nsp case study 3 piped rural water gret cambodia l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
NSP CASE study 3: Piped rural water (GRET), Cambodia PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
NSP CASE study 3: Piped rural water (GRET), Cambodia

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 11

NSP CASE study 3: Piped rural water (GRET), Cambodia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 158 Views
  • Uploaded on

NSP CASE study 3: Piped rural water (GRET), Cambodia. Manila, 20 April 2010. GRET Mini Piped Water Program. Cambodia: rural centers/small towns (< 5,000) 2001-2005: 14 small piped WS systems built Program cost: USD 870,000 (78% TA) Approx. 6,000 households connected (29,000 people)

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'NSP CASE study 3: Piped rural water (GRET), Cambodia' - denali


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
gret mini piped water program
GRET Mini Piped Water Program
  • Cambodia: rural centers/small towns (< 5,000)
  • 2001-2005: 14 small piped WS systems built
  • Program cost: USD 870,000 (78% TA)
  • Approx. 6,000 households connected (29,000 people)
  • High TA expenditure:
  • Contracted through Local Govt
  • External design & supervision
  • Assisted credit & guarantees
  • Subsidy (treatment works)
gret role of nsps
GRET: role of NSPs
  • 2/3 capital investment = private equity
  • Private piped = 77% coverage
  • Network serves central areas

(23% poorest beyond network)

  • Water tariff increases < 5% per year
  • Resale price control failed!

(intended to limit resale price to 125% tariff)

  • Little input to design, construction or business model
  • No investment for treatment works (100% subsidy)
gret nsp costs and benefits
GRET: NSP costs and benefits

Benefits

  • Capital cost per connection low = USD 32 (due to locally appropriate technical standards)
  • Network expansion after project close

(162 hhds/system to 425 hhds/system)

Costs

  • Despite subsidy, only 49 poor hhds connected (0.8% connections)
gret lessons learned
GRET: Lessons learned
  • Intensive TA difficult to replicate at scale (USD 114 per hhd; experienced design engineers)
  • Most poor remain unconnected & outside network (insufficient incentives for connecting poor)
  • Low response to assisted credit

(bank loan conditions stringent: collateral valuation)

  • No replication of treatment works or public-private contract in spontaneous projects (6 since 2005)
  • Small-scale intervention with little national impact (+0.6% rural water supply coverage)
ide sanitation marketing vietnam
IDE sanitation marketing, Vietnam
  • 2003-06: 30 communes in 6 coastal provinces
  • Market driven = no latrine subsidies (hardware)
  • 6,000 toilets in Year 1; 15,000 by 2006 …
  • Project cost: USD 336,000
  • USD 33 software per toilet
  • Pour-flush, septic tank and

double vault latrines

(USD 32 to 97 per latrine)

Sanitation coverage: 2003-08

ide role of nsps
IDE: role of NSPs

NGO + local government + informal providers:

  • Product development (local sanitation options)
  • Competent private service providers (cap. blg)
  • Marketing campaign (demand for sanitation)
  • Community mobilization for behavior change
  • Building local sanitation networks (2,000 govt. staff trained)

Innovation by identification:

  • Spending preferences (TV, karaoke)
  • Demand constraints (lack of product information, lack of desirable options and suppliers)
ide nsp costs and benefits
IDE: NSP costs and benefits
  • Leverage ratio 2:1 (USD 65 hhdvs USD 33 project)
  • Business growth among informal providers (more business volume; 2/3 with greater profit)
  • Flexible payments(credit with material suppliers; installment payments)
  • Accreditation of competent masons (health posts)
  • Demand for relatively expensive latrine models (few models suitable for poorest)
  • Equitable outcomes but not progressive

(16% poor customers vs 19% poverty line)

  • Strong demand for fertilizer risks parasitic infections (due to early emptying and use)
ide lessons learned
IDE: Lessons learned
  • Market-based approach generated sustainable supply chains (demand creation weaker)
  • Involvement of marketing expert critical to user-centered approach (promotion, products, prices)
  • Significant replication and scaling up of approach outside Vietnam (Indonesia TSSM, Cambodia IDE, Timor-Leste etc)
  • Reduced benefits due to failure to achieve community-wide sanitation improvement (not targeting poorest)
thank you
Thank you!

Precast sanitation goods for sale

by a concrete producer in Kampong Speu, Cambodia