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Residential Sprinklers: New York City History

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Residential Sprinklers: New York City History. Originated in 1940’s Response to frequent rooming house fires Fire traveled through open stair cases Installed off of small diameter water mains Fire alarms NOT required Minimal sprinkler testing ONLY was required.

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residential sprinklers new york city history
Residential Sprinklers:New York City History
  • Originated in 1940’s
  • Response to frequent rooming house fires
    • Fire traveled through open stair cases
  • Installed off of small diameter water mains
  • Fire alarms NOT required
  • Minimal sprinkler testing ONLY was required
residential sprinklers new york city history2
Residential Sprinklers:New York City History
  • 1987: Local Law 16
    • Required sprinkler installation in all substantially renovated hotel buildings
  • Prior to this—commercial buildings only
residential sprinklers new york city history3
Residential Sprinklers:New York City History
  • December 1988  turning point in NYC
    • Brooklyn: 3 FDNY firefighters engulfed in fireball

on 10th floor of apartment building

    • Fire sprinklers had not been inspected / tested

and were shut off

    • Manhattan: 4 residents overcome by smoke from Christmas tree fire on 19th floor of residential building in celebrity’s apartment
residential sprinklers new york city history4
Residential Sprinklers:New York City History
  • 1999 Local Law 10 passed in response
  • Automatic sprinklers required for all new and substantially renovated dwellings housing four / more families
  • Periodic inspections of the sprinkler systems reported to and filed with FDNY
residential sprinklers new york city costs
Residential Sprinklers:New York City Costs
  • New construction buildings:
    • Low rise buildings (< 6 stories): $2 - $3/ ft2
    • High rise buildings ($2.50 - $3) / ft2
  • Old construction/retrofit
    • Low rise buildings (< 6 stories): $4.50 to $5 / ft2
    • High rise buildings (>6 stories): $4 to $4.50 / ft2
  • Less than the cost / ft2 of wall paper
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