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DCOM enables component applications to operate across the Internet Speeding development

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Unit 1: Intersystem Communications COP4858 PROGRAM & TECH ENHANCED 463773 Gilbert Mancilla Hughval Williams. Define the role of Distributed Component Object Model (DCOM), CORBA and Remote Method Invocation (RMI ), in distributed processing.

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Unit 1: Intersystem CommunicationsCOP4858 PROGRAM & TECH ENHANCED 463773Gilbert MancillaHughval Williams
Define the role of Distributed Component Object Model (DCOM), CORBA and Remote Method Invocation (RMI), in distributed processing.
DCOM enables component applications to operate across the Internet
  • Speeding development
  • Lowering integration costs
  • Improving deployment flexibility
  • COBRA owned by Object Management Group OMG is middleware
  • CORBA Interface Definition Language IDL provides the language- and
  • OS-neutral inter-object commication it supports the construction and
  • integration of object-oriented software components in mixed
  • distributed environments. object request broker
remote method invocation
Remote Method Invocation
  • RMI provides ORB functionality that is fully integrated with the Java language and runtime environment. Unlike CORBA, however, the RMI
  • ORB is fully integrated with the Java language and runtime environment.
Describe how web services are used to integrate disparate applications in an organization: for example, describe the role of the WSDL Web Service Definition Language, SOAP Simple Object Access Protocol, and UDDI Universal Description, Discovery and Integration ,architectures in creating and using web services.
wsdl web service definition language
WSDL ( Web Service Definition Language)
  • WSDL is a document written in XML. The document describes a Web service. It specifies the location of the service and the operations (or methods) the service exposes.

Web service as collections of network endpoints or ports

  • Messages are abstract descriptions of data being exchanged
  • Port types are abstraction collection of operations
  • Concrete protocol and data format specification for a particular port type constitutes a binding
  • SOAP is an XML based protocol for accessing Web Services.
  • SOAP stands for Simple Object Access Protocol
  • SOAP simply a procedural call
  • SOAP is a stateless protocol

SOAP envelope












Body child element

Body child element

uddi universal description discovery and integration
UDDI (Universal Description, Discovery and Integration)
  • UDDI is a platform-independent framework for describing services.

It’s a directory service where companies are in search of web services.

  • UDDI uses WSDL to describe interfaces to web services
soap wsdl and uddi together make systems flexible
SOAP, WSDL and UDDI together make systems flexible

Together is more of a declarative type of programming

C) Describe the role of socket programming in communicating between systems and contrast the protocols and uses of TCP/IP sockets and Datagram sockets.
A socket is one of the most fundamental technologies of computer networking. Sockets allow applications to communicate using standard mechanisms built into network hardware and operating systems. 
  • Three socket types are available:
  • Stream sockets provide a bidirectional, reliable, sequenced, and unduplicated flow of message data.
  • Datagram sockets support bidirectional data flow, but don't guarantee that the message data is sequenced, reliable, or unduplicated.
  • Raw sockets give you access to the underlying communication protocols that support socket abstractions.
Role of Socket programming

In a nutshell, a socket represents a single connection between exactly two pieces of software. 

 A socket provides a bidirectional communication endpoint for sending and receiving data with another socket. Socket connections normally run between two different computers on a LAN or across the Internet, but they can also be used for inter process communication on a single computer.

What do you need for socket communication ?
  • Basically 4 parameters
  • Source Identifier (IP address)
  • Source Port
  • Destination Identifier
  • Destination Port
Software applications that rely on the Internet and other computer networks continue to grow in popularity. The following software packages rely on sockets:
  • Web browsers
  •  instant messaging applications
  • peer to peer file sharing systems
.Contrast the protocols and uses of TCP/IP sockets and Datagram socketsThere are two types of Internet Protocol (IP) traffic. They are TCP or Transmission Control Protocol and UDP or User Datagram Protocol. TCP is connection oriented – once a connection is established, data can be sent bidirectional. UDP is a simpler, connectionless Internet protocol. Multiple messages are sent as packets in chunks using UDP.
One popular messaging services is Short messaging services (SMS)

Short message service is a mechanism of delivery of short messages over the mobile networks.

This messaging services has a store and forward way of transmitting messages to and from mobiles.

The message (text only) from the sending mobile is stored in a central short message center (SMS) which then forwards it to the destination mobile. This means that in the case that the recipient is not available, the short message is stored and can be sent later. Each short message can be no longer than 160 characters.

short message service how does sms work
Short Message Service:How does SMS work?

A typical organization of network elements in a GSM network supporting SMS

How does it work:
  • The SMC (Short Message Center) does the job of store and forward of messages between the mobile station. On the other hand the SME which can be found in the fixed network or a mobile station, sends and receives short messages.
  • The SMS GWMS (SMS gateway MSC) is a gateway MSC that can also receive short messages. The gateway MSC is a mobile network’s point of contact with other networks. On receiving the short message from the short message center, GMSC uses the SS7 network to interrogate the current position of the mobile station form the HLR, the home location register.
HLR : The main database in a mobile network.
  • Functions:
  • It holds information of the subscription profile of the mobile and also about the routing information for the subscriber, i.e. the area (covered by a MSC) where the mobile is currently situated. The GMSC is thus able to pass on the message to the correct MSC.
  • MSC (Mobile Switching Center) is the entity in a GSM network which does the job of switching connections between mobile stations or between mobile stations and the fixed network.
  • A VLR (Visitor Location Register) corresponds to each MSC and contains temporary information about the mobile, information like mobile identification and the cell (or a group of cells) where the mobile is currently situated.
The present state of SMS

SMS has seen unprecedented growth in the last few years. In Europe SMS has already crossed three billion messages per month mark. The current figures and future projections in the European market below, clearly demonstrate the popularity of SMS in Europe.

Message Queuing 


Message Queuing technology enables applications running at different times to communicate across heterogeneous networks and systems that may be temporarily offline. Applications send messages to queues and read messages from queues. The following illustration on the next page shows how a queue can hold messages that are generated by multiple sending applications and read by multiple receiving applications.

Message Queuing provides guaranteed message delivery, efficient routing, security, and priority-based messaging.

What Is JMS?The Java Message Service is a Java API that allows applications to create, send, receive, and read messages. It provides enough features to support sophisticated messaging applications. 
JMS server can communicate between client using many protocols the following protocols:
E) List commonly used low level data communications protocols (e.g. RS232), state conditions for when each protocol should be usedFemale "DB-9" connector (properly known as DE9F):A VGA connector for monitors

Male "DB-9" connector (properly known as DE9M): COM1 and COM2

female db 25 connector also known as db25s the parallel printer port
female DB-25 connector (also known as DB25S):the parallel (printer) port

male DB-25P connector (also known as DB25P): Printer cable that connects to the

Parallel port