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Alcohol/Drug Addiction. Types of Addiction. Tobacco Alcohol Drugs *Natural high. Alcohol and Your Body. Types of Alcoholic Beverages Fermentation Ethanol, Methanol, etc… Alcohol in Your Body Central Nervous System(CNS)- consists of the brain, and spinal cord

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Presentation Transcript
types of addiction
Types of Addiction
  • Tobacco
  • Alcohol
  • Drugs

*Natural high

alcohol and your body
Alcohol and Your Body
  • Types of Alcoholic Beverages
    • Fermentation
    • Ethanol, Methanol, etc…
  • Alcohol in Your Body
    • Central Nervous System(CNS)- consists of the brain, and spinal cord
    • Depressant-a drug that slows body functioning.
  • Alcohol and Your Brain
  • Alcohol in the Blood
    • Blood Alcohol Concentration(BAC)- is the amount of alcohol in the bloodstream
  • Individual Reactions to Alcohol
immediate effects of alcohol
Immediate Effects of Alcohol
  • Losing control
    • Intoxication- is the physical and mental changes produced by drinking alcohol.
    • Alcohol poisoning- the damage to physical health caused by drinking too much alcohol. Can be fatal!!!
    • Hangover- the uncomfortable physical effects caused by alcohol use, including headache, dizziness, stomach upset, nausea, and vomitting
  • Injury and Harm
long term effects of alcohol
Long-term Effects of Alcohol
  • Alcohol’s effects
    • Cirrhosis- a deadly disease that replaces healthy liver tissue with useless scar tissue
    • Tolerance- a condition in which a person needs more of a drug to feel the original effects of the drug
    • Alcohol abuse- the inability to drink in moderation or at appropriate times
  • Alcohol and Pregnancy
    • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome(FAS)- may include mental retardation, organ abnormalities, and learning and behavioral problems.
alcohol and decision making
Alcohol and Decision Making
  • Alcohol Influences Social Decisions
    • Inhibition- a mental process that restrains your actions, emotions, and thoughts
  • Alcohol and Violence
  • Alcohol, Driving, and Injuries
    • A Deadly Decision
      • Reaction time- the amount of time from the instant your brain detects an external stimulus until the moment you respond
  • Pressure to Drink-Internal/External
  • Deciding not to Drink
    • Stopping the Injuries
  • Physical Dependence
  • Psychological Dependence
    • Alcoholism- a disease in which a person is physically and psychologically dependent on alcohol.(chronic Illness)
    • Physical Dependence- the body’s chemical need for a drug
  • Factors that Contribute to Alcoholism
  • Overcoming Alcoholism
    • Recovery- learning to live without alcohol.
what are drugs drugs as medicine
What Are Drugs?/Drugs as medicine
  • What is a drug?
    • Drug- any chemical substance that causes a change in a person’s physical or psychological state
  • How drugs enter your body
  • Prescription Medicine
    • Medicine that can be bought only with a written order from a doctor
  • Over-the-Counter Medicine
    • Any medicine that can be bought without a prescription
  • Drug Interactions
  • Side effects and Drug Allergies
drug abuse and addiction
Drug Abuse and Addiction
  • Drug Addiction
    • The uncontrollable us of a drug
    • Drug abuse- the misuse of a drug on purpose or the use of any illegal drug
    • Dependence- needing the drug in order to function properly.
  • Physical Dependence
    • The body’s chemical need for a drug
  • Psychological Dependence
    • A person’s emotional or mental need for a drug
  • Drug addiction and Relationships
  • School Problems due to drugs addiction
  • The cost of drug addiction
stimulants and depressants
Stimulants and Depressants
  • Stimulants
    • Any drug that increases the body’s activity
  • Cocaine and crack cocaine
  • Methamphetamine
  • Depressants(Sedatives)
    • Any drug that decreases activity in the body
  • Rohypnol
  • Marijuana
    • What is Marijuana?
      • The dried flowers and leaves of the Cannabis Plant
      • Many names
      • Effects are different from person to person
      • Tetrahydrocannabinol(THC)- the active substance in Marijuana
    • The Long-term Effects of Marijuana
      • Decrease ability to think and concentrate
      • Decrease energy
      • Same effects as Cigarettes
opiates hallucinogens inhalants and designer drugs
Opiates, Hallucinogens, Inhalants, and Designer Drugs
  • What are opiates?
    • Any drug that is produces from the milk of the opium poppy
    • Extremely Addictive(Strong high)
    • Hard to break addictions(Withdrawal)
    • Have many medical uses(but still misused)
    • Example- Heroin
  • What are hallucinogens and inhalants?
    • Hallucinogens-Any drug that causes a person to hallucinate
    • Inhalants-any drug that is inhaled and absorbed into the bloodstream through the lungs
    • Flashback- an event in which a hallucinogen’s effects happen again long after the drug was originally taken.
  • What are designer drugs?
    • A drug that is produced by making a small chemical change to a drug that already exists
    • Examples- Ecstasy, GHB, Ketamine
staying drug free getting help
Staying Drug Free/Getting Help
  • Reason to stay drug free
    • Staying Healthy
    • Staying in Control
    • Making good decisions
    • Staying out of jail
    • Saving your money
  • Knowing when you need help and getting it!!!
  • Helping someone else
    • Intervention- a gathering in which the people who are close to a person who is abusing drugs try to get the person to accept help by relating stories of how his or her drug problem has affected them
  • Counseling
  • Treatment centers
    • A facility with trained doctors and counselors where people who abuse drugs can get help for their problems
    • Detoxification- the process by which the body rids itself of harmful chemicals
  • Support groups(AA, NA)
  • Recovery is never one step
  • Refuse Drugs-Refusal Skills