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Writing the Introduction to the Study. Agenda. This presentation will include: Overview of capstone process (after completion of coursework and/or KAMs) Descriptions of content DBA doctoral study EdD doctoral study (project and research options) PhD dissertation

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agenda
Agenda

This presentation will include:

Overview of capstone process (after completion of coursework and/or KAMs)

Descriptions of content

  • DBA doctoral study
  • EdD doctoral study (project and research options)
  • PhD dissertation

Tips on writing drafts, seeking feedback, and taking advantage of all resources

capstone process after kams and or courses
Capstone process (after KAMs and/or courses)

Prospectus Describes research; helps you form committee

http://writingcenter.waldenu.edu/399.htm

http://researchcenter.waldenu.edu/

(prospectus forms for DBA, EdD, or PhD)

Proposal (APA 6th edition)

DBA doctoral study: Sections 1 and 2

EdD doctoral study (project): Sections 1 and 2

EdD doctoral study (research): Sections 1, 2, 3

PhD dissertation: Chapters 1, 2, and 3

(All include abstract, reference list, appendices)

IRB application Dissertation or doctoral study

capstone documents rubric and template
Capstone documents: Rubric and template
  • Dissertation or doctoral study rubric: Center for Research Support
  • Dissertation or doctoral study template: Writing Center
dba project study section 1 foundation of the study
Helps readers understand what to expect in your study.

Subheadings

Background Operational Definitions

Problem Statement Assumptions, Limitations,

Purpose Statement and Delimitations

Nature of the Study Significance of the Study

Research Questions Review of Professional

(and Hypotheses--quant.) and Academic Literature

Theoretical (quant.) or Summary

Conceptual Framework (qual.)

DBA project studySection 1: Foundation of the Study
dba opening material
DBA Opening material

Foundation of the Study (section 1 title)

1 pg. statementof focus and need of study; justify scholarly value to the field.

Background

1 pg. overview of context or attributes of the problem (applied business practice)

dba problem statement
DBA Problem Statement

Hook: Includes citation from the literature

Anchor: Includes citation from the literature

General business problem: Describes overall issue, situational dynamics, or related factors

Specific business problem: Provides precise statement of what will be explored in the study

About 100-200 words

dba purpose statement
DBA Purpose Statement

Describe

  • Research method (qual., quant., or mixed) and design
  • Research variables: independent/dependent (experimental study) or correlation (relationships, comparison)
  • Specific population and location (justify)
  • Study’s potential for social and business practice change

 Approximately 250-350 words

dba nature of the study and research questions
DBA Nature of the Study and Research Questions

Nature of the Study

Discuss reason for selecting method (qual., quant., or mixed) and design (particular to method)

Cite one source; direct reader to details in section 2

Research Questions

  • Overarching question(s) to reveal how (process, perceptions), why (causation), or what (impediments, support); in 10-15 words, what do you want to learn?
  • Not interview questions for participants but questions to ask yourself; list interview questions separately.

Hypotheses (quant/mixed method only): H1o, H1a

dba framework and operational definitions
DBA Framework and Operational Definitions

Framework: Ideas from literature that form basis for study.

Theoretical base (quantitative)

Conceptual framework (qualitative)

Describe the management theory, author, date; how it has been used in another study; how it applies to yours.

Operational Definitions: List technical terms or special word uses

Alphabetical order; indented in italics

Citations of definitions required from peer reviewed journals or professional magazines (no dictionary definitions)

dba assumptions limitations and delimitations and significance
DBA Assumptions, Limitations, and Delimitations and Significance

Assumptions: Facts assumed to be true (not verified)

Limitations: Potential weaknesses of the study

Delimitations: Bounds of the study

Significance of the Study

How study could fill gaps in business understanding and practice

How results might contribute to positive social change and improvement of business practice

dba literature review and summary
DBA Literature Review and Summary

See Literature Review webinar

Offered live in February, July, and December 2012

Archived at http://writingcenter.waldenu.edu/26.htm

Summary

Brief review of key (not all) points; do not list headings

Overview of remaining sections

Clear transition to section 2.

edd project option section 1 the problem
Helps readers understand what to expect in your study.

Subheadings

Local Problem Review of the Literature

Special Terms Implications

Significance of the Problem Summary

Research Questions

EdD project optionSection 1: The Problem
edd project option local problem and special terms
EdD project optionLocal Problem and Special Terms

Local Problem

2-4 pp. summary of local problem

Include mention of setting, population, and rationale (justification) for studying this problem

Special Terms

List technical terms or special word uses associated with problem

Alphabetical order; indented in italics

Support with citations.

edd project option problem statement language
EdD project optionProblem Statement (language)

EdD template language for first draft (basic)

There is a significant problem in this rural school district. That problem, specifically, is the achievement gap.

EdD proposal final draft (detailed):

Sixth-grade students in this rural school district failed to achieve state standards in math in 2010. Lack of funding for middle-school math teachers’ ongoing development could be one reason. This qualitative study...

One paragraph to one page

edd project option significance and research question
EdD project optionSignificance and Research Question

Significance of the Problem

Describe why the problem deserves closer study.

Research Questions

Summarize past research on the topic

Specify the local problem (briefly—not in as much detail as under the Local Problem heading above)

Identify gap in past research (as applicable) and the type of research needed to address local problem

edd project option lit review implications summary
EdD project optionLit Review, Implications, Summary

Literature Review webinar

Offered live in February, July, and December 2012

Archived at http://writingcenter.waldenu.edu/26.htm

Implications

Describe possible directions for project based on anticipated findings of data collection and analysis.

Summary

Brief review of key (not all) points; do not list headings

Overview of remaining sections

Clear transition to section 2.

phd chapter 1 and edd section 1 introduction to the study
Helps readers understand what to expect in your study.

Subheadings

Problem Statement Operational Definitions

Nature of the Study Assumptions

Research Questions Limitations

(and Hypotheses--quant.) Scope or delimitations

Purpose of the Study Significance of Study

Theoretical Base (quant.) or Transitional statement

Conceptual Framework (qual.)

PhD chapter 1 and EdD section 1Introduction to the Study
phd and edd research option opening and problem statement
PhD and EdD research option Opening and Problem Statement

Introduction to the Study (chapter/section 1 title heading)

2-4 pp. summary of local problem and rationale for studying it (EdD)

2-4 pp. summary of literature demonstrating gap (PhD)

Problem Statement

Quantitative: Describe at least two variables and conjectured relationship between them.

Qualitative: Describe need for increased understanding.

One paragraph to one page

phd and edd research option nature of the study
PhD and EdD research option Nature of the Study

Summary of methods

Select method to help answer research questions. What questions do you want to ask? (Discuss with committee)

Quantitative studies: Describe two or more variables and a conjectured relationship between them.

Qualitative studies: Describe need for greater understanding of this study topic.

Refer readers to detailed discussions in chapter/section 3.

phd and edd research option research questions
PhD and EdD research optionResearch Questions

Qualitative

Quantitative

Understand relationship between two+ variables

What is the relationship between A and B?

What is impact of X on Y?

Includes hypotheses

Study grounded in theory

Expand or understand a phenomenon

  • What is the nature of…?
  • What are the lived experiences of…?

Includes no hypotheses

Study driven by induction and exploration

phd and edd research option purpose of the study
PhD and EdD research optionPurpose of the Study

Logical, explicit statement:

The purpose of this study is [this].

One paragraph (approximately half a page)

phd and edd research option framework
PhD and EdD research optionFramework

Framework: Ideas from literature that form basis for study

Theoretical base (quantitative)

Conceptual framework (qualitative)

PhD: Ideas from the literature that provide basis for your proposed study

EdD research option: Ideas from the local setting that support or justify your proposed study.

phd and edd research option operational definitions
PhD and EdD research option Operational Definitions

Define technical terms, jargon, or familiar words used in specialized ways in your study

Alphabetical order; indented in italics

Do not define familiar definitions of familiar terms (e.g., data, perceptions).

phd and edd research option assumptions et cetera
PhD and EdD research optionAssumptions et cetera

Assumptions: Facts assumed to be true (not verified)

Limitations: Potential weaknesses of the study

Delimitations: Bounds of the study

Significance of the Study

  • PhD: How the study can fill gap in literature; potential positive social changes
  • EdD: How the study can be applied to local problem; potential for positive social change
phd and edd research option summary
PhD and EdD research optionSummary

Brief summary (1-2 para.) of key (not all)

points of the study—do not simply list headings;

Overview of remaining chapters/sections

Clear transition to chapter/section 2.

planning tips
Planning tips
  • Read other dissertations or doctoral studies (http://library.waldenu.edu/784.htm)
  • Write sections that you are in the mood to write—but write every day, if only an annotation.
  • Keep your work simple and clear by writing short sentences with varied sentence structure.
  • Seek help when you need it.
readers comments
Readers’ comments
  • Readers ask you to explain your ideas more clearly. Why?
  • You are immersed in your topic.
  • You know more about your topic than other educated readers in and outside of your field.
  • You may reasonably expect:
  • Criticism, questions, and corrections.
  • Comments asking you to explain more clearly or elaborate on your thoughts.
  • Rejection of document drafts, not of you.
before sending drafts to faculty
Before sending drafts to faculty…
  • 1. Check every box in rubric; edit every line of your work
  • 2. Ask an educated reader (not family or friends) to read it.
  • 3. Submit drafts to Writing Center editors.
  • Three reservations per student (total)

DBA project study and EdD project option

    • One review of Section 1 up to lit review
    • One review of Section 1 lit review only
    • One review of Section 2

EdD research option and PhD

    • One review each of Chs/Sections 1, 2, 3
    • Two reviews per calendar month
writing center reservations
Writing Center reservations

In your myWalden portal, click Academics tab

In Research & Resources, click Schedule an Appointment

Click the correct schedule:

Course papers, KAMs, prospectus, DBA 8100: Tutor

Proposal, EdD 9000 or 8090, DBA 9000: Editor

Questions?

writingsupport@waldenu.edu