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Proud to Be An American Unit 1
American Citizenship CE.C&G.4.3- Explain the criteria for membership and admission to citizenship in America. CE.C&G.4.1- Compare citizenship in the American constitutional democracy to membership in other types of governments.
Describe what you see?What connection do you have with this picture?How does this picture make you feel?
Citizenship • Citizen- an official member of a country • If you are born in the U.S., you are automatically a U.S. citizen. (Soil-born) • If your parents are U.S. citizens at the time of your birth, you are a U.S. citizen no matter where you are born. (Blood-born)
14th Amendment defines citizenship • All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.
Legal Aliens • Have permission to be in the U.S. can hold jobs, own property, go to school, travel, and pay taxes. • Cannot vote, run for office, or work for the government.
Illegal Aliens • Illegal Aliens = non-citizens • Illegal: either did not apply or were denied and stayed • Estimated 10 million aliens in the U.S. • It’s illegal to hire or house illegal aliens • If caught, illegal aliens may be deported.
Immigrants • Permanent residents who have moved to U.S. from other countries. • Millions apply, only thousands are accepted. • Having relatives, talents, job skills, or money to invest increases chances of being accepted. • There have been several waves of immigration in US History
Naturalization • The process of becoming a U.S. citizen • Citizenship & Immigration Services (CIS): regulates and oversees the process. • Have a current green card • have lived in U.S. for at least 5 years • read and write basic English • good moral character • pass citizenship test • take oath of allegiance to U.S.
Ways to lose your citizenship • If you become a citizen of another country • If you threaten to overthrow the government • You serve in the military of another country.
Text: “How citizenship is defined around the world” p. 151 • Complete your Guided Reading sheet, refer to the following visual as needed: • “Jus soil” • Do not recognize “jus soil”
Partner Up • With the same partner as yesterday, determine the difference between Civic Duty and Civic Responsibility (5 min)
Exit Ticket On a separate piece of paper rank the duties of American Citizens by importance Be prepared to share with the class
Responsibilities and Duties CE.C&G.4.3- Analyze the roles of citizens of North Carolina to the United States in terms of responsibilities, participation and civic life. CE,C&G.4.4- Analyze the obligations of citizens by determining when their personal desires, interests and involvement are subordinate to the good of the nation or state.
Number your notebook paper from 1-10 • Write D for Duty or R for Responsibility • 1. Volunteering as a Little League baseball coach • 2. Serving on a jury • 3. Obeying the law • 4. Recycling • 5. Voting • 6. Signing a petition • 7. Registering for the military draft • Determine if the follow is a legal alien, illegal alien, or citizen • 1. A person born in Canada to Canadians working for US customs. • 2. A student attending UNC from China. • 3. A person who fails their citizenship test but stays here. R D D R R R D Cit LA IA
Duties vs. Responsibilities • Duty- things I am required to do as a citizen • Obey the law • Pay taxes • Defend the nation (18 yrs old males, Selective Service-draft) • Serve in court (juror, witness) • Attend school • Responsibility- things one should do to be a good, informed, participating citizen or member of the community • Vote • Be informed • Participate in the government • Respect others (physically, property, diversity, tolerance)
Too Much Responsibility!! Civic Responsibility- responsibility to the wider community, not directly to myself and my personal life Personal Responsibility- responsibility directed to my own personal life or family, not the wider community List examples of personal responsibilities • List examples of civic responsibilities
Characteristics of a Good Citizen • Follows the Law and Civic Duties • Civic Participation • Express concern about the welfare of the community • Environment, Safety, Education • Votes • Volunteers in the community/Community Service Influencing government • changing laws by signing petitions (initiative) • coming up with new ideas for laws • volunteer in political campaigns
What do you think? Respond in your notes Why are volunteers needed in our community? How can you volunteer?
Volunteering • Volunteering is a way in which citizens can help their communities. • Citizens should be willing to give their time to help improve their neighborhood or city. • Volunteers expect no payment and know that these are important civic actions for the good of the country and the well-being of the people • Examples: little league coach, • Girl scout troop leader, • Neighborhood watch, picking up • trash
Certain actions are the duty of all citizens • Refer back to your notes, rank the civic duties in order of importance to you. Explain why you chose this order.
Rights • Natural Rights of people include Life, Liberty, and Property. • 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution defines this: • All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. • No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. • We are all entitled to this right by law
September 11, 2001 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EWOJvVgZJZY
Describe what you seeWhat is going on?If this were you, how would it make you feel?
National Security vs. Individual Rights • Class Discussion: • When you go through airport security what freedoms might you have to give up? • Which one of your natural rights is the government protecting? • When we go through airport security are we agreeing to give up some freedom?
So… • Do we have to give up some of our personal desires, rights and interests for the good of the community? (Nation, State) Why? • Compare your view from the opening journal entry to now. Has your view changed? If so how? If not, why not?
Text: “The 9/11 Dilemma: Security vs. Freedom” • CE,C&G.4.4- Analyze the obligations of citizens by determining when their personal desires, interests and involvement are subordinate to the good of the nation or state. • Students will know the power the government has to protect the citizens based on the Constitution. (National security vs. individual rights) Guided Reading Assignment Read the article then respond to questions 1-8.
Exit Ticket • 1. List one duty and one responsibility of all citizens. • 2. What right is provided by the 14th Amendment to all citizens? • 3. Do we have to give up some of our freedoms to the government? Why?
Problems with Diversity CE.C&G.4.5- Explain the changing perception and interpretation of citizenship and naturalization. Students will know problems that have risen due to our diversity.
Multiculturalism • When several different cultures can live peacefully in one country • “E Pluribus Unum” • Found on the US Seal • US Currency ($) • Out of many, one • Meaning: Even though we are many cultures and many different people we are still one nation
Melting Pot vs. Salad Bowl • The Melting Pot theory requires that immigrants assimilate in order to become one common culture-“American” • The “Salad Bowl" theory basically calls for us to celebrate our diversity along with our oneness. African African
Problems created by diversity- the “ism’s” • Types of “ism’s” • Racism- hatred or intolerance towards another’s race • Ageism- discrimination against a certain age group • Sexism- discrimination based on a person’s gender
Diversity Problems continued… • Quick-writes: • What is tolerance? • Do “ism’s”promote or prevent toleration? Why?
Stereotyping • Different groups on white paper have been placed around the room. • Quietly get out of your seat visit each poster • On each poster jot down things said about each group. (names called, looks, behavior, clothing, foods eaten, transportation, etc.) • Once you have visited each poster and jotted something down. Return to your seat.
Negative Stereotyping Respond in journal: Describe one stereotype that you find offensive. Explain where you think it came from and why it is harmful?
Exit Ticket • Match It! • _Diversity a. cultures live peacefully • _Racism b. age discrimination • _Tolerance c. lots of variety • _Multiculturalism d. sex discrimination • _Sexism e. accepting differences • _Ageism f. hatinganother race
Types of Governments CE.C&G.2.5- Compare the United States system of government to governmental systems of other nations.
Text: “Types of Governments” Civics and Economics Coach Book • CE.C&G.2.5- Compare the United States system of government to governmental systems of other nations. • Complete the Types of Government Chart using Green Book pg. 22-27 • The chart must include any types of government you find, who rules, the role of the people, the rights of the people, and examples of this type of government (we will fill this category in as a class)
Exit Ticket • Match it! • 1._ Anarchy a. Government by religion • 2._ Monarchy b. Government by a few • 3. _Democracy c. Government by the people • 4. _Theocracy d. Government by the privileged • 5. _Dictatorship e. Government by no one • 6. _Oligarchy f. Government by a king/queen • 7. _Aristocracy g. Government by one person,
“God Bless the USA” • Listen to the lyrics of the song • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q65KZIqay4E • List four characteristics that people use to identify themselves as an American. Do you identify with these characteristics? Why or why not? • What makes the U.S. different from any other country in the world?
Nation Research- Computers/Cell phonesStandard-Students will know The differences and similarities between the United States and the government systems of other nations. • Students research using “Nations” chart • Students also work on Mini-Project: • Citizenship Brochure • Immigration Investigation • Due Sept 6, 2012
Exit Ticket • Read scenarios 1-3 below and decide if these people would have American citizenship. Justify your answer. • 1. A baby born in Paris to two U.S. citizens vacationing. • 2. A baby born to two French citizens who crossed the U.S. border illegally. • 3. Your 22-year-old sister, after you become a U.S. citizen • You are a CIS worker. Decide whether or not you think the CIS would grant legal alien status to the following people based on the information provided in your notes . Justify your answer. • 4. A doctor from Spain who specializes in the treatment of cancer. • 5. A convicted felon from Columbia who doesn’t know anyone in the U.S. • 6. A family from Ethiopia who is looking to start a better life.