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African Global and Regional Issues. Africa Today Chapter 6. Students will suggest several effects of each development based on the reading. The OAU was formed in 1963. Nations in southern Africa wanted to reduce their dependence on South Africa.

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African global and regional issues

African Global and Regional Issues

Africa Today

Chapter 6


Students will suggest several effects of each development based on the reading
Students will suggest several effects of each development based on the reading.

  • The OAU was formed in 1963.

  • Nations in southern Africa wanted to reduce their dependence on South Africa.

  • The United States and the former Soviet Union competed for influence in Africa.

  • The IMF and World Bank set qualifications for loans to African nations.

  • The population of Africa is exploding


1 the oau was formed in 1963
1. The OAU was formed in 1963. based on the reading.

  • OAU – Organization for African Unity (’63)

    • Goals - Political

      • Support independence movements

      • Promote peace

    • Problem: nations did not like the interference

  • AU – African Union (’02) – Economic

    • Goal: Attract foreign investment and Economic cooperation

    • Problems: unrealistic expectations, wanted overnight success


African global and regional issues
Also: based on the reading.

  • Each nation joined the UN after independence

    • Access to technology

    • Access to world markets

    • International cooperation – education, agriculture

    • Peacekeeping forces

  • Algeria, Libya, Nigeria joined OPEC

    • Oil prices are controlled and help African nations profit from their oil reserves


And british and french influence
And: based on the reading.British and French Influence

  • Imperialistic ties unite African nations to Europe

  • Commonwealth of Nations – British

    • Allows for frequent interaction economically and politically between Britain and its former colonies

  • Many nations have adopted the French franc as their currency


2 nations in southern africa wanted to reduce their dependence on south africa
2. Nations in southern Africa wanted to reduce their dependence on South Africa.

  • Regional cooperation = economic development

  • Southern African development Coordination Conference (SADCC):

    • Economic development

    • Small nations working together to strengthen position in Africa and the world

    • Improve transportation for landlocked nation and not use South African infrastructure

  • UN: environmental, educational, agricultural development


3 the united states and the former soviet union competed for influence in africa
3. The United States and the former Soviet Union competed for influence in Africa

  • US and Soviet interest was in the natural resources

  • Most African nations did not officially align with either country: nonalignment

  • Both the US and Russia provided military, political, and economic influence


After the cold war
After the Cold War for influence in Africa

  • US and Russian leaders supported peace initiatives in Africa

  • Many Civil Wars plagued the continent

    • Namibia

    • Sierra Leone

    • Liberia

    • Congo


4 the imf and world bank set qualifications for loans to african nations
4. The IMF and World Bank set qualifications for loans to African nations.

  • African nations rely on global economy

    • Prices for exports high = good for Africa

    • Prices for exports low = bad for Africa

  • African nations spend billions each year to repay loans

  • Wealthy nations do not lend money because they fear the loans cannot be repaid

  • Africa can get loans from World Bank and IMF if they reform their economies

    • Reduce government controls and privatize


5 the population of africa is exploding
5. The population of Africa is exploding. African nations.

  • Limiting Family Size

    • Traditional family = Large

  • Science & Technology to increase Food Production

    • Needed to combat dry season

    • Needed to combat pests & food disease

  • Fighting Disease

    • Major advances have combated tropical diseases (sleeping sickness & malaria)

    • AIDS


And aids
And AIDS African nations.

  • Greatest percentage of AIDS of the 7 continents

  • Adults leave their children as orphans

  • Creates economic burdens, destroys family ties and traditions

  • Reduced life expectancy


Quick check
Quick Check African nations.

African nations organized regional groups to

reduce the power of OPEC

encourage economic cooperation and development

support the Free World in the Cold War

none of the above


Quick check1
Quick Check African nations.

The Cold War affected Africa because the superpowers

refused to build military bases in Africa

refused to provide loans and economic aid to Africa.

prevented African nations from joining the United Nations.

competed to win influence among African nations


Quick check2
Quick Check African nations.

For a long time, a major improvement in African agriculture has been

a greater emphasis on subsistence farming.

an increased dependence on a one-crop economy in many countries.

a decreased reliance on irrigation systems.

an increased use of scientific farming techniques.


Quick check3
Quick Check African nations.

When African nations applied to the International Monetary Fund for loans, it forced them to

decrease exports of raw materials

increase government spending.

reduce government controls of their economies

set up programs to end urbanization.