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Sports as an Institution

Sports as an Institution

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Sports as an Institution

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  1. Sports as an Institution

  2. What is Sport as an Institution? • Social Practice • Gets individuals involved with others • Works on social skills • Involves goals and certain outcomes

  3. How it all Started... Europeans • During the Renaissance period • Greek art portrayed beauty, and became ideal • The knowledge of human physical activity progressed; new sports were developed

  4. Victorian Era • Sports were a reflection of life • “What held true in a game, held true in life” • Physical education became important • Participation was key, not winning • Phys. Ed. and organized sports grew

  5. Early Timeline of Physical Education 1830: • Upper Canada College (private school) • First school to carry over traditional games 1846: • Egerton Ryerson intro. public education plan • Part of curriculum, but not mandatory

  6. 1852: • Normal school established on Toronto • Physical training in curriculum • Focused mostly on gymnastics 1872: • The Ontario Education Act • Recognized as school subject 1878: • Teacher’s certificates awarded • Proficiency in physical training

  7. 1880: • Extracurricular activities organized 1889: • Physical training becomes compulsory 1909: • The Strathcona Trust established • Funding for physical education

  8. Sports in Society Video

  9. Importance of Play • Learn about themselves • Learn about those around them • Their environment • Community • All above result in a child’s well-being, self esteem and effective learning methods

  10. Playing...

  11. Well Being • Due to technology more children are becoming inactive • Increase encouragement, increase life expectancy, and decrease disease • Fun activities = increase in participation rates • Positive physical, mental, and emotional well being builds self esteem

  12. Self Esteem • Positive outlook with realistic goals • Positive family & community relations Develop social skills • Accept them • Has to feel safe and secure • Meet child’s needs

  13. Punishments must be realistic, but honest • Cheerful and supportive with decisions • Positive living environment increases self esteem • Benefits them in social interactions and learning methods

  14. Learning Methods • Younger they are, easier to teach • Techniques: • Playing  powerful tool • Imitation  mechanical • Repetition  kids understand better • Role playing  effective and creative • Reaching level of confidence they will accept words, ideas and concepts • Important to expose different learning methods

  15. Physical Education in Today’s Society • Phys. Ed. promotes physical activity • Amount of time devoted to sport has decreased since 1990 • Ontario Gov. in 2000 made it mandatory for teachers to participate in extracurricular activities • Organizations that support sports: • Canadian Intramural Recreation Association • Canadian School Sport Federation • OFSAA

  16. Community Centres • Common meeting ground • Physical activity is a mean • Involved in community • Interact and support one another • Pursue healthy lifestyle • Inclusive, educational and fun

  17. Fun Leagues • Examples: Basketball, soccer and baseball • Abide my playing fair • Limited competitive aspects • Emphasis on skill development • Relaxed atmosphere

  18. Physical Health & Sport • Children less active then 30 years ago • Boys are more active then girls • Inactive children grow to be obese • Inactivity causes: • Heart disease & stroke (1) • High blood pressure • Osteoporosis • Depression • Colon cancer & on set diabetes

  19. Government Funding and High School Sports • The government has always contemplated funding high school sports • High School athletics are beneficial to students and do deserve the governments money • Participating in sports promotes a healthy active life for the teen • Teaches team work skills that can be used in and out of the class room • Occupies the student athletes time doing something structured ad supervised

  20. Healthy Lifestyle • The government funding extra curricular sports through schools shows they care about he students well being • Starting these activities young as a teen will help them continue to be that way all through life • Obesity rating will go down in the Nation with more physically active kids • Healthier people means less money they have to put into the health care system of Canada • Participating in sports also reduces stress of the athlete with a good type of stress

  21. Valuable Skills • Playing an organized team sport forces the athlete to learn to work as a unit with their teammates • If the players want to be successful they must build up the athletes with positive encouragement • These skills also transfer into the classroom when students are doing group perform and need to work together or the work suffers • This can also develop better employees for their later years when they are around co-workers • Playing these sports also helps people control their nerves so they work better under pressure and don’t fold under it

  22. Spending Time The Right Way • Teens with to much free time mostly spend it the wrong way • Teens are stereo typed for committing crimes • With a sport to play in their free time means they have a supervised structured activity • Student athletes are also known to be smarter than none athletes • Student athletes are also more punctual for class because they are required to attend class for their sport

  23. Benefits of a Physically Active Population • Healthier mentally • Decreased depression • Higher self-esteem • Stronger social ties are created with greater bonds and friendships

  24. Benefits of Sport - Healthier Inside • Lowers risks of Heart disease Stroke Cancer Type 2 diabetes • Healthier lifestyle choices Food choices Lower drug and alcohol use