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Day 35: The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute October 24 , 2011 A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green. The New Government. Objective: Students will: evaluate to what extent Jefferson contradicted himself once he became President of the U.S.
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Baltimore Polytechnic Institute
October 24, 2011
A.P. U.S. History
Objective: Students will:
evaluate to what extent Jefferson contradicted himself once he became President of the U.S.
Explain how Jefferson’s idealistic Revolution of 1800 proved to be more moderate and practical once he began exercising presidential power.
Describe the conflicts between Federalists and Republicans over the judiciary and how John Marshall turned the Supreme Court into a bastion of conservative, federalist power to balance the rise of Jeffersonian democracy
Extra Credit assignment due Tuesday
1. One of the first lessons learned by the Jeffersonians after their victory in the 1800 presidential election was
a) the need to strengthen diplomatic ties with Britain.
b) to go off the gold standard.
c) to decrease tariffs.
d) to institute an excise tax.
e) that it is easier to condemn from the stump than to govern consistently.
2. Though Jefferson won the popular and electoral vote, a strange deadlock led to the election being decided
a) in the Senate.
b) by the Electoral College.
c) in the House of Representatives.
d) by the Supreme Court.
e) by the Electoral Commission.
3. Thomas Jefferson's “Revolution of 1800” was remarkable in that it
a) moved the United States away from its democratic ideals.
b) marked the peaceful and orderly transfer of power on the basis of election results accepted by all parties.
c) occurred after he left the presidency.
d) caused America to do what the British had been doing for a generation regarding the election of a legislative body.
e) was in no way a revolution.
4. As president, Thomas Jefferson's stand on several political issues that he had previously championed
a) remained unchanged.
b) was reversed.
c) grew even more rigid.
d) compelled him to repeal the Alien and Sedition Acts.
e) caused him to reject slavery.
5. Thomas Jefferson and his followers opposed John Adams's last-minute appointment of new federal judges mainly because
a) the men appointed were of poor quality.
b) they believed that the appointments were unconstitutional.
c) they did not want a showdown with the Supreme Court.
d) it was an attempt by a defeated party to entrench itself in the government.
e) these judges were not needed.
Split with Adams/Hamilton
Increased public debt
New taxes/stamp tax
Revolution of 1800
Why was the election decided in the House of Representatives?
The 2 Jeffersons
Jefferson #1: states’ rights, weak federal government
Jefferson #2: left Federalist programs for funding the government intact
Judiciary Act of 1801
Marbury v. Madison
Reduced the military to 2500 officers and men
US Federalist administrations paid tribute to Algiers while denouncing the XYZ affair
Jefferson sent the small navy to the North Coast of Africa for 4 years of intermittent fighting
Outcome: treaty of peace from Tripoli in 1805 for $60,000
Napoleon convinced king of Spain to cede the Louisiana territory to France
Frontier farmers needed New Orleans open for deposit
Jefferson sent an envoy to France to make a deal for 10 million
Napoleon decided to sell all of Louisiana for 15 million
Santo Domingo (Haiti)
Money for war with Britain
How did events in Europe impact America’s foreign diplomacy?
Evaluate to what extent Thomas Jefferson contradicted himself when he became President of the United States.
What is the purpose of the text?
Who wrote the text?
Identify the position of the author.
What are the big takeaways from this document?