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Chapter 14 Basic Version. Integrated Marketing Communications. Outline. Promotion, marketing communications and IMC defined AIDA concept The promotional mix Direct marketing Optimal promotional mix Push and Pull Strategies Budgeting.

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chapter 14 basic version

Chapter 14Basic Version

Integrated Marketing Communications

  • Promotion, marketing communications and IMC defined
  • AIDA concept
  • The promotional mix
  • Direct marketing
  • Optimal promotional mix
  • Push and Pull Strategies
  • Budgeting
PromotionFunction of informing, persuading, and influencing the consumer’s purchase decision
  • Marketing communicationsTransmission from a sender to a receiver of a message dealing with the buyer-seller relationship
  • Integrated marketing communications (IMC) Coordination of all promotional activities to produce a unified, customer- focused promotional message
AIDA concept(Attention-Interest-Desire-Action) – an explanation of the steps through which an individual reaches a purchase decision
    • Sender
    • Encoding
    • Channel
    • Decoding
    • Response
    • Feedback
    • Noise
elements of the promotional mix
Elements of the Promotional Mix
  • Promotional mixSubset of the marketing mix in which marketers attempt to achieve the optimal blending of the elements of personal and non-personal selling to achieve promotional objectives
  • Personal selling, advertising, and sales promotion usually account for the bulk of a firm’s promotional expenditures
Direct Marketing Communications Channels
  • Direct mail
  • Catalogues
  • Telemarketing
  • Direct marketing via broadcast channels
  • Electronic direct marketing channels
developing an optimal promotional mix
Developing an Optimal Promotional Mix
  • Factors that influence the effectiveness of a promotional to mix:
    • Nature of the market
    • Nature of the product
    • Stage in the product life-cycle
    • Price
    • Funds available for promotion
pulling and pushing promotional strategies
Pulling and Pushing Promotional Strategies
  • Pulling strategyPromotional effort by a seller to stimulate demand among final users, who will then exert pressure on the distribution channel to carry the good or service, pulling it though the marketing channel
    • Often a reliance on advertising and sales promotion
  • Pushing strategyPromotional effort by a seller to members of the marketing channel intended to stimulate personal selling of the good or service, thereby pushing it through the marketing channel
budgeting for promotional strategy
Budgeting for Promotional Strategy
  • Percentage-of-sales method
  • Fixed-sum-per-unit method
  • Meeting competition method
  • Task-objective method