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Emerging Dimensions of Railway Safety . Dinesh Mohan Transportation Research & Injury Prevention Programme Indian Institute of technology Delhi. The present situation. Source : Ministry of Railways, Govt. of India. Source : Rajya Sabha Unstarred Question No. 544, dated 28.07.2006.

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Emerging dimensions of railway safety l.jpg

Emerging Dimensions of Railway Safety

Dinesh Mohan

Transportation Research & Injury Prevention Programme

Indian Institute of technology Delhi


The present situation l.jpg
The present situation

Source : Ministry of Railways, Govt. of India.

Source : Rajya Sabha Unstarred Question No. 544, dated 28.07.2006

Good news, in time and technology management!

IIT Delhi March 14


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Number of Persons Killed and Injured According to Nature of Railways Accidents in India

Source : Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Govt. of India

IIT Delhi March 14


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FATALITIES ASSOCIATED WITH INDIAN RAILWAYS - 2004 Railways Accidents in India

Source: National Crime Record Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs

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Ministry of Statistics Total fatalities: 2,963

IIT Delhi March 14


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FATALITIES ASSOCIATED WITH INDIAN RAILWAYS - 2004 Railways Accidents in India

Ministry of Home Affairs 20,419 - 2,963 Ministry of Statistics = 17,456

Not investigated since they are not “consequential”

If we reduced “consequential” accidents by 100% we would still have > 17,000 Indians dead annually

Possible disabled ~ 40,000 – 60,000

Serious injury ~ 200,000

Emerging Dimensions of Railway Safety ???

IIT Delhi March 14


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Modern society, railway safety, Railways Accidents in Indiaand rights of citizens

  • Indian constitution guarantees the right to life to all its citizens irrespective of “fault”

  • Mobility and safety is therefore a fundamental right of any modern citizen

  • It is the responsibility of institutions to resolve any conflicts between the goals of mobility and safety within their domain of operation

  • It is crucial for all stakeholders to consider the needs of the most vulnerable

  • There is a collective responsibility for preventing injuries and deaths due to any cause irrespective of the fault of a railway employee or technology

IIT Delhi March 14


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The Zero Vision Railways Accidents in IndiaOctober 1997, Road Traffic Safety Bill, Swedish Parliament

  • “The scientific basis of the zero vision differs from the usual approach to safety in human-machine systems: designing a system to minimize the number of events that cause injury. Instead, the zero vision is based on the notion of "allowing" these incidents to occur, but at a level of violence that does not threaten life or long-term health”

  • “In the zero vision, the entire transport system must be designed to accommodate the individual who has the worst protection and the lowest tolerance of violence. No event must be allowed to generate a level of violence that is so high that it represents an unacceptable loss of health for that vulnerable individual.”

  • “The responsibility for every death or loss of health in the road transport system rests with the person responsible for the design of that system. This is the ethical basis for realizing the zero vision.”

IIT Delhi March 14


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Safety management:complex and multi-disciplinary Railways Accidents in India

Source: Safety Principles and Guidance, Office of Rail Regulation, UK.

IIT Delhi March 14


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Safety management: complex and multidisciplinary Railways Accidents in India

Source: Claire Dickinson. CROSS-CUTTING TOPIC STRATEGY: HUMAN FACTORS. 2007-08 to 2009-10. Office of Rail Regulation, UK.

IIT Delhi March 14


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IIT Delhi 2005 Railways Accidents in India


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Godhra Railways Accidents in India

Coach

Comparison

coach

Results

The burnt coach

IIT Delhi 2007


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Damage mapping of the coach Railways Accidents in India

IIT Delhi 2007


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Injuries Railways Accidents in India

No serious burn injuries among survivors. Therefore, most escaped before fire serious

All burn injuries on upper part of body

Majority inhalation injuries

No one burnt on lower part of body

All fatal cases (58) completely charred. Fatalities among those who fell unconscious and could not escape

IIT Delhi 2007


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Probable escape routes Railways Accidents in India

IIT Delhi 2006


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Emerging issues Railways Accidents in India

  • Expertise needed:

    • Mechanical engineering

    • Injury epidemiology

    • Polymer chemistry & materials

    • Thermodynamics and fire

    • Forensic science

    • Crowd mechanics

    • etc.

  • Carriage design

  • Emergency response

  • Preservation of evidence

  • Institutional arrangements for safety research

IIT Delhi March 14


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Institutional arrangements Railways Accidents in India

Need for establishment of

  • National Railway Safety Research Institute (NRSRI) – multidisciplinary, at least 50% staff permanent with research qualifications

  • Endowed chairs in research institutions for independent basic and futuristic research on railway safety in coordination with NRSRI

IIT Delhi March 14


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National Railway Safety Research Institute (NRSRI) Railways Accidents in India

Must be independent of investigation and standards enforcement agencies

Safety research – institutional linkages and training

Laws, operations and management

Capacity Building

User behaviour strategies, public awareness education, conferences/workshops

Designing, setting standards and conducting audits

IIT Delhi March 14


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Finally Railways Accidents in India

  • Blaming the victim or one employee is the most common response to an accident. This cannot result in optimal or scientific solutions

  • Multidisciplinary / multifactorial approach essential for safety promotion

  • Everyone has the right to information about safety problems and the level of safety of any component, product, action or service within the rail transport system

  • Everyone has the right to expect systematic and continuous improvement in safety: any stakeholder within the rail transport system has the obligation to undertake corrective actions following the detection of any safety hazard that can be reduced or removed

IIT Delhi March 14


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