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INTRODUCTION (Characteristics of Korean)

INTRODUCTION (Characteristics of Korean)

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INTRODUCTION (Characteristics of Korean)

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  1. INTRODUCTION (Characteristicsof Korean) • Name of the language: • Korean: International name following the country name using this language; they are Republic of Korea (south) and People’s Republic of Korea (north) • Hangugeo (한국어): After the name, Hangug (한국), by which ROK people calls their own country. ‘Eo (어)’ means language. Often called simply Gugeo (국어). • Joseonmal (조선말): Following the name Joseon (조선), bywhich PRK people calls theit own country. • Goryeoeo (고려어): The Korean used among the Korean people, Goryeoin (고려인) inthe old USSR region • People who speaks Korean: ca. 78 million • ROK, PRK (the native language) • Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in People's Republic of China (official language with Chinese) • Other immigrant societies in Central Asia, Japan, USA etc.

  2. Distribution of Korean-speaking populations Korean dialects From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_Language

  3. Classification • Isolated? (Song, 2005) • Altaic? (Ramstedt, 1928) • Writingsystem • Hangul – a phonogram (<--> ideogram) • Sounds • Allophones: 숨, 낫 • Morphophonemics: 은/는, 을/를, 이/가 • Linking: 맞이  마지 • Others • Grammar • Agglutinative language – most words are formed by joining morphemes; 가다  간다, 갔다, 갈까?, 가라. • Structure of S + O or C + V; 나는 당신을 좋아합니다.

  4. Speech levels & honorifics • 존댓말 (from inferior) <-> 반말 (from superior) • 먹다 • 먹어라 • 먹어요 • 먹으세요 • 드세요

  5. REPUBLIC OF KOREA (대한민국) • General : • Area: 100,210 km2 (38,691 mi2) (38th,about 1/100 of USA) • Population: 50 million (25th, about 1/6 of USA) • GDP (nominal): $1.163 trillion (15th, 1/15 of USA) • Capital: Seoul (9.8 million inhabitants) • Ethnic groups: Korean (>99%) • Religions: Buddhism (23%), Protestant (18%), Catholic (11%), Others (1%), No religion (47%) • Geography & Climates: • Peninsula surrounded by Yellow, East, and South (Pacific) Sea • Mountainous (>70%) • Humid continental to humid subtropical • Distinct four seasons with stormy summer.

  6. kgreenpeople.com http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Korean_Peninsula http://blog.joinsmsn.com/media/folderListSlide.asp?uid=drjhoon&folder=42&list_id=10644701

  7. Seoul, Korea

  8. Industries : • Information Technology: Samsung, Hyundai, SK • Electronics: Samsung, LG, Daewoo • Automobiles: Hyundai, KIA, GM Daewoo, Reno Samsung, Ssangyong • Shipbuilding: Hyundai, Hanjin, Daewoo • Steel: POSKO, Hyundai • Chemicals: SK, Yukong, KCC • Others : • 10 UNESCO World heritage sites • Home of Taekwondo • Truce with North Korea • Baseball & soccer are the nationwide popular sports • Foods & drinks of her own