Identifying Trends in the field of ESL. By: Lina Engelhart,Sebastiaan Van den Bergh, Isabelle Roulet and Jeremiah Scalia. Introduction:. Common professional background (ESL). 4 Trends:. - Use of L1 in L2 (target language) instruction - An increase in non-native ESL teachers
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By: Lina Engelhart,Sebastiaan Van den Bergh, Isabelle Roulet and Jeremiah Scalia
- Use of L1 in L2 (target language) instruction
- An increase in non-native ESL teachers
- Vocabulary sets: shift in instruction
- Technology in the ESL classroom
- focus on language, not message
- focus on vocabulary and grammar rules
- frequent error correction
- emphasis on interaction, conversation
- grammar used for clarifying meaning
High = students experience stress, anxiety, lack of self-confidence inhibiting success in L2 acquisition
Low = facilitates risk-taking behavior, enables learning of L2
“Language consists of grammaticalized lexis, not lexicalized grammar.” -Michael Lewis
Trending, Then and Now
SEMANTIC SETS– grouped according to category (e.g. furniture items, foods).
THEMATIC SETS – grouped under thematic concept (e.g. fishing, air travel).
UNRELATED SET - no semantic relation, nor are they expressly thematic in association. (frog, car, raining)
- unrelated sets (7.30)
- thematic sets (7.06)
- semantic sets (5.90)
Interference Theory - Similarity between vocabulary words learned at the same time hinders retention.
table shelf dresser couch
Unrelated Set: has dynamic/contrastive semantic relation
Frylock, Master Shake and Meatwad
from left to right:
Technology redefines nature of language learning
Positive & negative experiences
Negative: Direct Translators!
Txt Spk, Internet Language & Acronyms
“If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you
talk to a man in his language, that goes to his heart” - Nelson Mandela
Make a sentence as short as possible!
Reference 1: Chapter 5 - Observing Learning and Teaching in the Second Language Classroom
Reference 2: http://teachingpronunciation.pbworks.com/f/When+the+teacher+is+a+non-native+speaker.PDF
Reference 3: http://eldstrategies.com/affectivefilter.html (Krashen)
Reference 4: Thomas Tinkham, Second Language Research 1997 13; 138