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Planning. Presented By: Tracy Johnson, Central CAPT. 1. Key Principles of the SPF. Based on a public health approach Focused on outcomes-based prevention Widens the scope to population-based prevention

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planning

Planning

Presented By:

Tracy Johnson, Central CAPT

1

key principles of the spf
Key Principles of the SPF

Based on a public health approach

Focused on outcomes-based prevention

Widens the scope to population-based prevention

Follows a strategic planning process that uses epidemiological data throughout the process to drive decision-making

3

samhsa s strategic prevention framework steps
SAMHSA’s Strategic Prevention Framework Steps

Cultural Competence &

Sustainability

Assessment

Evaluation

Capacity

Implementation

Planning

4

planning involves
Planning Involves:

Creating a logic model

Developing a comprehensive, logical, and data-driven plan to address:

The problem(s) and related risk and protective factors and other underlying conditions

Gaps in resources and capacity

Further identification of risk and protective factors and other underlying conditions

The selection of strategies that will impact the risk and protective factors and other underlying conditions and the problem

5

spf logic model for reducing high risk drinking 18 25
SPF Logic Model for Reducing High Risk Drinking 18-25

Consequence/

ConsumptionPatterns

Risk and Protective Factors

Strategies

Social norms accepting and/or encouraging underage drinking

Media advocacy to increase community concern about underage drinking

Young Adult Binge Drinking

Social marketing

spf logic model for reducing high risk drinking 18 257
SPF Logic Model for Reducing High Risk Drinking 18-25

Consequence/

Consumption

Patterns

Strategies

Risk & Protective Factors

Low perceived risk of alcohol

Media advocacy to increase community concern

Social norms accepting and/or encouraging underage drinking

Social marketing

Young Adult Binge Drinking

Enforce underage retail sales law

Low enforcement

Easy social access

Social event monitoring and enforcement

Young Adult Drinking and Driving

Parental Monitoring/

Family Cohesion

Parentaleducation

Promotion and pricing

Restrictions on alcohol advertising

Availability of screening/early intervention

Early Intervention

goals
Goals

Goals are the long-term measurable changes that you are trying to achieve based on your needs and resources assessment & the state- identified priorities.

example of a logic model goals
Example of a Logic Model - Goals

Goal Objectives Strategies Activities Outcomes

There is a

decrease

in underage

drinking

by 14-18 year olds

objectives
Objectives

Objectives are the specific, measurable results that you plan to achieve with specific strategies. They serve as the basis by which to evaluate your initiative:

A good objective includes

Who or what is to change

a date by when the change will be accomplished

describes how much change you hope to see

whether that indicator will increase or decrease

who will be affected

example of a logic model objectives
Example of a Logic Model - Objectives

Goal Objectives Strategies Activities Outcomes

Retail

Availability

By June 2008

a 15% decrease

in the number

of youth who

gain access to

alcohol

through

retail

establishments

There is a

decrease in

underage

drinking

in 14-18

year olds

additional sample objective
Additional Sample Objective

Retail Availability

By June 2008, there will be a 25% increase in number of clerks that check IDs in retail establishments that sell alcohol

By June 2008, there will be a 50% increase in retail clerks who know how to identify fake IDs in retail establishments that sell alcohol

example of a logic model strategies
Example of a Logic Model - Strategies

GoalObjectivesStrategies Activities Outcomes

There is a

decrease in

underage

drinking

among 14-18

year olds

in the

community

of Lincoln

Retail

Availability

By June 2008

a 15% decrease

in the number

of youth who gain

access to

alcohol through

retail

establishments

Merchant

Education

Compliance

Checks

Shoulder

Taps

selecting prevention strategies
Selecting Prevention Strategies

Key Questions

How will the selected strategies address the risk and protective factors and objectives identified in the assessment process?

Are the strategies evidence-based?

What other strategies/programs exist in your community to address the identified problem?

Can the strategies selected achieve your desired outcomes?

14

sample criteria for selecting strategies
Sample Criteria for Selecting Strategies

Effectiveness

Matching strategy/program requirements with agency capacities

Resources

Cultural assumptions

Target population

Organizational climate

Community climate

Evaluability

Future sustainability

Source: CSAP’s Northeast CAPT. (2004). Enriching Prevention Using Evidence Based Practices

Retrieved July , 2003.

15

selecting best fit prevention interventions
Selecting Best Fit Prevention Interventions

Identify

Types of

Strategies

Select Specific

Programs,

Practices

& Policies

Best Fit

Prevention

Interventions

Ensure

Effectiveness

Demonstrate Evidence of Effectiveness

Demonstrate Practical Fit

Demonstrate Conceptual Fit

Relevant?

Practical?

Effective?

16

activities
Activities

Activities are the specific steps and actions that are necessary to implement each strategy

example of a logic model activities
Example of a Logic Model - Activities

GoalObjectivesStrategies Activities Outcomes

There is a

decrease in

underage

drinking among

14-18 year

olds

in the

community

of Lincoln

Retail

Availability

By June 2008

a 15% decrease

in the number

of youth who gain

access to

alcohol through

retail

establishments

Merchant

Education

- Determine content of program

-Determine incentives

-Assess who to train, barriers to training

-Outreach to merchants

short term outcomes
Short-Term Outcomes

What are the measurable changes you expect to see in the identified risk and projective factors (i.e. objectives)

Outcomes should contain the following elements:

What will change?

For Whom?

By how much (magnitude of change)

By when (what time period) will the change occur?

example of a logic model activities20
Example of a Logic Model - Activities

GoalObjectivesStrategies Activities Short-term Outcomes

There is a

decrease in

underage

drinking

among

14-18 year

olds

in the

community

of Lincoln

Retail

Availability

By June 2008

a 15% decrease

in the number

of youth who gain

access to

alcohol through

retail

establishments

Merchant

Education

- Determine content of program

-Determine incentives

-Assess who to train, barriers to training

-Outreach to merchants

Compliance

among

merchants will

increase by 30%

by 2008 as

measured

compliance

rate checks

long term outcomes
Long-Term Outcomes

Describe the extent of the change (the percentage of increase or decrease) you hope for;

Identify the target population or group you want to impact;

Specify the behavior, condition, or knowledge you hope to change; and,

Include a timeframe in which the change can be expected.

example of a logic model activities22
Example of a Logic Model - Activities

GoalObjectivesStrategies Activities Short-term Long-term Outcomes Outcomes

There is a

decrease in

underage

drinking

among

14-18 year

olds

in the

community

of Lincoln

Retail

Availability

By June 2008

a 15%

decrease

in the number

of youth who

gain

access to

alcohol

through

retail

establishments

Merchant

Education

-Determine content of program

-Determine incentives

-Assess who to train, barriers to training

-Outreach to merchants

Compliance

among

merchants

will increase

by 30%

by 2008 as

measured

Compliance

rates checks

A decrease

in 30 day use

among youth

ages 14-18

as measured

by the YRBS

guiding principles related to planning
Guiding Principles related to planning
  • Cultural Competency
  • Sustainability
  • Participatory Involvement
  • Continuous Quality Improvement

You are to add the four guiding principles here.

cultural competence and planning
Cultural Competence and Planning

Cultural Competence:

“A set of behaviors, attitudes and policies

that come together in a system, agency, or

program or among individuals, enabling

them to function effectively in diverse

cultural interactions and similarities within,

among, and between groups.”

Sources: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

culturally competent goals objectives strategies activities evidence based approaches
Culturally Competent Goals, Objectives, Strategies, Activities, & Evidence Based Approaches
  • How do we ensure that cultural awareness exists in effective program planning?
  • How do the decisions made by the planning process directly affect people’s lives?
  • How would you involve your priority population in their development?
culturally competent goals objectives strategies and activities
Culturally Competent Goals, Objectives, Strategies, and Activities

■ Is the process reflective of the interests of the priority population?

■What are some of the cultural beliefs and attitudes towards prevention and how may they be different in diverse sub-populations?

■Do they account for cultural elements such as language, attitudes, rites of passage, gender roles, values, norms, customs, etc?

■Are there cultural considerations that need to be considered in the adaptation and tailoring of evidence-based approaches?

elements of sustainability in spf step 3 planning
Elements of sustainability in SPF step 3 Planning
  • What elements of sustainability are present in step 3
  • How do we know if those elements are present (what indicators might be present)

>>>What are some guiding questions…

action areas for spf step 3 planning
Action areas for SPF step 3 Planning …

1. Structures and Formal Linkages

2. Policies and Procedures

3. Resources

4. Expertise

5. Quality and Accountability

6. Effectiveness (step 3)

7. Reach and Alignment (step 3)

8. Relationships

9. Champions

10. Ownership

guiding questions
Guiding questions
  • Does the strategy address problems identified through the data-driven process?
  • Does the strategy match the characteristics of the target population?
  • What, if anything, needs to be done to increase alignment between the needs of the target population and the strategies implemented to address these needs?