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The Six Traits of Writing: An Overview. FCAT Rubric. Comparing Rubrics. FCAT Writing Write Traits (4 traits) (6 traits) Focus Ideas Organization Organization Support Ideas Voice Word Choice Conventions Sentence Fluency Conventions. What are the Six Traits of Writing?.

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Comparing rubrics
Comparing Rubrics

FCAT WritingWrite Traits

(4 traits)(6 traits)





Word Choice

ConventionsSentence Fluency


What are the six traits of writing
What are the Six Traits of Writing?

The Six Traits of Writing is a rubric-based model for teaching writing. It is a way of thinking about writing and understanding what creates writing success. It teaches students to become assessors of their own writing, which contributes to intelligence, develops initiative and courage, increases students’ personal knowledge and self-esteem, and encourages reading skills.

The six traits of writing qualities teachers look for in writing
The Six Traits of Writing: Qualities Teachers Look for in Writing




Word Choice

Sentence Fluency




Focus—a small, easy to manage topic

Good information—from experience, imagination, or research

A fresh perspective

Important, helpful details that go beyond the obvious


  • A snappy lead that gets the

    reader’s attention

  • Order and logic

  • Clear connections to a main idea

  • In tech or business writing, gets to the point!

  • Easy to follow

  • A graceful ending—doesn’t just STOP


Sounds human—not like technospeak

Has the mark of this particular writer

Brings the topic to life

Is appropriate for the audience, topic, purpose

Shows conscious concern for reader’s interests, informational needs

In tech writing, doesn’t bore the reader, but doesn’t overwhelm the message either

Word choice
Word Choice

  • Moments that stick with you

  • Strong verbs, precise nouns—

    no modifier overload

  • Word pictures

  • “Just right” language—suits the topic, audience, purpose

  • Simple language used well—not written to impress

  • Minimal redundancy

  • Technical terms defined as needed

Sentence fluency
Sentence Fluency

  • Rhythmic

  • Easy to read aloud—inviting

  • Varied sentence length

  • Tendency toward shorter, crisper sentences in tech/business writing

  • Purposeful sentence beginnings:

    Now, After a while, Because of this, Nevertheless, As a result, Consequently, However, Therefore…

Conventions and presentation
Conventions and Presentation

  • Looks clean, edited, proofread

  • Easy to decode and follow—conventions enhance meaning

  • No BIG, GLARING errors that distract the reader or distort the message

  • Checking citations (if they’re used)

  • Going over layout to ensure information is effectively presented