the rhythm of poetry n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Rhythm of Poetry: PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Rhythm of Poetry:

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 27

The Rhythm of Poetry: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 138 Views
  • Uploaded on

The Rhythm of Poetry:. Poetic Form. Poetic Structure. Form : the structure of a poem, or how it is set up and organized, which includes: Rhyme scheme : the pattern created by the rhymed lines in a poem ( usually labeled by letters of the alphabet)

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Rhythm of Poetry:' - devi


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
poetic structure
Poetic Structure
  • Form: the structure of a poem, or how it is set up and organized, which includes:
      • Rhyme scheme: the pattern created by the rhymed lines in a poem ( usually labeled by letters of the alphabet)
      • Meter: the pattern of unstressed and stressed syllables in a poem
      • Line Divisions:
        • Quatrains: 4 lines
        • Couplets: two lines
        • Octaves: 8 lines
        • Sestets: 6 lines
      • Persona: The speaker of the poem, determining point of view. (never called “narrator,” which is a specific term for prose)
      • …analysis of these elements is called scansion
scansion
Scansion
  • (1) the act of scanning, or analyzing poetry in terms of its rhythmic components
  • (2) the graphic representation, indicated by marked accents, feet, etc., of the rhythm of a line or lines of verse
    • You may have seen scansion marks like the following:

The curved lines are “unstressed” syllables while the straight slashes are “stressed”

poetic meter
Poetic Meter
  • Meters are the rhythms within poems.
  • Meters are the arrangement of stressed/unstressed syllables to occur at apparently equal intervals.
  • Metered verse has prescribed rules as to the number and placement of syllables used per line.
syllables
Syllables
  • We can usually divide words into syllables easily.
  • We can also determine which syllables to emphasize, or “stress” in each word.
    • For example:
      • Angel = AN-gel  (not an-GEL)
      • Complete = com-PLETE (not COM-plete)
more syllables
More Syllables
  • poem = PO-em…….(1 stressed + 1 unstressed)
  • poetry = PO-e-try…….(1 stressed + 2 unstressed)
  • relief = re-LIEF…….(1unstressed + 1 stressed)
  • recommend = re-com-MEND…….(2 unstressed + 1 stressed)
  • discomfort = dis-COM-fort…(1 unstressed + 1 stressed + 1 unstressed)
  • entertainment = en-ter-TAIN-ment(2 unstressed + 1 stressed + 1 unstressed)
five main patterns to poetic feet
Five main patterns to poetic feet:

1. Iambic

2. Trochaic

3.Anapestic

4. Dactylic

5. Spondaic

trochaic pattern
Trochaic Pattern
  • 1 stressed syllablefollowed by1 unstressed syllable
  • EXAMPLES:
    • garland (GAR-land)
    • speaking (SPEAK-ing)
    • value (VAL-ue)
anapestic pattern
Anapestic pattern
  • 2 unstressed syllablesfollowed by1 stressed syllable
  • EXAMPLES:
    • on the road
    • interrupt (in-ter-RUPT)
    • unabridged
dactylic pattern
Dactylic pattern
  • 1 stressed syllable followed by 2 unstressed syllables
  • EXAMPLE:
    • happiness (HAP-pi-ness)
    • galloping (GAL-lop-ing)
    • fortunate
spondaic pattern
Spondaic Pattern
  • All syllables have equal stress
  • EXAMPLE:
    • Heartbreak
    • “Out, out…”
    • "pen-knife," "ad hoc," "heartburn"
iambic pattern
Iambic pattern
  • 1unstressed syllablefollowed by1 stressed syllable
  • EXAMPLES:
    • repose (re-POSE)
    • belief (be-LIEF)
    • complete (com-PLETE)
poetic foot
Poetic Foot
  • A poetic foot is a repeated sequence of rhythm comprised of two or more stressed and/or unstressed syllables.
  • Poetic meteris comprised ofpoetic feet
the i ambic foot
The Iambic foot
  • The iamb = (1 unstressed syllable + 1 stressed syllable) is the most common poetic foot in English verse.
  • iambic foot examples:
    • behold
    • destroy
    • thesun(articles such as “the” would be considered unstressed syllables)
    • andwatch(conjunctions such as and would be considered unstressed syllables)
lines containing iambic feet
Lines containing iambic feet
  • Behold/ and watch / the sun/ destroy / and grow(5 iambs)
  • When I / do COUNT / the CLOCK / that TELLS / the TIME[Shakespeare’s Sonnet 12](5 iambs)
  • Shall I / compare /thee to / a sum / mer's day?[Shakespeare’s Sonnet 12](5 iambs)
  • Come live/ with me/ and be/ my love(4 iambs)

(poem by Christopher Marlowe)

trochaic poem a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed one
Trochaic poem:a stressed syllable followed by an unstressedone

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's “The Song of Hiawatha”

By the / shores of / Gitche / Gumee,

By the / shining / Big-Sea /-Water,

Stood the / wigwam / of No / komis,

Daughter / of the / Moon, No / komis.

Dark behind it rose the forest,

Rose the black and gloomy pine-trees,

Rose the firs with cones upon them;

Bright before' it beat the water,

Beat the clear and sunny water,

Beat the shining Big-Sea-Water.

anapestic poetry 2 unstressed syllables 1 stressed one limericks contain anapestic meter in blue
Anapestic poetry:2 unstressed syllables + 1 stressed oneLimericks contain anapestic meter (in blue)

A Limerick by Edward Lear:

There was / an Old Man / with a beard,Who said, "It is just / as I feared!Two Owls / and a Hen,Four Larks / and a Wren,Have all / built their nests / in my beard!"

dactylic poem 1 stressed 2 unstressed
Dactylic poem:1 stressed + 2 unstressed

Charge of the Light Brigade by Alfred, Lord Tennyson

Half a league, /half a league,

Halfa league / onward,

All in the /valley of /Death

Rode the /six hundred.

"Forward, the /Light Brigade!

Charge for the /guns!" he said:

Into the /valley of /Death

Rode the /six hundred.

spondaic poem 2 equal syllables
SpondaicPoem: 2 equal syllables
  • Because of this nature of the spondee, a serious poem cannot be solely spondaic.
  • It would be almost impossible to construct a poem entirely of stressed syllables.
  • Therefore, the spondee usually occurs within a poem having another dominant rhythm scheme.
combinations of poetic feet
Combinations of Poetic Feet
  • One foot per line: monometer
  • Two feet per line : dimeter
  • Three feet per line : trimeter
  • Four feet per line : tetrameter
  • Five feet per line : pentameter
  • Six feet per line : hexameter
type number meter
Types of Poetic Feet

Iambic(1 unstressed + 1 stressed)

Trochaic(1 stressed + 1 unstressed)

Anapestic(2 unstressed + 1 stressed)

Dactylic(1 stressed + 2 unstressed)

Spondaic(all syllables equal)

Number of feet per line

Monometer

Dimeter

Trimeter

Tetrameter

Pentameter

Hexameter

Type + Number = Meter
meters feet
Meters & Feet
  • Q: If a poem had 1 foot per line, and the foot wasiambic(1 unstressed + 1 stressed), what type of poem would it be?
  • A:Iambic monometer
meters feet1
Meters & Feet
  • Q: If a poem had 2 feet per line, and the foot wasiambic(1 unstressed + 1 stressed), what type of poem would it be?
  • A:Iambic dimeter
meters feet2
Meters & Feet
  • Q: If a poem had 3 feet per line, and the foot wasiambic(1 unstressed + 1 stressed), what type of poem would it be?
  • A:Iambic trimeter
meters feet3
Meters & Feet
  • Q: If a poem had 4 feet per line, and the foot wasiambic(1 unstressed + 1 stressed), what type of poem would it be?
  • A:Iambic tetrameter
meters feet4
Meters & Feet
  • Q: If a poem had 5 feet per line, and the foot wasiambic(1 unstressed + 1 stressed), what type of poem would it be?
  • A:Iambic pentameter
meters feet5
Meters & Feet
  • Q: If a poem had 3 feet per line, and the foot wastrochaic(1 stressed +1 unstressed), what type of poem would it be?
  • A:Trochaic trimeter