Anna & Karen Rachel & Kaleigh Yevgeniya & Grace Crystal & Ashley Britney & TIllie Meredith & Logan Cobe & Jabari • Nya & Samantha M. • Carolyn & Samantha G. • Jake & Austin • Alex G. & Taj • Alex D. & Dylan • Jesse & Nick • Daniel & Jared As you come in, please take a laptop off the cart, log in, and then… *turn your computer around so it faces Ms. Ford. Please look for your partner, and remember who are going to be with. I will let you know when you will begin working with one another.
Annexation of Texas • In 1845,Texas was finally admitted to the Union as the 28th state • Mexico was furiousover the move and broke off diplomatic relations with the U.S. • A dispute quickly arose over where the actual border was between the U.S. and Mexico; the U.S. claimed as far south as the Rio Grande, while Mexico claimed as far north as the Nueces River
The Election of 1844 • The Whigsnominated Henry Clay, who opposed annexing Texas because of slavery and for its potential to cause a war with Mexico • The Democrats chose to run former Governor of Tennessee James K. Polk, who openly supported annexing Texas and formally claiming Oregon, over former President Martin Van Buren who argued against annexing Texas
James K. Polk • 1795 – 1849 • 11th President (1845-49) • Democrat, Southerner (born in North Carolina and was a UNC graduate), and slave-owner • Nicknamed “Young Hickory” (for his similarities to “Old Hickory” – Andrew Jackson) • Made several basic promises in his campaign (kept all of them) : • he would secure Oregon and California • create an independent treasury • he would lower tariffs • he would serve only one term
Polk’s Achievements • Polk substantially lowered tariff rates – this made him popular in the South and West • Oversaw the groundbreaking for construction of the Washington Monument in 1848 • Authorized the U.S. Postal Service to issue postage stamps in 1847 • Approved the creation of the Smithsonian Institution in 1846
Polk’s Bid for California • In 1845, President Polk sent John Slidell, to Mexico City with an offer to purchase the Mexican territory of California for $30 million • The U.S. was interested in controlling territory along the Pacific, especially the valuable port of San Francisco, which would make trade with Asia easier • The openly hostile Mexicans, angry over the annexation of Texas, refused to even meet with Slidell and the two nation’s moved towards war • John Slidell (politician and businessman)
Individually work on the interactive timeline(starting with 1821, going to May 1846) and fill out the causes side of the cause/effect chart (in regard to the Mexican War)
With your assigned partner-Think, Pair, Share: • The Monroe Doctrine warned European nations to stay out of political affairs in Central and South America, in a way attempting to eliminate imperialism. • Do you think American expansion was essentially a form of imperialism? • Why, or why not?
With you partner, read President James K. Polk’sMessage on the War with Mexico, completing the 6 C’s of a Primary Document graphic organizer
When you are finished, go back to the timeline and fill out the effectsof the Mexican War in the box on the right side
The Mexican War (1846-48) • In response to Mexico’s refusal to receive Slidell, Polk ordered U.S. troops under the command of Gen. Zachary Taylor to secure the Texas border at the Rio Grande • Mexico considered this an invasion of Mexican territory and an act of war • The Mexican army attacked Taylor’s forces, leading the U.S. to declare war on May 13, 1846 • Gen. Zachary Taylor
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo • The war lasted for two very bloody years before Mexico finally surrendered after U.S. forces captured Mexico City • The two sides signed the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo in February 1848 • Mexico ceded 500,000 sq. miles of territory (California, Utah, Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico) • Mexico accepted Rio Grande as southern border of Texas • In return, the U.S. paid Mexico $15 million and assumed $3.25 million in debts Mexico owed to American citizens