feudalism and the manorial system n.
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Feudalism and the Manorial System. Feudalism. The social and political structure of the Middle Ages characterized by the ownership of the land.

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Feudalism and the Manorial System


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feudalism
Feudalism
  • The social and political structure of the Middle Ages characterized by the ownership of the land.
slide3
Feudalism refers to a set of distinct social and political institutions, defined by free contract, that established the relationship between two freemen of differing social station, a lord and a vassal of lower rank
structure
Structure
  • The lord owned the land
  • He granted land (a fief), but not the ownership, to a lesser noble (a vassal)
  • The vassal, in turn, could grant some of his holdings to another lesser noble (a knight)
  • On the bottom of the scale were the serfs who worked the land for a share of the crop
feudal obligations
Feudal Obligations
  • Premogeniture – the system of inheritance of a fief from father to son
  • The vassal is always obligated to the lord
military service
Military Service
  • The vassal owed his lord loyalty or, in its feudal term, fealty – he had to render aid and counsel, or material and moral help to his lord
  • Perform military service, and bring a number of men and equipment
payment to the lord
Payment to the lord
  • Ransoming of the lord
  • Knighting of the lord’s eldest son
  • Marriage of the lord’s eldest daughter
  • Lords’ own departure on crusades
lord s obligations to vassal
Lord’s obligations to vassal
  • Protection and maintenance
  • Military and material support
  • Usual form of payment was in land
feudal justice
Feudal Justice
  • Trial by battle
  • Compurgation, or oath taking,
  • Trial by ordeal
manorial system
Manorial system
  • System comes from the large farming estates that included the manor house, cultivated lands, woodlands, fields, and villages
  • Ridged class structure (nobles and serfs)
  • Manors were self-sufficient
three field method
Three field method
  • Rotated crops between three fields
  • One was always left fallow
slide13

By the Lord before whom this sanctuary is holy, I will to N. be true and faithful, and love all which he loves and shun all which he shuns, according to the laws of God and the order of the world.

Nor will I ever with will or action, through word or deed, do anything which is unpleasing to him, on condition that he will hold to me as I shall deserve it, and that he will perform everything as it was in our agreement when I submitted myself to him and chose his will.