Gum Disease Presented By
Gum disease is usually caused by a build-up of plaque on teeth and along the gum line. Plaque is a sticky coating containing bacteria. The immune system tries to get rid of plaque with an inflammation response. This is seen by the redness and swelling of the gum around the tooth.
Types of Gum Diseases Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort at this stage. Gingivitis is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good oral home care. Gingivitis
When gingivitis is left untreated, it can advance to periodontitis. In a person with periodontitis, the inner layer of the gum and bone pull away from the teeth and form pockets. These small spaces between teeth and gums collect debris and can become infected. The body's immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. Periodontitis
Genetics Stress Periodontitis... ...untreated ..tooth loss Plaque Formation Gingivitis Smoking Nutrtion Development of Gingivitis and Periodontitis
Prevention of Gum Diseases Brushing after meals Using a mouthwash can help reduce plaque and can remove remaining food particles that brushing and flossing missed. Flossing at least once a day helps remove food particles and plaque between teeth.
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