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University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

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  1. University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology “Petroleum Systems”

  2. University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology “Petroleum Systems” “Plate Tectonics” “Seqeunce Stratigraphy” “Integrative Petroleumology”

  3. University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology “Petroleum Systems” “Plate Tectonics” “Seqeunce Stratigraphy” “Integrative Petroleumology”

  4. PS insp University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology The “Petroleum System” and/or the “Hydrocarbon Machine” “Oil is found in the minds of men” or, more fully, “Where oil is first found is, in the final analysis, in the minds of men.” Wallace E. Pratt, Chief Geologist, Humble Oil Company; later Vice-President of Standard Oil Wallace E. Pratt

  5. PS insp University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology The “Petroleum System” and/or the “Hydrocarbon Machine” “Oil is found in the minds of men” or, more fully, “Where oil is first found is, in the final analysis, in the minds of men.” Wallace E. Pratt, Chief Geologist, Humble Oil Company; later Vice-President of Standard Oil Wallace E. Pratt

  6. PS insp University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology The “Petroleum System” and/or the “Hydrocarbon Machine” “Oil is found in the minds of men” or, more fully, “Where oil is first found is, in the final analysis, in the minds of men.” Wallace E. Pratt, Chief Geologist, Humble Oil Company; later Vice-President of Standard Oil Wallace E. Pratt

  7. PS insp University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology The “Petroleum System” and/or the “Hydrocarbon Machine” “Oil is found in the minds of men” or, more fully, “Where oil is first found is, in the final analysis, in the minds of men.” Wallace E. Pratt, Chief Geologist, Humble Oil Company Frequently cited by Michel T. Halbouty, past AAPG president and winner of AGI’s Legendary Geoscientist Award Wallace E. Pratt Michel T. Halbouty

  8. PS insp University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology The “Petroleum System” and/or the “Hydrocarbon Machine” “Oil is found in the minds of men” or, more fully, “Where oil is first found is, in the final analysis, in the minds of men.” UGA B.S. and M.S. Grads Michelle Anderson and Shawn Hall.

  9. PS insp University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology The “Petroleum System” and/or the “Hydrocarbon Machine” “Oil is found in the minds of men” or, more fully, “Where oil is first found is, in the final analysis, in the minds of men.” Wallace E. Pratt, Chief Geologist, Humble Oil Company Less poetically, Humans find petroleum most efficiently with a good model of how petroleum accumulations form.

  10. PS defns University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology The “Petroleum System” and/or the “Hydrocarbon Machine” A petroleum system: The integration in time and space of source, migration, reservoir, trap, and seal. LBR “. . . a petroleum province can be considered as the final result of an organized set of geologic events (in space and in time) that can be called a petroleum system. In such a system, the sequence of subsidence movements and associated flows is just as decisive as lithologic and geometric factors in the formation of a group of pools.” Perrodon & Masse 1984 The elements of a petroleum system consist of source rock, migration path, reservoir rock, seal, and trap, and those elements "must be placed intime and space such that a petroleum deposit can occur.” Magoon 1987 “All of the factors which affect the processes of hydrocarbon generation, migration, and accumulation constitute elements of a total system which may be described as a machine.” Meissner et al. 1984 Bibliography is on next page.

  11. PS defns University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology The “Petroleum System” and/or the “Hydrocarbon Machine” A petroleum system: The integration in time and space of source, migration, reservoir, trap, and seal. LBR “. . . a petroleum province can be considered as the final result of an organized set of geologic events (in space and in time) that can be called a petroleum system. In such a system, the sequence of subsidence movements and associated flows is just as decisive as lithologic and geometric factors in the formation of a group of pools.” Perrodon & Masse 1984 The elements of a petroleum system consist of source rock, migration path, reservoir rock, seal, and trap, and those elements "must be placed intime and space such that a petroleum deposit can occur.” Magoon 1987 “All of the factors which affect the processes of hydrocarbon generation, migration, and accumulation constitute elements of a total system which may be described as a machine.” Meissner et al. 1984 Bibliography is on next page.

  12. PS5 University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology A petroleum system: The integration in time and space of source, migration pathway(s), reservoir(s), trap(s), and seal(s).

  13. PS defns University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology The “Petroleum System” and/or the “Hydrocarbon Machine” A petroleum system: The integration in time and space of source, migration, reservoir, trap, and seal. LBR “. . . a petroleum province can be considered as the final result of an organized set of geologic events (in space and in time) that can be called a petroleum system. In such a system, the sequence of subsidence movements and associated flows is just as decisive as lithologic and geometric factors in the formation of a group of pools.” Perrodon & Masse 1984 The elements of a petroleum system consist of source rock, migration path, reservoir rock, seal, and trap, and those elements "must be placed intime and space such that a petroleum deposit can occur.” Magoon 1987 “All of the factors which affect the processes of hydrocarbon generation, migration, and accumulation constitute elements of a total system which may be described as a machine.” Meissner et al. 1984 Bibliography is on next page.

  14. PS defns University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology The “Petroleum System” and/or the “Hydrocarbon Machine” A petroleum system: The integration in time and space of source, migration, reservoir, trap, and seal. LBR “. . . a petroleum province can be considered as the final result of an organized set of geologic events (in space and in time) that can be called a petroleum system. In such a system, the sequence of subsidence movements and associated flows is just as decisive as lithologic and geometric factors in the formation of a group of pools.” Perrodon & Masse 1984 The elements of a petroleum system consist of source rock, migration path, reservoir rock, seal, and trap, and those elements "must be placed intime and space such that a petroleum deposit can occur.” Magoon 1987 “All of the factors which affect the processes of hydrocarbon generation, migration, and accumulation constitute elements of a total system which may be described as a machine.” Meissner et al. 1984 Bibliography is on next page.

  15. PS defns University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology The “Petroleum System” and/or the “Hydrocarbon Machine” A petroleum system: The integration in time and space of source, migration, reservoir, trap, and seal. LBR “. . . a petroleum province can be considered as the final result of an organized set of geologic events (in space and in time) that can be called a petroleum system. In such a system, the sequence of subsidence movements and associated flows is just as decisive as lithologic and geometric factors in the formation of a group of pools.” Perrodon & Masse 1984 The elements of a petroleum system consist of source rock, migration path, reservoir rock, seal, and trap, and those elements "must be placed intime and space such that a petroleum deposit can occur.” Magoon 1987 “All of the factors which affect the processes of hydrocarbon generation, migration, and accumulation constitute elements of a total system which may be described as a machine.” Meissner et al. 1984 Bibliography is on next page.

  16. PS refs University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology Perrodon, A., and P. Masse, 1984, Subsidence, sedimentation and petroleum systems: Journal of Petroleum Geology, v. 7, n. 1, p. 5-26. Magoon, L. B., 1987, The petroleum system—a classification scheme for research, resource assessment, and exploration (abs.): AAPG Bulletin, v. 71, n. 5, p. 587. Magoon, L. B., and W. G. Dow, 1994, The petroleum system, in Magoon, L. B, and W. G. Dow, eds., The petroleum system—from source to trap: AAPG Memoir 60, p. 3-24. Meissner, F. F., J. Woodward, and J. L. Clayton, 1984, Stratigraphic relationships and distribution of source rocks in the greater Rocky Mountain region, in J. Woodward, F. F. Meissner, and J. L. Clayton, eds., Hydrocarbon source rocks of the greater Rocky Mountain region: Denver, CO, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, p. 1-34.

  17. PS University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology The “Petroleum System” and/or the “Hydrocarbon Machine” 1. Deposition of organic-rich sediment 2. Burial of same to temperature for generation of petroleum 3. Availability at Time 2 of migration pathway for petroleum 4. Availability of reservoir, seal, and trap at or after Time 2.

  18. PS University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology A petroleum system: The integration in time and space of source, migration, reservoir, trap, and seal. LBR “. . . a petroleum province can be considered as the final result of an organized set of geologic events (in space and in time) that can be called a petroleum system. In such a system, the sequence of subsidence movements and associated flows is just as decisive as lithologic and geometric factors in the formation of a group of pools.” Perrodon & Masse 1984

  19. Gussow University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology A petroleum system: The integration in time and space of source, migration, reservoir, trap(s), and seal. Gussow, W. C., 1954, Differential entrapment of oil and gas; a funda- mental principle; American Associ- ation of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 39, p. 547-574, as re- prised in the Oil and Gas Journal.

  20. University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology Critical moment: The critical moment is that point in time selected by the investigator that best depicts the generation-migration-accumulation of most hydrocarbons in a petroleum system. A map or cross section drawn at the critical moment best shows the geographic and stratigraphic extent of the system. Magoon, L.B., and W. G. Dow, 1994, The petroleum system, in Magoon, L. B, and W. G. Dow, eds., The Petroleum System—From Source to Trap: AAPG Memoir 60, p. 3-24.

  21. University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology Critical moment: The critical moment is that point in time selected by the investigator that best depicts the generation-migration-accumulation of most hydrocarbons in a petroleum system. A map or cross section drawn at the critical moment best shows the geographic and stratigraphic extent of the system. Magoon, L.B., and W. G. Dow, 1994, The petroleum system, in Magoon, L. B, and W. G. Dow, eds., The Petroleum System—From Source to Trap: AAPG Memoir 60, p. 3-24. The critical moment is the time of source-rock maturation and of migration of petroleum into its primary trap. LBR

  22. Mag & Dow Ex University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

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  28. Arthur & Schlanger

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  39. University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology Gluyas & Swarbrick 2004

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  48. University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology Selley p. 207 (uniform geothermal gradient) G&S page 75 & 77 Selley 1998

  49. University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology

  50. University of Georgia Department of Geology GEOL 4320/6320 Petroleum Geology Gluyas & Swarbrick 2004