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1. Choosing Your Career. 1.1 Jobs and Careers 1.2 Coping with Change and Reinventing Yourself. Lesson 1.1 Jobs and Careers. GOALS Discuss career and job trends, and describe sources of job information.

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choosing your career


Choosing Your Career

1.1 Jobs and Careers

1.2 Coping with Change andReinventing Yourself

lesson 1 1 jobs and careers
Lesson 1.1Jobs and Careers


  • Discuss career and job trends, and describe sources of job information.
  • Complete a job analysis, listing positive and negative features of potential career choices.

Chapter 1

careers of the future
Careers of the Future
  • Major occupational groups
  • Job titles and descriptions
    • Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT)
    • Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH)
    • Monthly Labor Review

Chapter 1

ooh job description categories










Armed Forces

OOH Job Description Categories

Chapter 1

job analysis
Job Analysis
  • A job analysis is an evaluation of the positive and negative attributes of a given type of work.
  • A job analysis can help you identify types of work that would be a good fit for you.

Chapter 1

job analysis form
Job Analysis Form

Title and salary

Skills, education,

and experience

Positive features

Negative features

Chapter 1

positive features of employment
Positive Features of Employment
  • Salary is the amount of monthly or annual pay that you will earn for your labor.
  • Benefits are company-provided supplements to salary, such as sick pay, vacation time, profit-sharing plans, and health insurance.
  • Opportunity for promotion is the ability to advance to positions of greater responsibility and higher pay.

Chapter 1

negative features of employment
Negative Features of Employment
  • Employee expenses include any costs of working paid by the employee that are not reimbursed by the employer.
    • Examples include the costs of parking and transportation, such as gasoline or bus fare.
    • The cost of these expenses can make a job less attractive.
  • Work characteristics are the daily activities of the job and the environment in which they must be performed.
    • Examples include working indoors versus outdoors, working alone versus working on a team, and having a high or low degree of stress.
    • Some work characteristics can make a job less attractive to some workers.

Chapter 1

  • An entrepreneur is someone who organizes, manages, and assumes the ownership risks of a new business.
  • Opportunities for business ownership
    • Continue a family business
    • Purchase an existing business or franchise
    • Start a new business from scratch

Chapter 1

advantages of owning your own business
Advantages of Owning Your Own Business
  • Make the decisions
  • Be your own boss
  • Feel in control of your own future
  • Keep the profits

Chapter 1

disadvantages of owning your own business
Disadvantages of Owning Your Own Business
  • Large investment of planning and money
  • High risk of failure
    • Statistics show that most new small businesses do not succeed.
    • Two most common reasons for failure:
      • Lack of financing
      • Lack of skills

Chapter 1

lesson 1 2 coping with change and reinventing yourself
Lesson 1.2Coping with Change and Reinventing Yourself
  • Explain techniques for coping with change and reinventing yourself.
  • Discuss the need for job networking for long-term career success.

Chapter 1

coping with change
Coping with Change
  • Stay informed
  • Be a lifelong learner—someone who actively seeks new knowledge, skills, and experiences that will add to professional and personal growth throughout life.
  • Take classes
    • Upgrading—advancing to a higher level of skill to increase your usefulness to an employer.
    • Retraining—learning new and different skills so that an employee can retain the same level of employability.
    • Advanced degrees—specialized, intensive programs (taken after obtaining the first college degree) that prepare students for higher-level work responsibilities with more challenges and higher pay.

Chapter 1

complete a self assessment
Complete a Self-Assessment
  • Think about what you like doing, what you do well, and what skills and knowledge you want to enhance.
  • Self-assessment inventory lists your strong and weak points along with plans for improvement as you prepare for a career.

Chapter 1

self assessment inventory



Plan of Action



Aptitudes and Abilities


Self-Assessment Inventory

Chapter 1

placement centers
Placement Centers
  • Many schools, colleges, and technical training institutes have placement centers that offer services related to careers and employment.
  • Services offered
    • Assisting with self-assessment inventories
    • Advice and counseling to help you determine a career direction
    • Vocational, interest, and personal testing
    • Notification of job openings and assistance with applying and interviewing

Chapter 1

changing career opportunities
Changing Career Opportunities
  • Long-term sustainability
  • A world economy
  • Networking
    • Networks are informal groups of people with common interests who interact for mutual assistance.
    • Networking includes making phone calls, sharing lunch, and creating opportunities to share ideas with your group of acquaintances.

Chapter 1