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Explaining Stroke _ Stroke is a Brain Attack! - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Explaining Stroke _ Stroke is a Brain Attack!. Be Stroke Smart. The “3 R’s” of Stroke:. Reduce Stroke Risk. Recognize Stroke Symptoms. Respond : At the first sign of stroke, Call 911 or Get to the Hospital Fast!. 80% of all Strokes are Preventable!. Definition of Stroke.

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Explaining Stroke


Stroke is a Brain Attack!

be stroke smart
Be Stroke Smart

The “3 R’s” of Stroke:

Reduce Stroke Risk

Recognize Stroke Symptoms

Respond: At the first sign of stroke,

Call 911 or Get to the Hospital Fast!

80% of all Strokes are Preventable!

definition of stroke
Definition of Stroke
  • Sudden brain damage
  • Lack of blood flow to the brain caused by a clot or rupture of a blood vessel

Ischemic = Clot

(most common)



  • Hemorrhagic = Bleed
    • - Bleeding around brain
    • - Bleeding into brain
brain attack
Brain Attack!
  • Stroke is a “Brain Attack.”
  • Stroke happens in the brain not the heart
  • Stroke is an emergency. Call 911 for emergency treatment.
prominent people who had strokes
Mary Kay Ash

Charles Schultz

Harry Caray

Charles Dickens

Ed Koch

Ted Williams

President Gerald Ford

Teddy Bruschi

Sharon Stone

Della Reese

Kirk Douglas

Roy Horn of Siegfried & Roy

Prominent PeopleWho Had Strokes
stroke facts in america
Stroke Facts in America
  • Third leading cause of death in the United States
  • 750,000 Americans suffer strokes each year
  • 150,000 deaths each year
  • 6,000,000 stroke survivors
stroke facts in america7
Stroke Facts in America
  • A leading cause of adult disability
  • Up to 80% or 600,000 strokes are preventable
  • Every 45 seconds, someone suffers a stroke
  • Twice as many women die from stroke every year than from breast cancer
african americans stroke
African Americans & Stroke
  • Incidence is nearly double that of Caucasians
  • African Americans suffer more extensive physical impairments
  • Twice as likely to die from stroke
  • High incidence of risk factors for stroke
        • Hypertension
        • Diabetes
        • Obesity
        • Smoking
        • Sickle cell anemia
women stroke
Women & Stroke
  • Stroke kills more than twice as many American women every year as breast cancer
  • More women than men die from stroke
  • Women over age 30 who smoke and take high-estrogen oral contraceptives have a stroke risk 22 times higher than average
stroke symptoms
Stroke Symptoms

Severe headache

Sudden confusion

Trouble speaking

Trouble seeing

in one or both eyes

Sudden numbness

Sudden dizziness

If you see someone having any of these symptoms, Get to the Hospital Fast!


Call 911: Every Minute Counts

think fast
Think FAST!
  • F = Face: ask the person to smile
  • A = Arm: ask the person to raise both arms
  • S = Speech: ask the person to speak a simple sentence
  • T = Time: to call 911
tia or mini stroke
TIA or Mini-Stroke
  • Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) are a warning sign of stroke
  • Symptoms of TIAs are same as stroke
  • Symptoms resolve within minutes to hours
  • More than 1/3 of TIA patients will have a stroke
  • National Stroke Association’s Recurrent Stroke Prevention Guidelines
the perceptions of stroke

Stroke is not preventable

Stroke cannot be treated

Stroke only strikes the elderly

Stroke happens in the heart

Stroke recovery ends after 6 months


Up to 80% percent of strokes are preventable

Stroke requires emergency treatment

Anyone can have a stroke

Stroke is a “Brain Attack”

Stroke recovery can last a lifetime

The Perceptions of Stroke
the cost of stroke
The Cost of Stroke

More than $62 Billion Annually

up to 80 of strokes are preventable

Up to 80% of strokes are preventable!

National Stroke Association developed

these guidelines to help people reduce

their risk for stroke…

national stroke association s stroke prevention guidelines
National Stroke Association’sStroke Prevention Guidelines
  • Know your blood pressure. Have it checked at least annually. If it is elevated, work with your doctor to control it.
  • Find out if you have atrial fibrillation(AF). AF is a type of irregular heart beat.
  • If you smoke, stop.
national stroke association s stroke prevention guidelines continued
National Stroke Association’sStroke Prevention Guidelines(continued)

4.If youdrink alcohol, do so in moderation.

5. If you have high cholesterol, work with your doctor to control it.

6. If you are diabetic, follow your doctor’s recommendations carefully to control your diabetes.

national stroke association s stroke prevention guidelines continued18
National Stroke Association’sStroke Prevention Guidelines(continued)

7.Include exercise in the activities you enjoy in your daily routine

8. Enjoy a lower sodium (salt), lower fat diet

  • Work with your doctor if you have circulation problems

10. If you experience any stroke symptoms, seek immediate medical attention. Get to the hospital fast or call 911.

reasons patients don t seek immediate treatment
Reasons Patients Don’t Seek Immediate Treatment
  • Don’t recognize symptoms
  • Denial
  • Think nothing can be done
  • Worry about cost
  • Think symptoms will disappear
  • Fear hospitals
acute stroke treatment
Acute Stroke Treatment

Ischemic stroke (Brain Clot)

Clot Buster: Tissue Plasminogen Activator (t-PA)

Devices: Merci Retriever

Hemorrhagic Stroke (Brain Bleed)



stroke recovery
Stroke Recovery
  • 10% of stroke survivors recover almost completely
  • 25% recover with minor impairments
  • 40% experience moderate to severe impairments requiring special care
  • 10% require care within either a skilled-care or other long-term care facility
  • 15% die shortly after the stroke
types of stroke rehabilitation
Physical Therapy (PT)

Walking, range of movement

Occupational Therapy (OT)

Taking care of one’s self

Speech Language Therapy

Communication skill, swallowing, cognition

Recreational Therapy

Cooking, gardening, etc.

Types of Stroke Rehabilitation
life at home for stroke survivors and family
Life at Home for Stroke Survivors and Family
  • Behavior
  • Depression & Anger
  • Emotional Liability
  • One-sided Neglect
  • Memory Loss
  • Communication Problems
life at home for stroke survivors and family24
Life at Home for StrokeSurvivors and Family
  • Daily living skills
  • Dressing and grooming
  • Diet, nutrition and eating difficulties
  • Skin care problems
  • Pain
  • Sexuality/Intimacy
recovery services
Recovery Services
  • Rehabilitation Unit in the Hospital
  • In-patient Rehabilitation Facility
  • Home Bound Therapy
  • Home with Outpatient Therapy
  • Long-term Care Facility
  • Community-based Programs
reduce the impact of stroke
Reduce the Impact of Stroke
  • Stroke is a Brain Attack!
    • Preventable and treatable
  • The “3 R’s” of Stroke
    • Reduce Risk
    • Recognize Stroke Symptoms
    • Respond immediately: Get to the hospital fast, or call 911. Every minute counts!
national stroke association
National Stroke Association
  • Reduce the Incidence and Impact of Stroke
  • Advocate Stroke Prevention and Public Education
  • Promote Professional Education and Training
  • Advance Stroke Research
  • Serve as a Resource for Stroke Survivors and Caregivers
national stroke association29

National Stroke Association

Toll-Free Information:

1-800-STROKES (787-6537)