for Improving Comprehensionof E-Text Challenges and Strategies Cari Kenner, Nancy Mills, and Victoria Williams Academic Support Department St. Cloud State University February 2012 www.stcloudstate.edu/alc
Session Overview • Electronic Reading: A Student Perspective • Current Research on Electronic Reading • Addressing Student Concerns • Vision/headache • Preference for print (habit) • Distractions • Note-taking • E-tools and Strategies
Pew Research Center: The Digital Revolution and Higher Education (August 2011) • 50%ofcollege presidents predict that 10 years from now most of their students will take classes online. • 62% of college presidents anticipate that more than half the textbooks used by undergrads will be entirely digital. • 41% of college presidents say students are allowed to use laptops or other portable devices during class. • 87% of college presidents use a smartphone daily. 83% use a desktop computer and 65% use a laptop. 49% use a tablet, and 42% use an e-reader.
Gartner Survey on Digital Reading Preferences (April 2011) • The time people spend reading on a digital screen is now almost equal to the time spent reading printed paper text. • Tablet and iPad users find screen reading easier (52%) than printed text or about the same (42%). • Laptop users find screen reading harder than printed text (42%) and 33% find it about the same.
Gartner Survey Conclusions “There is no single paradigm for screen reading, because reading a short piece of text on a mobile phone screen is a different proposition from the reading experience with an e-reader.”
Addressing Student Concerns • Vision/headache • Preference for print (habit) • Note-taking
Physical Issues: Eyestrain/Headaches • I don't prefer reading online. because it makes my eyes tired, I usually print it then read it. • I prefer reading a printing textbook because I can get more comfortable with my area of where I wish to read and for myself, it get tiring looking at a computer screen for too long.
General Tips for Preventing Eye Strain • See an eye doctor. • May need computer eyeware(even with contacts). • Take breaks by looking away every 20 minutes. • Workrave ProgramLink • Reduce glare. • Reduce contrast on screen and with lighting (dimmer). • Blink more often. • Monitor should be 20 inches from eyes. • Improve humidity or use artificial tears. http://ergonomics.about.com/od/eyestrain/tp/eyestrainprev.htm http://www.allaboutvision.com/cvs/irritated.htm http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/eyestrain/DS01084/DSECTION=lifestyle-and-home-remedies
Adjusting Your Computer to Reduce Eyestrain • Increase text size on web pages by holding down the Control key and moving the scroll wheel on the mouse, up to increase size, down to decrease. • Zoom in on your documents. Microsoft Office has a "Zoom" feature in the "View" Menu. • Work in full-screen mode. Most programs allow you to work in full-screen mode, allowing your eyes to focus on one task at a time. In Office, go to "View" > "Full Screen" to work in full-screen mode. • Adjust refresh rate of monitor to at least 50 times a second. http://www.ehow.com/how_2179698_prevent-computerrelated-eyestrain.html http://cybernetnews.com/how-to-prevent-eye-strain-and-rsi/
Encourage Students to Work with the text • Convert to “clean” text and use reading strategies • Add headings • Highlighting • Add notes • Make maps • Outline
Tools to UseBefore Reading • Readability link(needs Google Chrome) • PrintFriendly link(converts webpages to “clean” pdf) • Assess Difficulty link(tests site and document readability) • Assess Difficulty link • Reasy link(need Mozilla; converts text to smaller lines)
Note Taking PowerPoint Use this PowerPoint with your class. Or A member of the Academic Learning Center will customize and present it for your classes. • Control Checks • Highlighting • Annotating
Tools to UseDuring and After Reading • Evernote • Microsoft Word • Adobe • Psychology Students and Textbooks • OneNote
Discussion • Issues • Innovations • Resources • Academic Learning Center link