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Teacher Implemented Learning Strategies for English Language Learners. Amanda DeFelice October 31, 2007. Introduction.
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October 31, 2007
It is estimated that by the year 2015, the average classroom will have a fifty percent or more population of students from culturally diverse backgrounds. With this in mind, it’s obvious that the population of English Language Learners will increase as well. It is essential for teachers to learn and implement a variety of strategies because even though ELL’s may not speak English fluently, they still deserve an equitable opportunity to achieve success.
There are several strategies that will be discussed in this presentation. Most of the strategies are correlated to content instruction but I have also listed a few other strategies that can be used to increase the academic success of the English Language Learner.
This strategy is a step by step process of building students’ ability to complete tasks on their own.
Scaffolding can be used through modeling academic language, visuals, graphic organizers, demonstrations and hands-on learning activities.
Cooperative learning is not the same as group work. This exercise is designed to get ELL’s involved in activities that promote positive interactions as well as opportunities to speak and contribute their own ideas.
Cooperative learning activities need to be well organized and the students’ focus should remain on the tasks at hand.
Total Physical Response
This strategy was developed by James J. Asher in the 1960’s
The Total Physical Response strategy builds on the relationship between language and the physical representation of meaning.
A TPR lesson has a detailed series of consecutive actions accompanied by a series of instructions given by the teacher. Students use their bodies to “act” out the meaning of words and this helps ELL to understand the concepts of language and its meaning.
Native Language Support
Accessing Prior Knowledge
This website provides a lot of useful information to the ESL teacher and is easy to use. Topics range from tips on communication to teaching to a specific learning style.
This website features related links and several brief articles that deal with issues in regards to teaching the English Language Learner.
This web site is designed and targeted toward Teachers of English. It provides articles and resources on a wide variety of topics that pertain to English.
This website contains information and resources for all teachers. This site also has statistics and policies related to English Language Acquisition.
This website has useful tips and tools as well as articles, lesson plans, rubrics, and other informative materials. It is well formatted and user friendly.
Solomon, Margaret, Lalas, Jose, & Franklin, Carol(2006) Making Instructional Adaptations for English Language in the Mainstream Classroom: Is it Good Enough? Multicultural Education 13 (3) 42-45
Miller Channas, Paul, & Endo, Hidehiro (2004) Understanding and Meeting The Needs of ESl Students Phi Delta Kappan 85 (10) 786-791
Each of these articles from the listed journals are beneficial to teachers and psychologists. They are helpful in creating awareness of the different strategies that are useful with the ELL.