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The Hero’s journey. Biographical Information!. Biographical Information. Long Long Ago, there was this guy…. This Guy…. Joseph Campbell - 1978. Biographical Information. Campbell was famous for his expertise in myths and comparative religion. Biographical Information.

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biographical information1
Biographical Information
  • Long Long Ago, there was this guy…
this guy
This Guy…

Joseph Campbell - 1978

biographical information2
Biographical Information
  • Campbell was famous for his expertise in myths and comparative religion.
biographical information3
Biographical Information
  • Campbell was famous for his expertise in myths and comparative religion.
  • As he looked at different religions, he realized something -
biographical information4
Biographical Information
  • Campbell was famous for his expertise in myths and comparative religion.
  • As he looked at different religions, he realized something – they all had A LOT of similarities!
biographical information5
Biographical Information
  • Campbell was famous for his expertise in myths and comparative religion.
  • As he looked at different religions, he realized something – they all had A LOT of similarities!
  • He called this the monomyth
biographical information6
Biographical Information
  • Campbell was famous for his expertise in myths and comparative religion.
  • As he looked at different religions, he realized something – they all had A LOT of similarities!
  • He called this the monomyth
    • Mono = “one”
biographical information7
Biographical Information
  • “Monomyth” is a fancy way of saying that Campbell saw a lot of similarities among all of the myths.
biographical information8
Biographical Information
  • “Monomyth” is a fancy way of saying that Campbell saw a lot of similarities among all of the myths.
  • Flood myths, city destructions, and most importantly…
biographical information9
Biographical Information
  • “Monomyth” is a fancy way of saying that Campbell saw a lot of similarities among all of the myths.
  • Flood myths, city destructions, and most importantly…
  • The Heroes!!
biographical information10
Biographical Information
  • This is called “The Hero’s Journey”
biographical information11
Biographical Information
  • This is called “The Hero’s Journey”
  • All societies had similar heroes who undergo similar challenges. They follow a familiar path – This is the Hero’s Journey.
the hero s journey2
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step One: The Unusual Birth
the hero s journey3
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step One: The Unusual Birth
  • Our heroes are usually born to royalty, gods, or some other unusual origin.
the hero s journey4
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step One: The Unusual Birth
  • Our heroes are usually born to royalty, gods, or some other unusual origin.
  • This can even be “born in an unusual place”!
the hero s journey5
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step One: The Unusual Birth
  • Our heroes are usually born to royalty, gods, or some other unusual origin.
  • This can even be “born in an unusual place”!
  • There is something atypical (not normal) about this hero from birth!
the hero s journey6
The Hero’s Journey
  • The Unusual Birth:
the hero s journey7
The Hero’s Journey
  • The Unusual Birth:
  • Simba was born a Prince
the hero s journey8
The Hero’s Journey
  • The Unusual Birth:
  • Simba was born a Prince
  • Luke was born of a Jedi
the hero s journey9
The Hero’s Journey
  • The Unusual Birth:
  • Simba was born a Prince
  • Luke was born of a Jedi
  • Neo is an AWESOME computer programmer
the hero s journey10
The Hero’s Journey
  • The Unusual Birth:
  • Simba was born a Prince
  • Luke was born of a Jedi
  • Neo is an AWESOME computer programmer
the hero s journey11
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Two: Leaves Family.
the hero s journey12
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Two: Leaves Family.
    • Our Heroes are NEVER raised by the people who gave birth to them.
the hero s journey13
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Two: Leaves Family.
    • Our Heroes are NEVER raised by the people who gave birth to them.
    • This is rarely by choice – our heroes have a birthright that is denied to them, and they have to EARN IT.
the hero s journey14
The Hero’s Journey
  • Luke is raised by his Aunt and Uncle
the hero s journey15
The Hero’s Journey
  • Luke is raised by his Aunt and Uncle
  • Simba lives with Timon and Poombah
the hero s journey16
The Hero’s Journey
  • Luke is raised by his Aunt and Uncle
  • Simba lives with Timon and Poombah
  • King Arthur is raised by Merlin
the hero s journey17
The Hero’s Journey
  • Luke is raised by his Aunt and Uncle
  • Simba lives with Timon and Poombah
  • King Arthur is raised by Merlin
  • And Moses is raised by the Pharoah’s daughter.
the hero s journey18
The Hero’s Journey
  • Luke is raised by his Aunt and Uncle
  • Simba lives with Timon and Poombah
  • King Arthur is raised by Merlin
  • And Moses is raised by the Pharoah’s daughter.
  • This can all be called “the ordinary world”
the hero s journey19
The Hero’s Journey
  • The Ordinary World.
the hero s journey20
The Hero’s Journey
  • The Ordinary World.
  • This exists, Campbell felt, so that readers and listeners could sympathize with the hero BEFORE we learn he/she is this big super-star.
the hero s journey21
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Three: The Call To Adventure.
the hero s journey22
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Three: The Call To Adventure.
    • This is the point where something shakes up the status quo – a change occurs, often outside of the hero’s control.
the hero s journey23
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Three: The Call To Adventure.
    • This is the point where something shakes up the status quo – a change occurs, often outside of the hero’s control.
    • Luke lives on his Uncle’s farm, and two droids show up, leading him to Obi-Wan Kenobi.
the hero s journey24
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Three: The Call To Adventure.
    • This is the point where something shakes up the status quo – a change occurs, often outside of the hero’s control.
    • Luke lives on his Uncle’s farm, and two droids show up, leading him to Obi-Wan Kenobi.
    • Or Simba’s father is murdered…
the hero s journey25
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Four: Refusal of the Call.
the hero s journey26
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Four: Refusal of the Call.
    • Even if the hero knows something is not quite right (“I just don’t fit in”), the hero often refuses this change.
the hero s journey27
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Four: Refusal of the Call.
    • Even if the hero knows something is not quite right (“I just don’t fit in”), the hero often refuses this change.
    • Simba tries to live a perfect, happy, and care-free life in the jungle with his friends.
the hero s journey28
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Four: Refusal of the Call.
    • Even if the hero knows something is not quite right (“I just don’t fit in”), the hero often refuses this change.
    • Simba tries to live a perfect, happy, and care-free life in the jungle with his friends.
    • Danger lies ahead – and it’s a hard journey. The hero doubts he could change anything, or sees the work as “not his place”.
the hero s journey29
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Five: The Mentor.
the hero s journey30
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Five: The Mentor.
  • This meeting sets up the journey ahead.
the hero s journey31
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Five: The Mentor.
  • This meeting sets up the journey ahead.
  • The mentor, or “old wise man” is the one who spurs the hero on. Maybe he informs the hero of his “special” nature, or maybe gives him the confidence to go on the mission…
the hero s journey32
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Five: The Mentor.
  • This meeting sets up the journey ahead.
  • The mentor, or “old wise man” is the one who spurs the hero on. Maybe he informs the hero of his “special” nature, or maybe gives him the confidence to go on the mission…
  • From the mentor, the hero might get training, wisdom, or equipment to help on the journey.
the hero s journey33
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Five: The Mentor.
    • Sometimes…the mentor is “within” – the hero might reach within for a source of courage or wisdom for the journey.
the hero s journey34
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Six: Crossing the Threshold.
the hero s journey35
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Six: Crossing the Threshold.
  • In movie terms, this is the end of Act One.
the hero s journey36
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Six: Crossing the Threshold.
  • In movie terms, this is the end of Act One.
  • The hero commits to leaving the “ordinary” world behind, entering a new region or conditions with new/unfamiliar rules and values.
the hero s journey37
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Seven: Tests, Allies, and Enemies.
the hero s journey38
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Seven: Tests, Allies, and Enemies.
  • The struggles in getting bigger, stronger, and faster.
the hero s journey39
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Seven: Tests, Allies, and Enemies.
  • The struggles in getting bigger, stronger, and faster.
  • Lukes training is an excellent example.
the hero s journey40
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Seven: Tests, Allies, and Enemies.
  • The struggles in getting bigger, stronger, and faster.
  • Lukes training is an excellent example.
the hero s journey41
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Seven: Tests, Allies, and Enemies.
  • The struggles in getting bigger, stronger, and faster.
  • Lukes training is an excellent example.
  • The allies and enemies for the journey.
the hero s journey42
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Eight: The Approach.
the hero s journey43
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Eight: The Approach.
  • There’s some big central problem…the REASON for the hero’s journey.
the hero s journey44
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Eight: The Approach.
  • There’s some big central problem…the REASON for the hero’s journey.
  • Saving the Princess.
the hero s journey45
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Eight: The Approach.
  • There’s some big central problem…the REASON for the hero’s journey.
  • Saving the Princess.
  • Getting rid of the Evil Uncle.
the hero s journey46
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Eight: The Approach.
  • There’s some big central problem…the REASON for the hero’s journey.
  • Saving the Princess.
  • Getting rid of the Evil Uncle.
  • Getting back to Kansas.
the hero s journey47
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Eight: The Approach.
  • There’s some big central problem…the REASON for the hero’s journey.
  • “The Approach” is the hero and his newfound allies preparing for the major challenge in the Special World.
the hero s journey48
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Nine: The Ordeal.
the hero s journey49
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Nine: The Ordeal.
  • This is usually near the middle of the story – in the middle of Act 2.
the hero s journey50
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Nine: The Ordeal.
  • This is usually near the middle of the story – in the middle of Act 2.
  • The hero enters a central space in the Special World and confronts death…
the hero s journey51
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Nine: The Ordeal.
  • This is usually near the middle of the story – in the middle of Act 2.
  • The hero enters a central space in the Special World and confronts death…
  • Or faces his/her greatest fear.
the hero s journey52
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Nine: The Ordeal.
  • This is usually near the middle of the story – in the middle of Act 2.
  • The hero enters a central space in the Special World and confronts death…
  • Or faces his/her greatest fear.
  • Out of the moment of death comes new life!
the hero s journey53
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Ten: The Reward.
the hero s journey54
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Ten: The Reward.
  • The hero escapes the dark lair…often with losses.
the hero s journey55
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Ten: The Reward.
  • The hero escapes the dark lair…often with losses.
  • But he also has possession of some great prize – this might be physical, intellectual, or emotional.
the hero s journey56
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Ten: The Reward.
  • The hero escapes the dark lair…often with losses.
  • But he also has possession of some great prize – this might be physical, intellectual, or emotional.
  • Luke escapes the Death Star…he loses Obi-Wan, but he has the plans for the Death Star, and the resolve to continue the fight!
the hero s journey57
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Ten: The Reward.
  • There may be a celebration…but there is always the threat of losing this reward – the enemy is not yet vanquished!
the hero s journey58
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Eleven: The Road Back.
  • Approximately ¾ through the story (end of Act 2).
the hero s journey59
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Eleven: The Road Back.
  • Approximately ¾ through the story (end of Act 2).
  • This is the point where the hero is driven to leave the special world, making sure the treasure is brought home.
the hero s journey60
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Eleven: The Road Back.
  • Approximately ¾ through the story (end of Act 2).
  • This is the point where the hero is driven to leave the special world, making sure the treasure is brought home.
  • A chase or a great showdown/fight is often here.
the hero s journey61
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Eleven: The Road Back.
  • Approximately ¾ through the story (end of Act 2).
  • This is the point where the hero is driven to leave the special world, making sure the treasure is brought home.
  • A chase or a great showdown/fight is often here.
  • This may take MANY forms – the “road back” might take the form of attacking the great evil (see Luke’s attack on the Death Star, or Dorothy’s attack on the Witch).
the hero s journey62
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Twelve: The Resurrection.
the hero s journey63
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Twelve: The Resurrection.
  • The climax of the story.
the hero s journey64
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Twelve: The Resurrection.
  • The climax of the story.
  • The hero is beaten, crushed, nearly dead or lost.
the hero s journey65
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Twelve: The Resurrection.
  • The climax of the story.
  • The hero is beaten, crushed, nearly dead or lost.
  • From what seems like a sure loss, the hero, in this last threshold before arriving home, pulls victory out and saves the day!
the hero s journey66
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Twelve: The Resurrection.
  • This is often spiritual/emotional as well as physical.
the hero s journey67
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Twelve: The Resurrection.
  • This is often spiritual/emotional as well as physical.
  • The hero is “reborn” in some big way and proves him/herself as being greater than a normal human.
the hero s journey68
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Twelve: The Resurrection.
  • This is often spiritual/emotional as well as physical.
  • The hero is “reborn” in some big way and proves him/herself as being greater than a normal human.
  • He/she exists on a higher and more complete level of existence.
the hero s journey69
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Twelve: The Resurrection.
  • By the hero’s actions here, binaries (good/evil) that were at conflict in the beginning are finally resolved…once and for all!
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The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Thirteen: Return With The Elixir.
the hero s journey71
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Thirteen: Return With The Elixir.
  • The hero returns home…
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The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Thirteen: Return With The Elixir.
  • The hero returns home…a now-peaceful home…
the hero s journey73
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Thirteen: Return With The Elixir.
  • The hero returns home…a now-peaceful home…
  • Or maybe continues on the journey!
the hero s journey74
The Hero’s Journey
  • Step Thirteen: Return With The Elixir.
  • The hero returns home…a now-peaceful home…
  • Or maybe continues on the journey!
  • No matter what, he/she has some element of the treasure (and what makes this hero heroic) that has the power to transform the world just as the hero was transformed remains.
the hero s journey75
The Hero’s Journey
  • These primary steps show up EVERYWHERE.
the hero s journey76
The Hero’s Journey
  • These primary steps show up EVERYWHERE.
  • Not necessarily all of them at any time…
the hero s journey77
The Hero’s Journey
  • These primary steps show up EVERYWHERE.
  • Not necessarily all of them at any time…
  • But many of them exist at once!
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The Hero’s Journey
  • Your Job:
  • We will be looking at a series of stories that use the hero’s journey.
the hero s journey80
The Hero’s Journey
  • Your Job:
  • We will be looking at a series of stories that use the hero’s journey.
  • You will be charting the path the hero takes.
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The Hero’s Journey
  • Your Job:
  • Jason and the Argonauts
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The Hero’s Journey
  • Your Job:
  • Jason and the Argonauts
  • Clash of the Titans
the hero s journey83
The Hero’s Journey
  • Your Job:
  • Jason and the Argonauts
  • Clash of the Titans
  • Star Wars
the hero s journey84
The Hero’s Journey
  • Your Job:
  • Jason and the Argonauts
  • Clash of the Titans
  • Star Wars
  • The Odyssey