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POPULATION IN INDIA (DISTRIBUTION). INDIA. How and Why is the Population Spread Across India’s Landscape. GANGES RIVER. HIGH POPULATION DENSITY.
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POPULATION IN INDIA (DISTRIBUTION) INDIA How and Why is the Population Spread Across India’s Landscape
GANGES RIVER HIGH POPULATION DENSITY The highest population density areas are in lowland plains like the indo gangetic plain for cropping and building , near rivers like the Ganges river for water, food and transport , on fertile soils so there's good cropping for foodand near the coastline as there's access to food supplies and access to trade routes. LOW POPULATION DENSITY The lowest population density areas are in high lands like the mountains and hills like the Himalayan mountains where there is limited access to food and water supplies and there is extreme weather, also there is low density in places that have hot and dry climates like the thar desert as there is limited access to food and water supplies and weather is do hot for crops and farms.
POPULATION IN INDIA(DIVERSITY) Composition of the Population including Ethnicity, Age, Sex
POPULATION AGE AND GENDER PYRAMID • As you see India has youthful population as the age and gender pyramid is mostly down the bottom, most of the population is from the (0 -14) age range with very little people from (80 -100+) age range One problem with the age of the people in India is the pressure on the working age (15 - 64), also the government have to provide suitable resources and infrastructure required by the schools and day care.
Reasons for India's large youthful population percentage% • More workers, mainly young male , in providing a stable workforce for farming families (3/4 of the total population) • Because of the importance of children in religion in India (Hindu beliefs) • Negative views of contraception • Parents have kids in rural areas as they believe the kids will look after them when there old
RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY IN INDIA India currently has the world's largest population of Hindu's, it is also the countries official religion. India is the third largest Muslim population in the world after Pakistan and Indonesia. It is also the home to at least 10 other major religions.
POPULATION CHANGE • Change in India’s total population, natural increase and age-sex structure CHANGE
RAPID INCREASE IN POPULATION IN INDIA • The population in India has grown from 350 million to 1 billion in the past 50 years. This has caused a number of changes in the population structure in India, this causes bad population issues. • In 2011 India had 1.241 billion people and numbers are increasing at a fast rate
INDIAS TOTAL POPULATION GROWTH FROM 1950-2050 2000 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 POPULATION GROWTH = PROJECTED FUTURE POPULATION GROWTH = 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050
THE GROWING POPULATION The graph in the above slide shows that India has grown very quickly in the last 50 years and probably be Overtaking China around 2050 on these projections . India will have future growth, even though at a slower rate, will continue to a point which will make India the largest population in the world. • CHANGE IN INDIAS AGE/SEX COMPOSITION • The Indian government wants the population to decrease an by that they need families to have less children, they are trying to persuade families that want children to have boys instead of girls.
POPULATION MIGRATION Migration and Mobility of the people of India including internal and external migration POOR LIVING CONDITIONS WHY DO PEOPLE MIGRATE? EMPLOYMENT BETTER SERVICES NATURAL DISASTERS EDUCATION BECAUSE OF WAR
THE MIGRATION MODEL Reasons for people moving is shown effectively in the migration model. MAIN FLOW = Pull factors =Push factors = Obstacles
RURAL TO URBAN DRIFT The most common migration in India is rural urban drift and it’s the the most important type. This is when people leave their farms and villages and move into cities (RURAL TO URBAN). There are a number of factors which lead to this big movement. Main reasons for people moving is that there is very little education in rural areas and some people don’t want to be a farmer when they grow up so they decide to leave to the city where you can get good education. other reasons is that the living conditions aren't great with houses that leak and flood, there's also muddy streets and there is very little electricity for some villages, the lifestyle in rural areas can be very boring as there is no night clubs or concerts like there is in the cities.
POPULATION SUSTAINIBILTY capacity of the environment to support a population in the longer term
What is population distribution? • Population Sustainability means that the environment of a country can hold its population growth • This map has been drawn to show the size of each countries population, loosely in conjunction with it’s physical location and shape. • Did you know? • The most over-crowded country is Monaco with 17,000 ppkm2. • India has 370. • NZ has 16 ppkm2.
Can India support its population The water supply in India is the biggest challenge as there is very little water. Most of the fresh water is used in agriculture. India has to feed a population of 1.6 billion it so it will need a big increase in its agricultural production. But there will be no more available fresh water in 2050 than there is now. there even may be less because of the effects of industrial pollution. Other challenges, are environment pollution from the large industrial areas, mainly because of little or no enforcement by the local government. Also the inability of the infrastructure to provide for these large populations . overcrowded hospitals, large and crowded classrooms and lack of trained doctors.
In 2000 the population was around 6 billion. In 2050, based on estimates from the UN (united nations) Commission on development and population , they believe it could be as high as 10 billion. An already crowded planet will have over half as many people again. Many countries face as big a challenge as India.