five proofs for the existence of god by st thomas aquinas n.
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Five Proofs for the Existence of God – by St. Thomas Aquinas. Different Kinds of Truth. Humans try to find different truths. Scientific truth : known by experimentation and observation. Ice will melt when exposed to warmth. Rational truth : known by using reason and logic.

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different kinds of truth
Different Kinds of Truth

Humans try to find different truths.

  • Scientific truth: known by experimentation and observation. Ice will melt when exposed to warmth.
  • Rational truth: known by using reason and logic.
  • Theological truth: known only through faith. It can neither be proven scientifically or rationally.
who was st thomas aquinas
Who Was St. Thomas Aquinas?

St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) was a medieval philosopher and theologian who developed five proofs for the existence of God using reason as a basis for his argument.

proof 1 first mover
PROOF # 1 - FIRST MOVER:

What is moved must be moved by something else. There can't be an infinite series of movers. So there must be a first mover (a mover that isn't itself moved by another)

slide5

If I hit 12, then it will hit 11 and then it will hit 14 which will hit 7 and then it will hit 3 and then…side pocket!

proof 2 first cause
PROOF # 2 – FIRST CAUSE:

Some things are caused, anything caused is caused by another, and there can't be an infinite series of causes. So there must be a first cause (a cause that isn't itself caused by another).

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But who made me?

And you made me.

You made me.

proof 3 necessary being
PROOF # 3 – NECESSARY BEING:

Many things in the universe may either exist or not exist. Nothing can come of nothing, and if traced back eventually there must have been one thing from which all others have occurred.

proof 4 degree
PROOF # 4 - DEGREE

Some things are greater (or cuter) than others. Whatever is great (or cute) to any degree gets its greatness (or cuteness) from that which is the greatest (cutest). So there is a greatest (cutest) being, which is the source of all greatness (cuteness).

proof 5 intelligent design
PROOF # 5 – INTELLIGENT DESIGN:

Many things in the world that lack intelligence act for an end. Whatever acts for an end must be directed by an intelligent being. So the world must have an intelligent designer.

in summary
In Summary…

1. Unmoved Mover (Everything that moves, is moved by a mover. There is a point of origin)

2. First Cause (There must be something that caused all causes)

3. Dependency ( Nothing can come of nothing)

4. Degree (We can compare so that means that there must be something that is perfect with which to compare)

5. Intelligent Design (Everything serves a purpose)

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