title>First Program</title>

</head>

<body>

<!-- The main part of your web page. -->

</body>

</html>

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Explanation

<html>Tag :

The root element that specifies that the content of the document is HTML. The html element must contain the head and the body elements.

<head> Tag :

The header of an HTML document where information about the document is placed. You must use the title element within the head element and meta, style, script, link can also be used.

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Continue

<body> Tag :

  • The main body of an HTML document where all of the content is placed. You must use this element and it should be used just once. It must start immediately after the closing head tag and end directly before the closing html tag.

    <title> Tag :

  • Defines the title of a page. You must have a title element to produce a valid document and it must be placed within the head element.

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Html body Tag Attributes

  • alink - Use styles instead. Specifies the color of an active link in a document

  • background - Use styles instead. Specifies a background image for a document

  • bgcolor - Specifies the background color of a document

  • link - Specifies the default color of unvisited links in a document

  • text - Specifies the color of the text in a document

  • vlink - Specifies the color of the visited links in a document

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Example

<html>

<head>

<title>H1 To H6 Example</title>

<body bgcolor="pink">

<font color="green"><h1>VaaYaaEdutech.com</font></h1>

<font color="white"><h2> VaaYaaEdutech.com </font></h2>

<font color="orange"><h3> VaaYaaEdutech.com </font></h3>

<font color="purple"><h4> VaaYaaEdutech.com </font></h4>

<font color="red"><h5> VaaYaaEdutech.com </font></h5>

<font color="black"><h6> VaaYaaEdutech.com </font></h6>

</body>

</html>

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Sub tag l.jpg
<sub> Tag

  • Use for to subscript the value.

  • Example

    <html>

    <head>

    <title>Subscript example</title>

    <body bgcolor="pink">

    <p>VaaYaa <sub>Edu.com</sub></p>

    </body></html>

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Out put l.jpg
Out put

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Sup tag l.jpg
<sup> Tag

  • Use for to supperscript the value.

  • Example

    <html>

    <head>

    <title>Supperscript example</title>

    <body bgcolor="pink">

    <h1><p>H<sup>2</h1></sup></p>

    </body>

    </html>

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Br tag l.jpg
<br> Tag

  • A line break. The <br> tag is an empty tag which means that it has no end tag.

  • Example

    <html>

    <head>

    <title>pre tag</title>

    </head>

    <body bgcolor=pink>

    <p><h1>My name is xyz<br />

    and I am Indian</h1></p>

    </body></html>

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<br> Tag

  • A line break.

  • <html>

  • <head>

  • <title>pre tag</title>

  • </head>

  • <body bgcolor=pink>

  • <p><h1>My name is xyz<br />

  • and I am Indian</h1></p>

  • </body></html>

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Introduction of CSS

  • What is the full form of CSS?

    Cascading Style Sheet

  • Why we use CSS?

  • We use CSS to control the style and layout of multiple Web pages all at once.

  • HTML was never intended to contain tags for formatting a document.

  • HTML was intended to define the content of a document, like:

  • <h1>This is a heading</h1>

  • <p>This is a paragraph.</p>

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Continue…

  • What is CSS?

  • CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets

  • Styles define how to display HTML elements

  • External Style Sheets can save a lot of work

  • External Style Sheets are stored in CSS files

  • How to write comment ?

  • A CSS comment begins with "/*", and ends with "*/", like this:

    /*This is a comment*/p{text-align:center;/*This is another comment*/color:black;font-family:arial;}

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CSS Styling

Background-color :

transparent(default),inherit

Background-position :

left top,leftcenter,leftbottom,right top ,right center,

right bottom,center top ,center ,center bottom

Background-size :

  • Specifies the size of the background images

  • %

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<html>

<head>

<style type="text/css">

body

{

background-image:url("Blue hills.jpg");

background-color:pink;

background-repeat:no-repeat;

background-attachment:fixed;

background-position:center;

}

</style>

</head>

<body>

</body>

</html>

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Margin

  • margin:25px 50px 75px 100px;

    • top margin is 25px

    • right margin is 50px

    • bottom margin is 75px

    • left margin is 100px

  • margin:25px 50px 75px;

    • top margin is 25px

    • right and left margins are 50px

    • bottom margin is 75px

  • margin:25px 50px;

    • top and bottom margins are 25px

    • right and left margins are 50px

  • margin:25px;

    • all four margins are 25px

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Vaayaa edu l.jpg
VaaYaaEdu

  • VaaYaaEducation – Training And Placement,A/1/A, 3rd Floor, VaaYaa Lobby,Chinubhai Tower, Next to H K College,Ashram Road, Income Tax,Gujarat, Ahmedabad- 380009

  • Call Us Now: +919586979730

  • vaayaaedu@gmail.com


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  • VaaYaaEdutech – Training And Placement,A/1/A, 3rd Floor, VaaYaa Lobby,Chinubhai Tower, Next to H K College,Ashram Road, Income Tax,Gujarat, Ahmedabad- 380009

  • Call Us Now: +919586979730

  • vaayaaedu@gmail.com


Slide22 l.jpg

  • VaaYaaEdutech – Training And Placement,A/1/A, 3rd Floor, VaaYaa Lobby,Chinubhai Tower, Next to H K College,Ashram Road, Income Tax,Gujarat, Ahmedabad- 380009

  • Call Us Now: +919586979730

  • vaayaaedu@gmail.com


Slide23 l.jpg

  • VaaYaaEdutech – Training And Placement,A/1/A, 3rd Floor, VaaYaa Lobby,Chinubhai Tower, Next to H K College,Ashram Road, Income Tax,Gujarat, Ahmedabad- 380009

  • Call Us Now: +919586979730

  • vaayaaedu@gmail.com