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Color Theory. Hue, Tint, Tone, Shade. What is color?. the appearance of objects (or light sources) described in terms of a person''s perception of their hue and lightness (or brightness) and saturation. So then how is it made?.

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color theory

Color Theory

Hue, Tint, Tone, Shade

what is color
What is color?
  • the appearance of objects (or light sources) described in terms of a person''s perception of their hue and lightness (or brightness) and saturation
so then how is it made
So then how is it made?
  • Believe it or not, but the reason we have color is because we have light! Color is the way our eyes interpret the energies contained within a beam of light!
  • The energies of light contain a large spectrum of colors. When light touches an object, some of these energies are absorbed (taken in) by it, and others are reflected (cast back). – It’s the energies that are reflected which your eyes collect and then interpret as a specific color!
the color wheel
The Color Wheel
  • Colors on the color wheel are divided into three groups:
  • -Primary
  • -Secondary
  • Tertiary
primary
Primary
  • Red, Yellow and Blue
  • Primary colors cannot be made by combining other colors, but all colors can be made from them.
secondary
Secondary
  • Orange (red + yellow), Green (yellow + blue), Violet (blue + red)
  • Secondary colors are made by combining two primary colors.
intermediate
Intermediate
  • Yellow-Orange, Yellow-Green, Blue-Green, Blue-Violet, Red-Violet, Red-Orange
  • Intermediate colors are made by combining a primary color and a secondary color. The resulting color name lists the primary color first, followed by the secondary color.
complementary
Complementary
  • Opposite hues on the color wheel
  • Give me an example of Complementary Colors?
complementary1
Complementary
  • What happens when you mix two complementary colors together?
  • You create brown, or a neutral color.
  • A neutral color means without color. Example: beige, tan, ivory, taupe etc.
analogous
Analogous
  • Analogous color schemes use colors that are next to each other on the color wheel. They usually match well and create serene and comfortable designs.
  • Analogous color schemes are often found in nature and are harmonious and pleasing to the eye.
hue also referred to as color
Hue: (Also referred to as color)
  • Hue ranges from warm to cool
Hue is what we usually mean when we ask “what color is that?” The characteristic of color that we are actually asking about is “hue”. For example, when we talk about colors that are red, yellow, green and blue, we are talking about hue.
shade
Shade:
  • The shade of a color refers to how dark it is. It is the combination of a hue and black. Thus, burgundy is a shade of red, hunter is a shade of green, and rust is a shade of orange.
slide13
Tint
  • A tint is a color to which white has been added to make it lighter. Take pink, for instance. Pink is a color, but it's also a tint of red.
slide14
Tone
  • A Tone is created by adding both White and Black. Any color that is "greyed down" is considered a Tone.
  • Black + White= Gray
temperature
Temperature
  • Warm Colors: Red, Orange, and Yellow
  • Cool Colors: Green, Blue, and Purple
  • Warm colors are vivid and energetic, and tend to advance in space.
  • Cool colors give an impression of calm, and create a soothing impression.
  • White, black and gray are considered to be neutral.
intensity also referred to as saturation
Intensity: (also referred to as saturation)
  • Intensity ranges from vivid to dull
  • All hues on the color wheel are at their maximum intensity, or most vivid. You can dull any hue by adding gray. The amount of dulling is controlled by the strength of the gray added.
split complementary color
Split complementary color
  • One hue and hues on each side of its complement