Please check, just in case…. APA Tip of the Day: Quoting on-line sources. Include the author – if a person is not listed, use the name of the organization (e.g. Council for Exceptional Children) Include the year – look carefully – often a year is listed at the bottom of the page in small print.
See APA manual, 2010, pp. 171-172
From APA manual, 2010, p. 172:
Note: Discussion is the complete section heading.
Note: Mandatory Labeling Has Targetedis NOT the complete section heading, therefore, it has quotation marks.
Today’s Readings: Taylor (1988) AND Stainback & Stainback (1984)
IDEA requires that every student with disabilities be educated in the least restrictive environment (LRE). Specifically, the law stipulates that “to the maximum extent appropriate, children with disabilities ... [will be] educated with children who are not disabled, and...
(Giangreco, Cloninger, Dennis, & Edelman, as cited in Heward, 2000)
“African American students were overrepresented in more restrictive educational environments and underrepresented in less restrictive environments relative to all other students with the same disability. Disproportionality was most evident in those disability categories served primarily in general education settings.”
(Skiba et al, 2006, p. 411)
“The majority of African American (52.0%), Hispanic (49.8%), and Native American students (54.9%) were placed in the most segregated setting (setting 3), as compared to White (32.9%), Asian (21.6%), and Other (35.6%) students. Most ELLs (57.1%) were placed in setting 3, as compared to 38.1% of non-ELLs.”
de Valenzuela, Copeland, Qi, & Park, 2006, p. 432
“Hegemony is a struggle in which the powerful win the consent of those who are oppressed, with the oppressed unknowingly participating in their own oppression.”
How might the notion of “consent” from the definition of hegemony relate to the disproportionate placement of minority students in more segregated educational setting?
How might the ways that we perceive (socially construct) different families impact the extent to which students are placed in different settings?
Get into small groups and share your progress on the rough drafts. Give each other ideas about critical readings and key quotes for each of the questions.