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Chapter 32-36. Theories on Communism. Domino Theory -1 country falls to communism, whole region becomes communist Non-alignment - policy of neutrality Example: Indian didn’t side w/ U.S. or U.S.S.R in Cold War. India after WWII. Partition of India (1947)

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theories on communism
Theories on Communism
  • Domino Theory -1 country falls to communism, whole region becomes communist
  • Non-alignment - policy of neutrality
    • Example: Indian didn’t side w/ U.S. or U.S.S.R in Cold War
india after wwii
India after WWII
  • Partition of India (1947)
      • India divided into Muslim & Hindu states (Pakistan & India)
      • Very violent
  • Indira Gandhi
    • 1st female leader of Independent India 1964
communist china
Communist China
  • Mao Zedong
    • Communist Chinese leader 1949
  • Mao’s programs of reform
    • Great Leap Forward
      • Failed economic plan
    • Cultural Revolution
      • Violent campaign to rid China old ways and instill socialist customs
  • Tiananmen Square Massacre
    • Pro-democracy student protests put down violently 1989
korean war
Korean War
  • War b/w Communist N. Korea and Democratic S. Korea
  • Cease fire 1953
    • Divided Korea 38th parallel
vietnam war 1945 1975
Vietnam War 1945 - 1975
  • Ho Chi Minh
    • Communist N. Vietnam leader
  • Viet Minh
    • Ho Chi Minh’s guerilla fighters
  • End of Vietnam War
    • South surrendered to North
    • Vietnam united into one, under communism
cambodia during vietnam war
Cambodia during Vietnam War
  • Home of Ho Chi Minh Trail
  • Taken o/ Khmer Rouge
    • Communist political party led by Pol Pot
    • Committed acts of genocide
africa after wwii
Africa after WWII
  • Pan-Africanism
    • Nationalistic movement for cultural unity & freedom in Africa
south africa
South Africa
  • Apartheid
    • “apartness”
    • Policy segregation in S. Africa
    • Ended 1994
  • Nelson Mandela
    • Led campaign against apartheid
    • Became first president of new S. Africa
suez canal crisis
Suez Canal Crisis
  • 1956 Egyptian President Adel Nasser nationalized Suez Canal
    • Consequence – GB, France, Israel attacked Egypt
    • Crisis diverted by U.S. President Eisenhower
tensions b w israel palestine
Tensions b/w Israel & Palestine
  • Israel founded 1948
    • This upset Arab Palestinians & fighting ensued
    • After repeated losses, Palestinians lost hope in gov. ability to reclaim Palestinian land and started guerilla org. PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization)
1971 iranian revolution
1971 Iranian Revolution
  • Ayatollah Khomeini o/threw Reza Shah Pahlavi
persian gulf war 1990 1991
Persian Gulf War 1990-1991
  • AKA Operation Desert Storm
  • Cause: Saddam Hussein, leader of Iraq, invaded Kuwait
  • Outcome: U.S. and coalition forces removed Saddam from Kuwait, not from Iraq
slide14
OPEC
  • Org. of Petroleum Exporting Countries
cuban missile crisis
Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Standoff b/w U.S. (JFK) and U.S.S.R. (Khrushchev) in Cuba (Castro)
  • U.S.S.R placed missiles in Communist Cuba
    • Reason – to protect Cuba from U.S. invasion
      • Cuba fearful of invasion b/c U.S. tried to o/throw Castro in failed Bay of Pigs invasion
  • Crisis avoided
nafta
NAFTA
  • North American Free Trade Agreement
    • Canada, U.S. and Mexico
germany
Germany
  • Ostpolitik “Eastern Policy” (1969)
    • W. Germany’s attempt to improve relations with E. Europe
fall of communism
Fall of Communism
  • 1970’s Brezhnev Doctrine
    • USSR intervene in any country moving away from communism
  • 1985 Mikhail Gorbachev
    • Began series of reforms:
      • Perestroika “restructuring”
      • Glasnost “openness”
    • New democratic reforms made it hard to keep USSR together
  • 1991 USSR fell
    • Boris Yeltsin became president new Russian Federation
modern world population and climate
Modern World Population and Climate
  • 2003, 6.3 billion people
    • Effect increase pollution
  • Effects of pollution:
    • Acid rain – toxic rain
    • Greenhouse effect – warming of earth’s temp., increased desertification and water levels
    • Thinning ozone layer
advances in science
Advances in Science
  • Laser – intense beam travels in straight line
    • Used in communications and medicine
  • Genetics – study heredity
    • Understanding genetic code could lead to new cures or cloning
advances in travel
Advances in Travel
  • Air plane
  • Space shuttle
    • Apollo 11
      • 1st moon landing