slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
The Industrial Revolution

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 84

The Industrial Revolution - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 95 Views
  • Uploaded on

The Industrial Revolution. Historical significance of the Industrial Revolution. An ancient Greek or Roman would have been just as comfortable in Europe in 1700 because daily life ws not much difernt -agriculture and tech ology were not much cha nged in 2000+ years

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Industrial Revolution' - denise


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1
The

Industrial

Revolution

historical significance of the industrial revolution
Historical significance of the Industrial Revolution
  • An ancient Greek or Roman would have been just as comfortable in Europe in 1700 because daily life ws not much difernt-agriculture and tech ology were not much cha nged in 2000+ years
  • The Industrial Revolution changed human life drastically
  • More was created in the last 240+ years than in the previous 2500+ years of human history
slide3
Why Did

Industrialization

Begin in

England First?

slide4
Industrial England:

"Workshop

of the World"

That Nation of Shopkeepers! -- Napoleon Bonaparte

slide8
Early Canals

Britain’s Earliest Transportation Infrastructure

slide9
Factory Production
  • Concentrates production in oneplace [materials, labor].
  • Located near sources of power [rather than labor or markets].
  • Requires a lot of capital investment[factory, machines, etc.] morethan skilled labor.
  • Only 10% of English industry in 1850.
slide12
Textiles: Why is this the first Industry in England?

New Inventions

of the

Industrial Revolution

slide19
Coalfields & Industrial Centers

Factories are relocated near raw materials, workers and ports

slide22
Child Labor in the Mines

Child “hurriers”

slide27
Expansion of world trade
  • Factory system
  • Mass production of goods
  • Industrial capitalism
  • Increased standard of living
  • Unemployment

Economic Changes

  • Decline of landed aristocracy
  • Growth and expansion of democracy
  • Increased government involvement in society
  • Increased power of industrialized nations
  • Nationalism and imperialism stimulated

Political Changes

  • Development and growth of cities
  • Improved status and earning power of women
  • Increase in leisure time
  • Population increases
  • Problems – economic insecurity, increased deadliness of war, urban slums, etc.
  • Science and research stimulated

Social Changes

slide28
Communication and Transportation Revolution

Steam Ship

Steam Locomotive

Modern Railway Age

  • the most important of which was the Liverpool and Manchester line of 1830
  • ability to haul its train at over 30 miles per hour
  • set the standard for locomotive design
  • A railway boom and mania followed during the 1840s
slide35
Crystal Palace Exhibition: 1851

Exhibitions of the new industrial utopia.

slide39
The "Haves":

Bourgeois Life

Thrived on the

Luxuries of the

Industrial Revolution

slide44
The "Have-Nots":

The Poor,

The Over-Worked,

& the Destitute

slide47
Problems of Pollution

The Silent Highwayman - 1858

slide57
The Luddites: 1811-1816

Attacks on the “frames” [power looms].

Ned Ludd [a mythical figure supposed to live in Sherwood Forest]

slide61
Peterloo Massacre, 1819

BritishSoldiers Fire on BritishWorkers:Let us die like men, and not be sold like slaves!

slide63
The “Peoples’ Charter”
  • Drafted in 1838 by William Lovett.
  • Radical campaign for Parliamentary reform of the inequalities created by the Reform Bill of 1832.
  • Votes for all men.
  • Equal electoral districts.
  • Abolition of the requirement that Members of Parliament [MPs] be property owners.
  • Payment for Members of Parliament.
  • Annual general elections.
  • The secret ballot.
slide64
The Chartists

A female Chartist

A physical force—Chartists arming for the fight.

slide65
Anti-Corn Law League, 1845
  • Give manufactures more outlets for their products.
  • Expand employment.
  • Lower the price of bread.
  • Make British agriculture more efficient and productive.
  • Expose trade and agriculture to foreign competition.
  • Promote international peace through trade contact.
slide66
New Ways

of

Thinking

slide67
Thomas Malthus
  • Population growth willoutpace the food supply.
  • War, disease, or faminecould control population.
  • The poor should have less children.
  • Food supply will then keep up with population.
slide68
David Ricardo
  • “Iron Law of Wages.”
  • When wages are high,workers have morechildren.
  • More children create alarge labor surplus thatdepresses wages.
slide69
The Utilitarians:Jeremy Bentham & John Stuart Mill
  • The goal of society is the greatest good for the greatest number.
  • There is a role to play for government intervention to provide some social safetynet.
slide71
The Socialists:Utopians & Marxists
  • People as a society would operate and own themeans of production, not individuals.
  • Their goal was a society that benefited everyone, not just a rich, well-connected few.
  • Tried to build perfect communities [utopias].
slide72
Br. Govt. Response

to the Dislocation

Created by

Industrialization

slide73
Government Response
  • Abolition of slavery in the coloniesin 1832 [to raise wages in Britain].
  • Sadler Commissionto look intoworking conditions
    • Factory Act[1833] – child labor.
  • New Poor Law [1834] – indoor relief.
    • Poor houses.
  • Reform Bill[1832] – broadens thevote for the cities.
slide76
The Results of

Industrialization

at the end of the 19c

slide77
By 1850: Zones of Industrializationon the European Continent
  • Northeast France.
  • Belgium.
  • The Netherlands.
  • Western German states.
  • Northern Italy
  • East Germany  Saxony
slide81
The Politics of Industrialization
  • State ownership of some industries.
    • RRs  Belgium & most of Germany.
  • Tariffs  British Corn Laws.
  • National Banks granted a monopoly on issuing bank notes.
    • Bank of England.
    • Bank of France.
  • Companies required to register with the government & publish annual budgets.
  • New legislation to:
    • Establish limited liability.
    • Create rules for the formation of corporations.
  • Postal system.
  • Free trade zones  Ger. Zollverein
slide82
Bibliographic Sources
  • “Images of the Industrial Revolution.”Mt. Holyoke College. http://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/ind_rev/images/images-ind-era.html
  • “The Peel Web: A Web of English History.”http://dspace.dial.pipex.com/mbloy/c-eight/primary.htm
  • Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
slide83
Late 18c: French Economic Advantages
  • Napoleonic Code.
  • French communal law.
    • Free contracts
    • Open markets
    • Uniform & clear commercial regulations
  • Standards weights & measures.
  • Established technical schools.
  • The government encouraged & honored inventors & inventions.
  • Bank of France  European modelproviding a reliable currency.
slide84
French Economic Disadvantages
  • Years of war
    • Supported the AmericanRevolution.
    • French Revolution.
    • Early 19c  Napoleonic Wars
  • Heavy debts.
  • High unemployment  soldiersreturning from the battlefronts.
  • French businessmen were afraid to take risks.
ad