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Interactive Notebook Guidelines

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  1. Interactive Notebook Guidelines • Pencil ONLY • Name, class, period on cover • 1st page upper right corner put an A (free corner) • Letter pages A-F (front AND back of page) • Page “1” of numbering starts on 4th page of Notebook • Go ahead and # 1-20 on top free corner of notebook • Each page should have title unless noted otherwise

  2. Cover

  3. Page A <Title Page>

  4. Interactive Notebook Guidelines • C-F Table of Contents PageTitle 1-3 Roots, Prefixes, Suffixes 4 Biology lab safety rules 5 Safety Symbols 6-7 Safety Contract 8 Classroom Layout 9 Lab Safety Equipment Scavenger Hunt 10-11 Lab Equipment 12 Scientific Method Vocabulary 13 Data Graphing

  5. Page B <Blank>Page C <Table of Contents>

  6. Page D <Table of Contents>Page E <Table of Contents>

  7. Page F <Table of Contents>Page 1 <Roots, Prefixes and Suffixes>

  8. Page 2 <Roots, Prefixes and Suffixes>Page 3 <Roots, Prefixes and Suffixes>

  9. Page 4 <Biology Lab Safety Rules>Page 5 <Safety Symbols>

  10. Page 6-7 <Science Safety Contract>

  11. Page 8 <Classroom Layout>Page 9 <Lab Classroom Scavenger Hunt>

  12. Lab Equipment for Scavenger • Fire blanket • Shower • First Aid kit • Aprons • Eyewash station • Goggles • Fire Extinguisher

  13. Page 10 <Lab Equipment>Page 11 <Lab Equipment>

  14. Page 12 <Scientific Method Vocabulary>Page 13 <Data Graphing>

  15. Page 13 <Data Graphing> D- Dependent variable R- Responding variable Y- y-axis M- Manipulated variable I- Independent Variable X- x-axis ALWAYS INCLUDE UNITS!

  16. Page 14 <Characteristics of Living Things> • List all 8 characteristics and draw picture to go with them (must color!)

  17. Page 15 <Hierarchy of Multicellular Organisms> • Chemical Level- Atoms combine to form molecules • Cellular Level- Cells are made of molecules • Tissue Level- Consist of similar types of cells • Organ Level- Made of different types of tissue • Organ System- Consists of organs that work together • Organism- Made of many organ systems that function to keep us alive

  18. Page 15 <Hierarchy of Multicellular Organisms>

  19. Page 14 <Characteristics of Living Things>Page 15 <Hierarchy of Multicellular Organisms>

  20. PAGE 16 <SCIENTIFIC METHOD FLOWCHART> Descriptions (ex: color, smell) Numbers (can be measured) Independent Independent Dependent Controlled

  21. PAGE 17 <PERIODIC TABLE- ELEMENTS OF LIFE> Glue in Periodic Table Highlight corresponding colors PINK • Oxygen (65%) • Carbon (18%) • Hydrogen (10%) • Nitrogen (3%) YELLOW • Phosphorus (P) • Sulfur (S) • Calcium (Ca) • Iron (Fe) • Potassium (K) • Sodium (Na) somewhere on page put: NOCH=96%

  22. PAGE 16 <SCIENTIFIC METHOD FLOWCHART> PAGE 17 <PERIODIC TABLE- ELEMENTS OF LIFE>

  23. Page 18 <Properties of Water> • Add to diagram: δ+ and δ- on all atoms and show Hydrogen bonds (- - -) • Universal _____________ • Polar- (define) • Hydrogen Bonds: • Cohesion- (define; example) • Adhesion- (define; example) • Ice Floats, Heat of vaporization (sweat), High Specific Heat Color Oxygen=yellow Hydrogen=green Hydrogen Bonds=blue

  24. Page 18 <Properties of Water> δ+ • Add to diagram: δ+ and δ- on all atoms and show Hydrogen bonds (- - -) • Universal Solvent-dissolves many substances • Polar- Unequal sharing of electrons; results in partial + and partial - sides • Hydrogen Bonds: • Cohesion- attraction of like molecules (rainsdrop, surface tension) • Adhesion- attraction of unlike molecules (water on web, meniscus) • Capillary Action-Ice Floats, Heat of vaporization (sweat), High Specific Heat δ+ δ+ Color Oxygen=yellow Hydrogen=green Hydrogen Bonds=blue δ+ δ- δ+ δ- δ+ δ-

  25. Page 19 <Macromolecules> • Monomer-1 sub-unit • Polymer- multiple units • Formation of Polymers- Polymerization, Dehydration Synthesis, Condensation Reaction • Removal of water molecule to form covalent bond • H=green, O= yellow • 4 groups of Macromolecules (list) • Carbohydrates, Lipids, Nucleic Acids, Proteins

  26. Page 18 <Properties of Water> Page 19 <Macromolecules>

  27. Page 20 <Carbohydrates> Glue in image set • Elements: C, H, O 1:2:1 ratio • Monomer: Monosaccharide (glucose, fructose, galactose) • Polymers: Disaccharide (2) Polysaccharide (many) • Examples: cellulose, glycogen, starch • Function: Short term energy storage and building material • Food source: Pasta, bread, fruit, potatoes

  28. Page 21 <Lipids> Glue in image set • Elements: C, H, O • Monomers: Fatty acid chains, glycerol • Polymers: Fats/Oils, Phospholipids, Steroids • Examples: phospholipid, oil, ear wax • Function: Long term energy storage, insulation, cushioning, waterproof • Food Source: Oils, butter, animal fat

  29. Page 20 <Carbohydrates>Page 21 <Lipids>

  30. Page 22 <Nucleic Acids> Glue in image set • Elements: C, H, O, N, P • Monomer: Nucleotide (sugar, phosphate, nitrogenous base) • Polymers: DNA and RNA • Examples: RNA, DNA, (ATP-single unit) • Function: Genetic instructions and usable energy • No Food Source

  31. Page 23 <Proteins> Glue in image set • Elements: C, H, O, N • Monomer: Amino Acid • Polymer: Polypeptide chain • Examples: hair, nails, muscles, enzymes • Function: Storage, transport, regulation, movement, structure, enzymes • Food Source: Meat, peanut, egg

  32. Page 22 <Nucleic Acids>Page 23 <Proteins>

  33. Page 24 <Enzymes> • Proteins that catalyze (speed up) reactions by lowering the activation energy • Common Features • Work best within range of temp and pH • Make reaction occur faster • NOT used up or changed in reaction; can be used over and over • Substrate (reactant) specific: lock and key ENZYME-SUBSTRATE COMPLEX Substrate (reactant) Products enzyme enzyme Active site

  34. Page 24 <Enzymes>

  35. PAGE 25 <CELL THEORY> • All living things are composed of cells • Cells are the basic unit of structure and function in all living things • New cells are produced from pre-existing cells • Contributing Scientists • Robert Hooke- Named cells, cork • Anton van Leeuwenhoek- microorganisms (pond water) • Matthias Schleiden- botanist, plant cells • Theodor Schwann- animal cells • Rudolf Virchow- cell division

  36. PAGES 26-27 <PROKARYOTE VS EUKARYOTE VENN DIAGRAM> 26 27 Eukaryotes Prokaryotes differences differences similarities

  37. PAGES 26-27 <PROKARYOTE VS EUKARYOTE VENN DIAGRAM> 26 27 Eukaryotes Prokaryotes • Cell membrane • Cell wall • Contain DNA • Cytoplasm • Flagella • Reproduce • Respond to environment • Ribosomes • Unicellular organisms differences Differences • Centrioles • Contain nucleus • Golgi apparatus • Mitochondria • May become specialized • Have complex internal structures (membrane bound organelles) • Some are single-cellular, some are multicellular • All single cellular • pili similarities

  38. PAGES 26-27 Words/phrases for Venn Diagram • All single-cellular • Cell membrane • Cell wall • Centrioles • Contain DNA • Contain nucleus • Cytoplasm • Flagella • Golgi apparatus • Mitochondria • May become specialized • Have complex internal structures (membrane bound organelles) • Pili • Reproduce • Respond to environment • Ribosomes • Rough ER • Smooth ER • Some are single-cellular, some are multicellular • Unicellular organisms

  39. PAGE 28 <ANIMAL CELL> 28 29 Animal Cell • Color and label animal cell organelles: • Nucleus • Nucleolus • Cell membrane • Rough ER • Smooth ER • Mitochondria • Golgi Apparatus • Centriole • Ribosome • Nuclear Envelope • Circle organelles not found in plant cells • Use a ruler for lines

  40. PAGE 29 <PLANT CELL> 28 29 Plant Cell • Color and label: • Nucleus • Nucleolus • Cell membrane • Rough ER • Smooth ER • Mitochondria • Golgi Apparatus • Ribosome • Nuclear Envelope • Cell wall • Central vacuole • Chloroplast • Circle organelles not found in animal cells • Use a ruler for lines

  41. PAGE 30 <PROKARYOTIC CELL> 30 Prokaryotic Cell • Draw, color and label: • cell wall • cell membrane • pili • flagella • DNA (nucleoid region) • cytosol • ribosomes • Use a ruler for lines

  42. PAGE 31<CELL STRUCTURES AND FUNCTIONS> • Match the Cell structures with their functions and copy into notebook • cell membrane • cell wall • centrioles • chloroplast • chromatin • cytoskeleton • cytosol • Golgi apparatus • lysosome • mitochondria • nuclear envelope • nuclear pores • nucleolus • nucleus • organelles • ribosome • rough ER • smooth ER • vacuole • vesicles

  43. Functions (match with correct structure) • Control center of eukaryotic cell • Term used to describe cell structures • Site of detoxification & manufacture of lipids • “Cell Gel” • Converts energy stored in glucose to ATP • Play a role in cell division of animal cells • Maintains homeostasis in cell • Provides shape and structure to cell; more extensive in animal cells • Captures energy from the sun to produce glucose; site of photosynthesis • “transport bubbles”; used to move biomolecules, etc. • Structure that produces proteins in a cell • Cell postmaster; packages & ships biomolecules • Uses enzymes to disinfect, break down, and recycle • Outermost boundary of plant, fungal, & bacterial cells • Openings in membrane surrounding nucleus that allows for RNA to pass through

  44. PAGE 31 <CELL STRUCTURES AND FUNCTIONS> • cell membrane- Maintains homeostasis in cell • cell wall-Outermost boundary of plant, fungal, & bacterial cells • Centrioles- Play a role in cell division of animal cells • Chloroplast- Captures energy from the sun to produce glucose; site of photosynthesis • Chromatin- DNA wrapped protein; genetic code • Cytoskeleton- Provides shape and structure to cell; more extensive in animal cells • Cytosol- “Cell Gel” • Golgi apparatus- Cell postmaster; packages & ships biomolecules • Lysosome- Uses enzymes to disinfect, break down, and recycle • Mitochondria- Converts energy stored in glucose to ATP • nuclear envelope- keeps nucleus separate from remainder of cell • nuclear pores-Openings in membrane surrounding nucleus that allows for RNA to pass through • Nucleolus- produces ribsosomes • Nucleus-Control center of eukaryotic cell • Organelles-Term used to describe cell structures • Ribosome-Structure that produces proteins in a cell • rough ER- modifies and transports proteins; covered with ribosomes • smooth ER- Site of detoxification & manufacture of lipids • Vacuole- stores water and ions • Vesicles- “transport bubbles”; used to move biomolecules, etc.

  45. RNA capsid DNA RNA capsid capsid proteins tail sheath tail fiber surface proteins envelope Page 32 <VIRUSES> • Define in own words • Virus: • Capsid: • Retrovirus: • Lytic: • Lysogenic:

  46. RNA capsid DNA RNA capsid capsid proteins tail sheath tail fiber surface proteins envelope Page 32 <VIRUSES> • Define in own words • Virus: non-living particle made up of protein coat and genetic material; cause illnesses • Capsid: protein coat • Retrovirus: virus with RNA as genetic material • Lytic: Active infection where viruses replicate and burst cells • Lysogenic: Inactive infection where viral DNA (genes) is replicated along with host cell DNA; no symptoms

  47. Page 33 <Viruses Vs Cells Venn Diagram>

  48. Page 33 <Viruses Vs Cells Venn Diagram> • CELLSVIRUSES • 1000 Xs smaller • Carries out cellular functions • Cell Membrane • Considered non-living • Cytoplasm • Does not carry out cellular functions • Evolve • Genetic material (DNA/RNA) • Grow and develop • Larger • Make up living things • Made up of genetic material surrounded by protein coat (capsid) • Microscopic • Obtain and Use Energy • Reproduces independently • Require host cell to reproduce • Respond to environment • Some contain nucleus and organelles • (hint- 3 in common)

  49. CELLS -Carries out cellular functions -Cell Membrane -Cytoplasm -Grow and develop -Larger -Make up living things -Obtain and Use Energy -Reproduces independently -Respond to environment -Some contain nucleus and organelles BOTH -Evolve -Genetic material (DNA/RNA) -Microscopic VIRUSES -1000 Xs smaller -Considered non-living -Does not carry out cellular functions -Made up of genetic material surrounded by protein coat (capsid) -Require host cell to reproduce

  50. PAGE 34<VIRUS REPRODUCTION>-TAPE IN LYTIC VS LYSOGENIC FOLDABLE