6 hat hydroastatic acid 7 c6h5cooh benzoic acid 8 hg2 io 2 mercury i hypoiodite
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6. HAt hydroastatic acid 7. C6H5COOH benzoic acid 8. Hg2(IO)2 mercury I hypoiodite - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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4-1. 6. HAt hydroastatic acid 7. C6H5COOH benzoic acid 8. Hg2(IO)2 mercury I hypoiodite 9. H3PO3 phosphorous acid 10. NH4BrO3 ammonium bromate . 4-2. 6. hypoiodous acid HIO 7. cyanic acid HOCN 8. phthalic acid H2C8H4O4

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6 hat hydroastatic acid 7 c6h5cooh benzoic acid 8 hg2 io 2 mercury i hypoiodite

4-1

6. HAthydroastatic acid

7. C6H5COOH benzoic acid

8. Hg2(IO)2 mercury I hypoiodite

9. H3PO3 phosphorous acid

10. NH4BrO3 ammonium bromate


6 hat hydroastatic acid 7 c6h5cooh benzoic acid 8 hg2 io 2 mercury i hypoiodite

4-2

6. hypoiodous acid HIO

7. cyanic acid HOCN

8. phthalic acid H2C8H4O4

9. tin(IV) chromate Sn(CrO4)2


6 hat hydroastatic acid 7 c6h5cooh benzoic acid 8 hg2 io 2 mercury i hypoiodite

IV . Organic Substances

A. Profile

1. Always contain carbon and hydrogen, may also include other elements

2. Covalently bonded chains, rings or small molecules

3. Classified according to # of carbons, bond type and/or functional groups attached


6 hat hydroastatic acid 7 c6h5cooh benzoic acid 8 hg2 io 2 mercury i hypoiodite

a. Prefixes = # of carbons

meth = 1 eth = 2 prop = 3 but = 4 pent = 5

hex = 6 hept = 7 oct = 8 non = 9 dec = 10

b. alkanes : simplest organic compounds – only single bonds

i. Cn H2n+2

ii. –ane ending


6 hat hydroastatic acid 7 c6h5cooh benzoic acid 8 hg2 io 2 mercury i hypoiodite

c. alkene : 1 or more double bond in structure

i. Cn H2n( only works for one double bond)

ii. –ene ending



6 hat hydroastatic acid 7 c6h5cooh benzoic acid 8 hg2 io 2 mercury i hypoiodite

e. alcohol : hydroxide group attached somewhere

i. follows pattern for alk designation

ii. anol ending – single bonds

iii. enol ending – double bonds

iv. ynol ending – triple bonds


6 hat hydroastatic acid 7 c6h5cooh benzoic acid 8 hg2 io 2 mercury i hypoiodite

What if…….there is a ring ?

Cyclo should preceed the name