Outline • Reviewof CEFR B1 leveldescriptors. • Overviewofthenewexaminationin English. • IntroductiontothenewMarkingScaleforWriting. • Evaluatestudentanswers. • IntroductiontothenewMarkingScaleforSpeaking. • Evaluateinterviewerbehaviour. • Evaluatestudentperformances.
CEFR : Listening A2 B1 Straightforwardfactual information about common everyday or job related topics, identifying both general messages and specific details, provided speech is clearly articulated in a generally familiar accent. Can understand simple technical information, such as operating instructions for everyday equipment. Can follow detailed directions. Can follow a lecture or talk within his/her own field. Can understand the main points of clear standard speech on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. Mayaskforrepetition. Can understand the main point of many radio or TV programmes on current affairs or topics of personal or professional interest when the delivery is relatively slow and clear. • Can understand enough to be able to meet needs of a concrete type provided speech is clearly and slowly articulated. • Simpleinstructions. • Cannotfollowliveconversation. • Can generally identify the topic of discussion around her that is conducted slowly and clearly. • Verybasic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment. • Can catch the main point in short, clear, simple messages and announcement.
CEFR: Listening B1 B2 Can understand announcements and messages on concrete and abstract topics spoken in standard dialect at normal speed. Only extreme background noise, inadequate discourse structure and/or idiomatic usage influence the ability to understand. Can follow the essentials of lectures, talks and reports and other forms of academic/professional presentation which are propositionally and linguistically complex. Can understand most TV news and current affairs programmes. Can understand the majority of films in standard dialect. Topics: education, employment. • Straightforward factual information about common everyday or job related topics, identifying both general messages and specific details, provided speech is clearly articulated in a generally familiar accent. • Can understand simple technical information, such as operating instructions for everyday equipment. • Detaileddirections. • Can follow a lecture or talk within his/her own field. • Can understand the main points of clear standard speech on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. • Mayaskforrepetition. • Can understand the main point of many radio or TV programmes on current affairs or topics of personal or professional interest when the delivery is relatively slow and clear.
CEFR: Reading A2 B1 Texts that consist mainly of high frequency everyday or job-related language. Can scan longer texts in order to locate desired information, and gather information from different parts of a text, or from different texts. Letters, brochures, short documents. Clearly written, straightforward instructions for a piece of equipment Can identify the main conclusions in clearly signalled argumentative texts. Can recognise the line of argument in the treatment of the issue presented, though not necessarily in detail. • Very short, simple texts. • Can find specific, predictable information in simple everyday material. • Advertisements, prospectuses, menus and timetables, short simple personal letters • Familiar, everyday topics. • Everyday signs and notices: in public places, such as streets, restaurants, railway stations; in workplaces, such as directions, instructions, hazard warnings. • Simple instructions. • Keywords and phrases.
CEFR: Reading B1 B2 Large degree of independence, adapting style and speed of reading to different texts and purposes, and using appropriate reference sources selectively. Broad active reading vocabulary, but may experience some difficulty with low-frequency idioms. Long and complex texts. Can read correspondence relating to his/her field of interest Can scan quickly through long and complex texts, locating relevant details. Needs to reread difficult sections. Can understand specialised articles outside his/her field, provided he/she can use a dictionary occasionally to confirm his/her interpretation of terminology. Can understand articles and reports concerned with contemporaryproblems in which the writers adopt particular stances or viewpoints. • Texts that consist mainly of high frequency everyday or job-related language. • Can scan longer texts in order to locate desired information, and gather information from different parts of a text, or from different texts. • Letters, brochures, shortdocuments. • Clearly written, straightforward instructions for a piece of equipment • Can identify the main conclusions in clearly signalled argumentative texts. • Can recognise the line of argument in the treatment of the issue presented, though not necessarily in detail.
CEFR: Writing A2 B1 Writes short connected texts. Can pass on message clearly. Abstract and concrete topics. Describes experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions. Can narrate a story or relate the plot of a book or film and describe his/her reactions. Topics of interest. Can briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans. Personal letters. Everyday topics. Communicates with reasonable accuracy in familiar contexts Mistakes do not hinder understaning. Can get message across. • Simple phrases and sentences linked with simple connectors like „and", „but“ and „because“. • Topics: everyday, familiar. • Short, simple messages. • Present, past. • Very simple personal letter (thanks, apology). • Can write down short messages, when it is possible to clarify. • Has sufficient vocabulary to conduct routine, everyday transactions involving familiar situations and topics. • Systematically makes basic mistakes • Phonetic spelling.
CEFR: Writing B1 B2 Can write letters conveying degrees of emotion and highlighting the personal significance of events and experiences and commenting on the correspondent's news and views. Synthesisesand evaluatesinformation and arguments from a number of sources. Can evaluatedifferent ideas or solutions to a problem. Follows established conventions of the genre concerned. Can write a review of a film, book or play. Can write an essay or report Evaluates, assesses, pros and cons. Systematic. Widevocabulary. Paraphrasessuccessfully. Shows a relatively high degree of grammatical control. Spellingcorrect, punctuationinfulencedbymothertongue. • Writesshortconnectedtexts. • Can pass on messageclearly, • Abstract and concretetopics. • Describes experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions. • Can narrate a story or relate the plot of a book or film and describe his/her reactions. • Topicsofinterest. • Can briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans. • Personal letters. • Everydaytopics. • Communicates with reasonable accuracy in familiar contexts • Mistakesdonothinderunderstaning. • Cangetmessageacross.
CEFR: Speaking A2 B1 Reasonably fluent. Gives a straightforward description. Variety of familiar topics. A linear sequence of points. Detailed accounts. Topics: experiences, feeling, accidents, books, films, dreams, hopes, ambitions. Confidence with familiar topics and professional life. Can communicate on unfamiliar topics to say why something is a problem. Most situations related to travelling. Enters unprepared into a conversation on a familiar topic: sustains a conversation. Can sometimes be difficult to follow. Vocabulary: Sufficient to be reasonably precise. Grammar: reasonably accurate, mother tongue influence. Errors do not hinder understanding. • Clear, standard speech on familiar matters • Simpleeveryday polite forms of greeting and address. • Can say what he/she likes and dislikes • Invitations and apologies, greetings and farewells; introductions; giving thanks. • Simplelinkingwords. • Simplephrases, simplesentences. • Structuredsituations and short conversations, provided the other person helps if necessary. • Asksquestions and answersthem. • Cannot keep theconversationgoing. • Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar topics and activities. • Frequentmistakesinbasicstructures. • Makeshim/herselfclear. • Longpauses, falsestarts.
CEFR: Speaking B1 B2 Language use is fluent, accurate and effective. Clear, detailed descriptions. A wide variety of topics related to his field of interest. Topics: general, academic, vocational, leisure. Expands and supports ideas with examples. Communicates spontaneously. Appropriate level of formality. Extended conversation even in a noisy environment. Can be clear without restricting what he/she wants to say. Good grammatical control. Non-systematic errors. Can correct the errors in retrospect. • Reasonably fluent. • Gives a straightforward description. • Variety of familiar topics. • A linear sequence of points. • Detailed accounts. • Topics: experiences, feeling, accidents, books, films, dreams, hopes, ambitions. • Confidence with familiar topics and professional life. • Can communicate on unfamiliar topics to say why something is a problem. • Most situations related to travelling. • Enters unprepared into a conversation on a familiar topic: sustains a conversation. • Can sometimes be difficult to follow. • Vocabulary: Sufficient to be reasonably precise. • Grammar: reasonably accurate, mother tongue influence. • Errors do not hinder understanding.
Paragraph- is a basic unit of organization in writing in which a group of related sentences develops one main idea. Structure: • 1.Topic sentence (topic+ controlling/mainidea) • 2. Supportive sentences (develop the topic sentence with reasons, examples, facts, statistics, quotations) • 3. Concluding sentence (signals the end of the paragraph, leaves the reader with important points to remember)
Topic+main idea Through the centuries rats have managed to survive all our efforts to destroy them. We have poisonedthem andtrappedthem. We have fumigated, flooded, andburned them. We have tried germ warfare. Some rats even survived atomic bombtests conducted in the Pacific after World War II. In spite of all our efforts, these enemies of ours continue to prove that they are the most indestructible of pests. (adapted from:Capital Community College homepage) concluding sentence
Writing prompt “What is your favourite day of the week and why?” d ompPt Sunday is my favourite day because I spend the day watching football with my dad.On Sunday, my dad spends the whole day with me watching football on TV. We even eat lunch together while watching. The highlight of the day is watching the Dolphins game. Dad and I get so excited, we yell and cheer together.On Sundays, I get to combine watching my favourite sport and spending time with my favourite person—what a great day! Teacher Observations (After)
Speaking Test Framework • The speaking test result will account for 20% of the overall examination score. • The speaking test will be a scripted interview. • An interviewer script will standardise some aspects of the interviewer behaviour, increasing the likelihood of participating students getting equal opportunities to demonstrate theirspeaking skill. • A 2011 survey found that 89% of those interviewers who conduct speaking tests within the framework of the national examination in English consider the script helpful, supporting them professionally.
Stage 1: Introduction Two functions: • to provide a formal beginning for the interview- announce the test name, the test date and the student’sname. • to give the student an opportunity to warm up for the speaking test- the interviewer selects a topic for the warm-up phase from among the four options given in the script. Each of the optionstypically hasfour questions.
Stage 1: Sample Warm-Up Sequence Let’s talk about hobbies. What are your hobbies? Why do people need to have hobbies? OR Let’s talk about music. What kind of music do you like? Should children learn to play a musical instrument? OR Let’s talk about films. What kind of films do you like? Why do people go to the cinema? OR Let’s talk about TV programmes. What kind of programmes do you watch? Do you think people spend too much time watching TV?
Stage 1: Things to Remember • Thisis a warm-upstage: no assessment. • The topics are general interest topics. • No additional questions should be asked. • Manage time: no more than two minutes.
Stage 2: Speaking Task 1 • Overall time spent on task: 7-8 minutes. • Preparation time: 3 minutes. • Speaking time: 2 minutes. • Note-taking recommended.
SpeakingTask 1: ThingstoRemember • Allowthestudentuninterruptedpreparation and speakingtime. • Manage time (3+2). • Optionalprompt (inthescript): Isthat all youwantedtosay?
SpeakingTask 1: SampleFollow-UpQuestions 1)What was the last cultural event you visited? 2)Why do people travel? 3)In which country would you prefer to live? Why? 4)Which country would you like to visit: Australia or the UK? Why?
Speaking task 2 • Act out a situation. • Overall time spent on task: max 3 minutes. • Preparation time: 1 minute. • No note-taking.
SpeakingTask 2: ThingstoRemember • The student should read the instructions carefully • Discuss both, suggest one • Suggest both and give reasons • Agree • Disagree • Follow the order of the prompts
Watch the sample interview: • Make a comment on any aspect that caught your attention (positive and negative). • Make a note of any questions you might have.
Marking Student Performance The student’s performance will be rated on a 6-point marking scale (0 to 5) focusing on: • task achievement, • vocabulary, • grammar, • fluency and pronunciation.
Listen to the students preforming speaking tasks. • Evaluate them using the new marking scale. • Compare your result to that of your neighbour. • Reach an agreement.
Information • CEFR scales • www.innove.ee • email@example.com