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People to know: Carl Sauer Thomas Malthus Rostow Wallerstein Von Thunen Weber Christaller Burgess Hoyt Harris Ullman

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People to know: Carl Sauer Thomas Malthus Rostow Wallerstein Von Thunen Weber Christaller Burgess Hoyt Harris Ullman - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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People to know: Carl Sauer Thomas Malthus Rostow Wallerstein Von Thunen Weber Christaller Burgess Hoyt Harris Ullman . People to know: Carl Sauer: cultural landscape Thomas Malthus: population growth faster than food supply would mean disaster Rostow : stage of economic development

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
People to know:
  • Carl Sauer
  • Thomas Malthus
  • Rostow
  • Wallerstein
  • Von Thunen
  • Weber
  • Christaller
  • Burgess
  • Hoyt
  • Harris Ullman
slide2
People to know:
  • Carl Sauer: cultural landscape
  • Thomas Malthus: population growth faster than food supply would mean disaster
  • Rostow: stage of economic development
  • Wallerstein: core-periphery model
  • Von Thunen: location theory for agriculture
  • Weber: location theory for industry/manufacturing
  • Christaller : central place theory
  • Burgess: Concentric urban model
  • Hoyt: Sector: urban model
  • Harris Ullman : multiple nuclei urban model
slide5
Rostow: stage of economic development

US economist Walter Rostow, argued that countries would progress through five stages

slide7
Strength of the Modernization model:

Over the long term, all countries are capable of development.

It has proved to works for some countries: Singapore, Hong Kong, South Korea, Taiwan (Asian Dragons) the American South, Czech Republic, Ireland

slide9
Wallerstein: core-periphery model

Immanuel Wallerstein, a leading advocate of the approach characterizes the world system as a set of mechanisms which redistributes resources from the periphery to the core.

slide10
Dependency School of Thought/Model (1970s).Sees low development levels as being a result of the LDCs economic dependency on the MDCs.
slide12
Von Thunen’s Agricultural ModelA land use model used to explain the importance of proximity to the market in the choice of crops on commercial farms(this created a concentric pattern: circles sharing the same centers)
slide13
Because farmers must pay to transport their produce to the market, and these costs are directly proportional to distance, the profit for each product declines as a straight line with increasing distance from the market
slide14
Weber’s least cost theoryaccounted for the location of a manufacturing plant in terms of the owner’s desire to minimize three categories of costs.

1. Transportation

2. Labor

3. Agglomeration

slide17
Weber used locational triangles to illustrate the impact of transport costs on industrial location.
slide19
B. Transporting raw materials costs less than finished product (maybe finished product delicate/more packaging)‏
slide37
Hoyt: Hot

Sector Model=Sexy model

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