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Tigris and Euphrates River Basin: Analysis of and Solution to the Water Crisis. By Cara DiFiore Brian Nixon Kaneil Zadrozny May 1, 2012. Presentation Overview. Background Problem overview Impact of problem Goals Solutions Factors associated with solutions. Background.

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tigris and euphrates river basin analysis of and solution to the water crisis

Tigris and Euphrates River Basin: Analysis of and Solution to the Water Crisis

By

Cara DiFiore

Brian Nixon

Kaneil Zadrozny

May 1, 2012

presentation overview
Presentation Overview

Background

Problem overview

Impact of problem

Goals

Solutions

Factors associated with solutions

background
Background
  • The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers originate in Turkey
  • Arid Climate
  • Hydroelectric Development Projects
    • GAP (Güneydoğu Anadolu Projesi) Southeastern Anatolia Project
  • No current tri-country treaties
slide4

Inlet Flow

Retrieved from http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/aug/26/water-shortage-threat-iraq

problem overview
Problem Overview

Inefficient Water Management creating deficit

Stakeholders: Prime Ministers of Iraq and Turkey, President of Syria, appropriate ministries and/or farmers unions from the three countries

problem impacts
Problem Impacts
  • Decreased water flow
  • Environmental impacts
  • Population that lives in basin dependent on rivers for livelihood.
s ustainable and equitable a mounts of w ater
GOALSSustainable and Equitable Amounts of Water

Availability

Management

Consumption

Negotiations

current irrigation
Current Irrigation

Out of date/inefficient irrigation practices

irrigation solutions
Furrow Irrigation

Uses less water

Cheap/easy to implement

Irrigation Solutions
  • Drip/Sprinkler Irrigation
    • Uses a lot less water
    • More expensive
  • Water Transportation
    • Improve conveyance efficiency
oil for water trade
Oil for Water Trade

How much is a barrel of water worth to you?

Food for Oil

1.6 barrels of water to produce 1 barrel of oil

Pipeline from Iraq to Turkey

treaties
Treaties
  • Inlet flow increased
    • Conservation and Efficiency
    • GAP initiative
  • Tigris Euphrates Council
    • Stakeholders*
implications
Implications

Stakeholder Support

Obstacles

Unexpected consequences

implementation
Implementation
  • Incentives
      • Tax incentives for drip/sprinkler irrigation
      • Higher taxes for older irrigation systems
  • Regional meetings/programs
    • Tax incentives for attending meetings
acknowledgements
Acknowledgements

Dr. R. Brent

Dr. J. Tang

Dr. M. Deaton

Dr. Altaii

Fellow classmates

references
References

Aquastats

Salman, M. and Mualla, W., 2003. The Utilization of Water Resources for Agriculture in Syria: Analysis of Current Situation and Future Challenges. Food and Agriculture Organization – Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform of the Syrian Arab Republic FAO-MAAR, Rome. Retrieved from ftp://ftp.fao.org/agl/iptrid/conf_italy_03.pdf 

CIA.gov “The World Fact Book” retrieved 3-29-12

Tractor Supply, “Furrow Plough” Retrieved 3-28-12 from http://tsc.tractorsupply.com/nav/cat3/agriculturefarmingranching_3pointequipment_3pointgroundengagingequipment/0

cost of plough starts at 150 00 u s dollars and increases with complexity this would be 113 euros
Cost of plough starts at $150.00 U.S. dollars and increases with complexity, this would be 113 euros

Seed Planting

Furrow Plough