The College-Bound Student Athlete: NCAA Eligibility Requirements Dwight Morrow High School Presented by: Kurt Ceresnak Athletic Academic Facilitator
AGENDA • Introduction – Why Are We Here? • Changes to NJ High School Eligibility Rules • Different NCAA Divisions • General Eligibility Terms/Rules/Process • NCAA Initial Eligibility Center (formerly the NCAA Clearinghouse) http://www.ncaaclearinghouse.net • Win-Win is the Goal (info about school & money) • NCAA Recruiting Rules • Financial Aid
At Dwight Morrow: Changes: 30 Credits per year / 15 credits per semester 2.0 GPA Look at letter in packet: • Athletic Academic Assistance Program (AAA) • dwightmorrowathletics.com - check often = updated periodically
NCAA SCHOOLS • NCAA colleges and universities are divided into three divisions; Division I, Division II and Division III. • Diversity within the Divisions (big schools, small schools, different sports). • Difference between Divisions • Mission/Philosophy • Rules (recruiting) • Emphasis on competition (i.e., national, regional, conference) • National championships • Athletic scholarships (meet minimum/maximum requirements) • Attendance Requirements
General Athletic Eligibility • Admissions - Student-Athletes must be admitted as a regularly enrolled, degree-seeking student • NCAA Eligibility Center * Amateurism * Initial Eligibility Requirements (Academic)
Why does the Eligibility Center Exist? • To certify a student-athlete’s initial eligibility to practice, compete and to receive institutional aid during his/her first year of enrollment at a NCAA Division I or II school. • The NCAA Initial Eligibility Center now certifies prospective student-athlete amateur status so you need: 1. to qualify academically AND 2. be cleared as an amateur student-athlete
Amateurism? As part of the amateurism certification process, each prospective student-athlete will be asked to answer several questions regarding his or her sports-participation history. Scope of Amateurism Questionnaire QUESTION 1 – Agent issues. QUESTION 2 – Pre-enrollment issues. QUESTION 3 – Post-enrollment issues. QUESTION 4 – Organized-competition issues.
Amateurism • Who needs to be certified? • Any individual enrolling at an NCAA Division I or Division II institution for the first time. This includes: • Domestic prospects • International prospects • Transfer student-athletes • Two-year institution • Four-year institution • NAIA institution • Foreign institution • NCAA Division III institution
NCAA Initial Eligibility Requirements • Does not apply to Division III schools • DIII student-athletes need only meet admission requirements and full-time enrollment to be eligible to practice and compete during first year • Applies to NCAA Division I & II schools
NCAA Initial Eligibility Requirements - continued • During first year at a NCAA Division I or II school, student-athlete must meet these requirements in order to be: • Eligible to receive institutional aid • Eligible to practice on a varsity team • Eligible to compete on a varsity team • Eligible for 4 seasons on competition
NCAA INITIAL ELIGIBILITY TERMS • Qualifier: • High school graduate • Presents specific academic qualifications (i.e., minimum core GPA and corresponding test score) • Can practice and compete during first year at Division I or II school • Has four (4) seasons of competition at a NCAA Division I or II school • Is eligible to receive institutional financial aid during his or her first year at Division I or II school • Nonqualifier: • Not a high school graduate and/or • Does not present specific academic qualifications (i.e., minimum core GPA and corresponding test score) • Can not practice or compete first year at Division I or II school • Has three (3) seasons of competition at a NCAA Division I or II school only after satisfying an academic year in residence at a four-year college/university • Is not eligible to receive institutional financial aid during his or her first year at Division I or II school. Eligible for need-based financial aid only. • Non-qualifier awarded a 4th season upon completing 80% of degree prior to his or her 5th year
Four Parts of Initial Eligibility(ACADEMICS) • High School Graduation • Completion of 16 core courses • Minimum core grade-point average • Minimum Sum ACT or SAT test score
NCAA Core-Course: • Recognized academic course which qualifies for high-school graduation credit in one or a combination of the following areas: English, Mathematics, Natural/Physical Science, Social Science, Foreign Language or Non-Doctrinal Religion/Philosophy • Must be considered college preparatory • Math courses must be at the level of Algebra I or higher • Taught by a qualified instructor • Course must be taught at or above high school’s regular academic level • 48H – List of approved core courses for a specific high school
SOCIAL SCIENCE (cont) • American Studies I and II – (H/AP) • American Govt – AP • American Govt & Politics • Anthropology • Civil Rights Leaders • Constitutional Law • Global Dimensions (H) • Latinos in the US • Sociology • US History I/H • US History II/H • Us History/AP • World Cultures/H • World History NATURAL/PHYS SCIENCE • Science 9 • Biology • Biology/AP • Biology/H • Chemistry • Chemistry A • Chemistry B • Chemistry/AP • Chemistry/Honors • Earth Science • Geo-Physical Science • Integrated Science • Physical Science • Physics • Physics/AP • PSSC Physics Example 48H List (DM HS – P. 1) ENGLISH • English 9/(H) • English 10/(H) • English 11/(H) • English 12/(H) • English/AP • Creative Writing • Films & Literature • Shakespeare • Women & Literature SOCIAL SCIENCE • Social Studies 9 – World Cultures • Social Studies 10 – Global Dimensions • Social Studies 11 – American Studies I • Social Studies 12 – American Studies II
Example 48H List (DM HS – P. 2) MATHEMATICS (Cont) • Calculus/H • Geometry • Geometry/H • Plane Geometry • Pre-Calculus • Probability & Statistics • Statistics/AP • Unified Math 1 (.5 max) • Unified Math 2 (.5 max) • ADDITIONAL • French 1 • French 2 • French 3 • French 4/H • French 5/AP • ADDITIONAL (Cont) • Latin 1 • Latin 2 • Spanish 1 • Spanish 1/H • Spanish 2 • Spanish 3 • Spanish 4/H • Spanish/AP MATHEMATICS • Mathematics 9 - Algebra I • Mathematics 10 - Geometry • Mathematics 11 – Algebra II • Mathematics 12 – Algebra II/Trig • Advanced Alg/Trig • Algebra I • Algebra I/H • Algebra II • Algebra II/H • Advanced Algebra/Trig • Algebra II/Trig • Algebra-Trig/AP • Calculus • Calculus AB/AP • Calculus BC/AP
Division I - 16 Core Course Breakdown • 4 years of English • 3 years of mathematics (Algebra I or higher) • 2 years of natural / physical science (1 lab course) • 1 additional year of English, math, or nat./phys. Science • 2 years of social science • 4 additional courses • English • Mathematics • Natural / physical science • Social science • Foreign language • Non-doctrinal religion or philosophy
Division I GPA / Test Score Scale ABBREVIATED VERSION OF SLIDING SCALE
Minimum Core Grade-Point Average • Pluses and minuses • Weighted honors or advanced courses may be used • Core grade-point average based on 16 best grades • Attendance at multiple high schools
Minimum Sum ACT or SAT test score • SAT (only verbal and math scores used to determine initial eligibility) • Combined Test Scores
Division II - 14 Core Course Breakdown • 3 years of English • 2 years of mathematics (Algebra I or higher) • 2 years of natural / physical science (1 lab course) • 2 additional years of English, math, or nat./phys. Science • 2 years of social science • 3 additional courses • English • Mathematics • Natural / physical science • Social science • Foreign language • Non-doctrinal religion or philosophy
Division II GPA / Test Score Scale DOES NOT EXIST • 2.000 GPA in 14 core courses • Minimum combined SAT score of 820 or SUM ACT score of 68 If student meets one of the above but not both, he/she may practice with the team at home facilities and receive athletics aid, but MAY NOT compete or travel during initial year of enrollment. ONLY FOR DIVISION II.
Core-Curriculum Time Limitation • Must graduate with high school class (8 semesters from start of 9th grade). • Can use one additional core course completed within one year following graduation. • If student does not graduate with class, he/she can not use additional core course.
Courses for Students With Disabilities • High-school courses - even if such courses appear to be taught at a level below the high school's regular academic instructional level (e.g., special education courses) • If the high-school principal submits a written statement to the NCAA indicating that the courses are substantially comparable, quantitatively and qualitatively, to similar core course offerings in that academic discipline • The courses appear on the high-school's list of approved core courses. • Students with disabilities still must complete the required core courses and achieve the minimum required grade-point average in this core curriculum. • The fact that the title of a course includes a designation such as "remedial," "special education," "special needs," or other similar titles used for courses designed for students with learning disabilities does not, in and of itself, disqualify a course from satisfying core-curriculum requirements.
Accommodations for Students with Learning Disabilities • Common Questions • 1. What initial eligibility requirements must a student diagnosed with a learning disability meet? • Same as all other students, but they are permitted to use approved accommodations. • 2. Who is eligible to use the approved accommodations? • Those who have obtained the ability to use non-standardized test scores from a testing agency (ACT or SAT). • Those with a diagnosed disability who are receiving accommodations from their high school.
What Accommodations May be Used? 1. SAT or ACT scores • Nonstandardized scores (untimed, test reading, etc.) • Approval must be obtained through testing agency 2. Core Curriculum • Credits for course work specifically designed for students with disabilities • Specific to each high school • Course MUST appear on approved course listing 3. Time limitation for completion of core courses • Division I only • Can complete all courses prior to initial full-time collegiate enrollment (e.g. including time after completion of 12th grade) • Division II already has this provision included in bylaws
Preparing to be certified by the NCAA Initial Eligibility Center • Freshman year through senior year • Students should register for high school courses in accordance with: • Your high school’s graduation requirements. • Appropriate college-prep courses. • NCAA core-course requirements. • NCAA core-course time limitation (only courses completed 9th grade 12 grade). • Sophomore and Junior years • Students should take the PSAT, SAT or ACT. • Test scores must be sent directly from the testing agency to the NCAA Initial Eligibility Center by selecting code 9999. • This is FREE for students. Sending scores later costs $$$$.
Continuing Preparation • After Junior year • Register with NCAA Eligibility Center (* now can be done in beginning of Junior year) • Preliminary certification completed upon receipt of six-semester transcript sent directly from the high school. • The Eligibility Center will not accept a transcript that is sent by the prospect or the prospect’s parents. • The Eligibility Center will not accept a faxed copy of a prospect’s transcript. • If a high-school student attended more than one high school, the Eligibility Center will need a copy of each high school’s transcript. • Exception: the Eligibility Center will accept a high school transcript with credits and grades from multiple high schools if the schools are in the same school district and the Eligibility Center has documentation that this is the school district’s policy. • The Eligibility Center registration fee is $65 for U.S. students
Final Preparations • Early Senior year • Students should audit/reconcile high school transcripts and respective preliminary Eligibility Center certification to determine deficiencies in satisfying the NCAA core-course requirement, core-course grade point average and test score. • Test-score time limitation. • Post Graduation • Review final high school transcripts very carefully before sending to the NCAA Initial Eligibility Center (i.e., date of high school graduation included, ensure course titles on transcript are consistent with course titles on high school’s 48H that is on file at the Eligibility Center.
Transcript Accuracy is Vital!!! • Once the NCAA Eligibility Center receives a final transcript, a revised transcript may not be used. • All transcript changes after graduation must be handled through the initial-eligibility waiver process. • The NCAA Eligibility Center MUST receive a transcript from each high school the student attended (even for summer classes).
JUCO Transfers • Qualifier • A JUCO transfer who was certified as a qualifier may participate as long as he/she has passed an average of 12 credits with a minimum of a 2.0 GPA during each full time semester of enrollment. • May be eligible immediately at second institution. • 5 year clock starts upon first term of full-time enrollment @ JUCO • Non Qualifier • A JUCO transfer who was not certified as a qualifier must graduate from the JUCO • The student must pass a minimum of 48 transferrable credits with a minimum GPA of 2.0 • Must transfer in 2 English courses and 1 Math course • May be eligible immediately at second institution • 5 year clock starts upon first term of full-time enrollment @ JUCO
NCAA Recruiting Rules • Principles Governing Recruiting • Telephone Calls • Off-Campus Contacts • Evaluations • Recruiting Materials • Official Visits
Recruiting Principles • Eligibility Effects of Recruiting Violation • Usually results in the prospective student-athlete becoming ineligible • Entertainment • Entertainment can not be excessive and must be comparable to that of normal student life • Permits entertainment of prospect and parents or spouse (i.e., during Official Visits) • Prohibits entertainment of other relatives or friends • Off-Campus Recruiting • Only college coaches can recruit off campus • Recruiting by Representative of Athletics Interests • Booster ban
Telephone Calls • When can college coaches contact me by telephone? • Football – One call in between April 15th and May 31st of prospect’s junior year, then only one call per week after September 1st of senior year (except football coaches can make unlimited calls during their contact periods). • Men’s Basketball – One call per month starting on or after June 15th of sophomore year through July 31st of the prospect’s junior year in high school. Starting August 1st before start of senior year, two calls per week. • Women’s Basketball – One call during each of the months of April and May of junior year. One call can be made on or after June 1st thru June 20th and one call can be made on or after June 21st thru June 30th after the prospect’s junior year. In addition only three calls in July, with not more than one call per week. After July one phone call per week • All other sports – Can start July 1st after junior year and generally only one phone call per week. All sports - A prospect or his or her parent may call a college coach at his or her own expense as often as they wish.
Off-Campus Contacts • Earliest date a college coach can contact (i.e., face-to-face encounter) me off-campus contact? • July 1st following the PSA’s Jr. year in HS for most sports. • How many times may a coach contact me off-campus? – Three (3) in my senior year
Evaluations • An evaluation is any off-campus activity designed to access academic qualification or athletic ability of a prospect, including any visit to a high school. • A coach can evaluate high school freshman, sophomores, juniors, seniors within their sport’s respective recruiting calendar.
Recruiting Material • Coaches are permitted to send printed materials to prospects, coaches of prospects or any other individuals responsible for teaching or directing an activity in which a prospect is involved. • Earliest date to send recruiting materials to prospects: • Men’s Basketball – On or after June 15 of prospect’s sophomore year • All other sports – September 1 of prospect’s junior year • Recruiting material that may be sent to prospects before September 1 of the prospect’s junior year: • Camp brochures • NCAA produced Educational Information (e.g., Guide to College Bound Student-Athletes). • Questionnaires
Official Visits • An official visit is an expense paid visit to a college campus • A prospect is allowed one official visit to a particular college • A prospect may only take 5 official visits to a Division I or II college during his/her senior year • The earliest a prospect may take an official visit is the first day of classes of his or her senior year • A prospect can not take an official visit prior to a high school contest on the same day of the high school contest • Academic Requirements for Official Visit • A PSAT, SAT, or ACT Test Score • Academic Transcript • Registration for the NCAA Eligibility Center
NCAA Division III • An NCAA Division III coach can contact a prospect at any time during the recruiting process via telephone, mail or email.(Text messaging is no longer permitted by theNCAA).
Am I being Recruited? • Are college coaches in the stands? Are they asking your high school coach for film? • Are you receiving letters or other recruiting materials? If Yes, how frequent? • Receiving regular phone calls (you or your high school coach)? • Has a college coach made a face-to-face contact with you off-campus (at your high school or your home)? • Been invited for an official paid visit?
National Letter of Intent and Athletics Scholarships • National Letter of Intent (NLI) is a voluntary agreement that a prospect signs to signify his or her commitment to attend a college or university. Prospect must also be awarded an athletics grant-in-aid at the time he or she signs the NLI agreement. • Agreement – College awards the prospect a scholarship for an academic year. The prospect agrees to attend that college for one academic year. • There are penalties if the prospect does not fulfill his or her part of the agreement • Benefits of signing a NLI • Secure athletics scholarship for one year • No more recruiting stress • Negatives of signing a NLI • Penalties (loss of eligibility)
Changes to Recruiting Rules • Registration with NCAA Initial Eligibility Center a requirement for Official Visits & Athletics Aid • Elimination of text messages and instant messenger • Use of Myspace and Facebook is limited but permissible
Financial Aid • What does a full athletics scholarship cover? Tuition and fees, room and board, and required text books. • What is the range of athletics scholarships awarded? Athletics scholarships could be for as little as required text books or as much as a full grant-in-aid. However, academic scholarships may be available at the school as well. • Can athletics scholarship be awarded for less than two semesters (i.e., academic year)? No, athletics scholarship should be awarded for an academic year. • Are athletics scholarship guaranteed for 4 years? No, athletics scholarship must be renewed after each year.
Financial Aid • Am I eligible for additional financial aid? Are there any restrictions? Sometimes a student-athlete cannot accept a certain type of scholarship because of NCAA limitations. If you will be receiving other scholarships, let the coach and financial aid officer know so they can determine if you may accept additional dollars. • Who is financially responsible if I am injured while competing? Ask schools about its insurance policy. • Under what circumstances would my scholarship be reduced or canceled? Coaches should be able to give you some idea of how players are evaluated from year to year and how these decisions are made. The institution may have a policy governing renewal of athletics aid. Ask if such a policy exists and read it.
Financial Aid • Are there academic criteria tied to maintaining the scholarship? Some institutions add academic requirements to scholarships (e.g., minimum grade-point average). • What scholarship money is available if I suffer an athletics career-ending injury? Not every institution continues to provide an athletics scholarship to a student-athlete who can no longer compete because of a career-ending injury. • Will my scholarship be maintained if there is a change in coaches? A coach may not be able to answer this, but the athletic director or compliance officer/department may.
Win - Win • Student-Athlete should view recruiting process as a win - win. • Getting as much information as possible • Division I school’s graduation rate? • Division I school’s APR? • School’s policies (summer school, 5th year, policies for athletics aid, grievance procedure for athletes, etc) • Find a link to college/university in addition to the sport and the coach of the team
Where will I go to college?Do your Research • Visit all types of different schools during sophomore and junior year in HS • Meet with or speak with an admissions counselor • Speak with current students • Know all paperwork and fee deadlines
What questions should I ask? Education • Majors, minors, general eduation requirements • Honors program, internships, etc. • Length of class periods Size of School • Student-Teacher ratio • Transportation Housing/Social Life • Dining • Dorms • Student Activities/Organizations ***LOOK AT HAND-OUT: QUESTIONS FOR ATHLETES TO ASK DURING A VISIT***
Thank you for your attention to our presentation on NCAA eligibility and recruiting rules. Any Questions? www.dwightmorrowathletics.com NCAA Eligibility Center Package or Overnight Delivery: Certification Processing Certification Processing P.O. Box 7136 1802 Alonzo Watford Sr. Drive Indianapolis, IN 46207-7136 Indianapolis, IN 46202 Web address: www.eligibilitycenter.org Customer Service: Toll-free (8am – 6pm est Monday - Friday) 877-262-1492 Fax: 317-968-5100
Changes to the NCAA Initial Eligibility Requirements (cont.) • Early Academic Certification for Initial Eligibility Center • Must have achieved 3.0 core GPA through 13 completed core courses; • 3 - English, 2 - Math, 2 - Natural/Physical Science, 6 – Additional; • 1000 SAT or; • 85 ACT